How to format your references using the Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cardinale, B. (2012). Ecology. Impacts of biodiversity loss. Science 336, 552–553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galán, J. E., and Wolf-Watz, H. (2006). Protein delivery into eukaryotic cells by type III secretion machines. Nature 444, 567–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylander, J., Duty, T., and Delsing, P. (2005). Current measurement by real-time counting of single electrons. Nature 434, 361–364.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gillett, N. P., Zwiers, F. W., Weaver, A. J., and Stott, P. A. (2003). Detection of human influence on sea-level pressure. Nature 422, 292–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, P. W. (2010). Top Hat. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Karafolas, S. ed. (2016). Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Castellsagué, X., Bruni, L., Alemany, L., Diaz, M., de Sanjosé, S., and Bosch, F. X. (2012). “The Epidemiology of Cervical Cancer,” in HPV and Cervical Cancer: Achievements in Prevention and Future Prospects, eds. F. Borruto and M. De Ridder (New York, NY: Springer), 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Scientists Find Animals Thought To Be Extinct For Decades. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Pricing of a Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded to RCA Corporation by the Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger, H. (2010). Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2016). Hackers Have New Entries With the Internet of Things. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cardinale, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Galán and Wolf-Watz, 2006; Cardinale, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Galán and Wolf-Watz, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gillett et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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