How to format your references using the Frontiers in Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Makovicky, E. (2007). Comment on “Decagonal and quasi-crystalline tilings in medieval Islamic architecture.” Science 318, 1383; author reply 1383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balskus, E. P., and Jacobsen, E. N. (2007). Asymmetric catalysis of the transannular Diels-Alder reaction. Science 317, 1736–1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gélinas, Y., Baldock, J. A., and Hedges, J. I. (2001). Organic carbon composition of marine sediments: effect of oxygen exposure on oil generation potential. Science 294, 145–148.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oieroset, M., Phan, T. D., Fujimoto, M., Lin, R. P., and Lepping, R. P. (2001). In situ detection of collisionless reconnection in the Earth’s magnetotail. Nature 412, 414–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, and American Industrial Hygiene Association (2009). Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rana, A. Q. (2013). Neuroradiology in Clinical Practice. , eds. L. A. Zumo and V. Sim Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dillon, M. E. (2014). “Adolescent Pregnancy and Mental Health,” in International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy: Medical, Psychosocial, and Public Health Responses, eds. A. L. Cherry and M. E. Dillon (Boston, MA: Springer US), 79–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). The Average Person Is Supposed to Eat 2,000 Calories per Day — What That Looks like Is Startling. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Highway Congestion: Intelligent Transportation Systems’ Promise for Managing Congestion Falls Short, and DOT Could Better Facilitate Their Strategic Use. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichol, K. P. (2013). English Language Learners and Gifted Identification: Exploring the Perceptions of Teachers and Parents.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007). Sandwiches From an Heirloom. New York Times, 14NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Makovicky, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Balskus and Jacobsen, 2007; Makovicky, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balskus and Jacobsen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Oieroset et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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