How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sánchez-Bayo, F. (2014). Environmental science. The trouble with neonicotinoids. Science 346, 806–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, F., and Zhang, X. (2013). The Wnt signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of phagocytosis of virus in Drosophila. Sci. Rep. 3, 2069.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimov, S. A., Schuur, E. A. G., and Chapin, F. S., 3rd (2006). Climate change. Permafrost and the global carbon budget. Science 312, 1612–1613.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gómez Cano, A. R., Cantalapiedra, J. L., Álvarez-Sierra, M. Á., and Hernández Fernández, M. (2014). A macroecological glance at the structure of late Miocene rodent assemblages from Southwest Europe. Sci. Rep. 4, 6557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman, K., and Nogales, X. E. D. (2015). Impact Investment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gschwind, T., Paoli, F. D., Gruhn, V., and Book, M. eds. (2012). Software Composition: 11th International Conference, SC 2012, Prague, Czech Republic, May 31 – June 1, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., Fluke, J., MacLaurin, B., Tonmyr, L., and Yuan, Y.-Y. (2010). “Understanding Child Maltreatment Systems: A Foundation for Child Welfare Policy,” in From Child Welfare to Child Well-Being: An International Perspective on Knowledge in the Service of Policy Making, eds. S. B. Kamerman, S. Phipps, and A. Ben-Arieh (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognitive Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Incredible New Image Of The Crab Nebula Created By 5 Telescopes Combined. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Aircraft Development: Reasons for Recent Cost Growth in the Advanced Tactical Fighter Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nash, M. C. (2017). Reading Achievement: A Study of Perceptions of First-Grade Teachers and the Relationship Between Attendance and Reading Achievement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember, S. (2017). The Empire Of Glamour Loses a King. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sánchez-Bayo, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sánchez-Bayo, 2014; Zhu and Zhang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu and Zhang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gómez Cano et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognitive Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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