How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognitive Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognitive Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ludvigsson, J. F. (2005). Recruiters and academia. Hard times for Swedish physician-researchers. Nature 434, 542.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clement, A., and DiNezio, P. (2014). Climate change. The tropical Pacific Ocean--back in the driver’s seat? Science 343, 976–978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bacles, C. F. E., Lowe, A. J., and Ennos, R. A. (2006). Effective seed dispersal across a fragmented landscape. Science 311, 628.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, S. J., Kim, Y. S., Yuan, J. P., Petralia, R. S., Worley, P. F., and Linden, D. J. (2003). Activation of the TRPC1 cation channel by metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR1. Nature 426, 285–291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lastovetsky, A. (2003). Parallel Computing on Heterogeneous Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
de Franchis, R., and Dell’Era, A. eds. (2014). Variceal Hemorrhage. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jallo, D., Budai, D., Boginski, V., Goldengorin, B., and Pardalos, P. M. (2013). “Network-Based Representation of Stock Market Dynamics: An Application to American and Swedish Stock Markets,” in Models, Algorithms, and Technologies for Network Analysis: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Network Analysis Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics., eds. B. Goldengorin, V. A. Kalyagin, and P. M. Pardalos (New York, NY: Springer), 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognitive Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). “Surfing” Antimatter Breakthrough Could Accelerate The Hunt For Exotic Particles. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Mars Observer Mission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villa, J. (2017). Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R. (2015). An Undertaker’s Discovery Turns a Death Into a Murder Case. New York Times, A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ludvigsson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ludvigsson, 2005; Clement and DiNezio, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clement and DiNezio, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognitive Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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