How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crommie, M. F. (2005). Physics. Manipulating magnetism in a single molecule. Science 309, 1501–1502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shcheka, S. S., and Keppler, H. (2012). The origin of the terrestrial noble-gas signature. Nature 490, 531–534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shanavas, K. V., Parker, D., and Singh, D. J. (2014). Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi. Sci. Rep. 4, 7222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roy, M., Zinck, R. D., Bouma, M. J., and Pascual, M. (2014). Epidemic cholera spreads like wildfire. Sci. Rep. 4, 3710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin, R. W. (2013). The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Runarsson, T. P., Beyer, H.-G., Burke, E., Merelo-Guervós, J. J., Whitley, L. D., and Yao, X. eds. (2006). Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN IX: 9th International Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, September 9-13, 2006, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Freitas, C. R., and Perry, M. (2012). “Principles and Indicators,” in New Environmentalism: Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity, ed. M. Perry (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 105–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognitive Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Banned in Europe, Safe in the U.S. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Qualifying for Federal Funding of Tribally Controlled Community Colleges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abdeljaber, S. R. (2015). High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W. K., and McKINLEY, J. C., Jr (2014). 106 Are Charged in Lengthy Fraud Over Disabilities. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crommie, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Crommie, 2005; Shcheka and Keppler, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shcheka and Keppler, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Roy et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognitive Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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