How to format your references using the Frontiers in Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang, K. R. (2010). Astronomy. Serendipitous astronomy. Science 327, 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Summers, M. F., and Hrabowski, F. A., 3rd (2006). Diversity. Preparing minority scientists and engineers. Science 311, 1870–1871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belmonte, A., Di Clemente, R., and Buldyrev, S. V. (2014). The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus. Sci. Rep. 4, 5301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tomasino, A., Parisi, A., Stivala, S., Livreri, P., Cino, A. C., Busacca, A. C., et al. (2013). Wideband THz time domain spectroscopy based on optical rectification and electro-optic sampling. Sci. Rep. 3, 3116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olofsson, P. (2006). Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maheshwari, D. K. ed. (2012). Bacteria in Agrobiology: Stress Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Park, J.-W. (2016). “rTMS in Dysphagia After Stroke,” in Therapeutic rTMS in Neurology: Principles, Evidence, and Practice Recommendations, ed. T. Platz (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 63–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). New Horizons Provides A New View Of Pluto And Charon. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Federal Communications Commission: Broadcast Services, Television Broadcast Stations, and TV Transmission Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huffer, D. J. (2013). A spatial analysis and zooarchaeological interpretation of archaeological bison remains in the Southwest and the wildlife management implications for the House Rock Valley bison herd in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Yankees Need One Of Those Comebacks. New York Times, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lang, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Summers and Hrabowski, 2006; Lang, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Summers and Hrabowski, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomasino et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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