How to format your references using the Frontiers in Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butt, Y. (2009). Beyond the myth of the supernova-remnant origin of cosmic rays. Nature 460, 701–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, C., and Grant, P. S. (2013). One-step spray processing of high power all-solid-state supercapacitors. Sci. Rep. 3, 2393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uraguchi, D., Ueki, Y., and Ooi, T. (2009). Chiral organic ion pair catalysts assembled through a hydrogen-bonding network. Science 326, 120–123.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guiducci, C., Gong, M., Xu, Z., Gill, M., Chaussabel, D., Meeker, T., et al. (2010). TLR recognition of self nucleic acids hampers glucocorticoid activity in lupus. Nature 465, 937–941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hammes, G. G. (2005). Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kubicek, C. P., and Druzhinina, I. S. eds. (2007). Environmental and Microbial Relationships. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, L. (2016). “What Is Social Capital?,” in Social Capital and Community Well-Being: The Serve Here Initiative Issues in Children’s and Families’ Lives., eds. A. G. Greenberg, T. P. Gullotta, and M. Bloom (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Expert Committee Finds Genetically Engineered Crops Are As Safe To Eat As Conventionally Bred Plants. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Information Resource Management Internal Control Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Noll, R. T. (2009). Physician acceptance of Computerized Physician Order Entry in outpatient settings: A quantitative analysis of family medicine within Maricopa County, Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012). Illinois Debt Takes Toll, Study Finds. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butt, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Butt, 2009; Huang and Grant, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Grant, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Guiducci et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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