How to format your references using the Frontiers in Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter, S. (2007). Science careers. Carving a career in translational research. Science 317, 966–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, B. B., and Elledge, S. J. (2000). The DNA damage response: putting checkpoints in perspective. Nature 408, 433–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, J. A., Someya, T., and Huang, Y. (2010). Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics. Science 327, 1603–1607.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ng, C. K., Carr, K., McAinsh, M. R., Powell, B., and Hetherington, A. M. (2001). Drought-induced guard cell signal transduction involves sphingosine-1-phosphate. Nature 410, 596–599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gabler, J. (2010). Sociology for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Vitasek, K. (2012). Vested: How P&G, McDonald’s and Microsoft are Redefining Winning in Business Relationships. , eds. K. Manrodt and J. Kling New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Corona, I., Giacinto, G., and Roli, F. (2008). “Intrusion Detection in Computer Systems Using Multiple Classifier Systems,” in Supervised and Unsupervised Ensemble Methods and their Applications Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. O. Okun and G. Valentini (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 91–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). Physics Of Poo: Why It Takes You And An Elephant The Same Amount Of Time. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Highway Trust Fund: Condition and Outlook for the Highway Account. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Del Cid, E. J. (2009). Services for immigrant families with children in the child welfare system: A grant proposal project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016). A Civil War Classic Endures. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Zhou and Elledge, 2000; Carpenter, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Elledge, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Ng et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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