How to format your references using the Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts, C. (2004). Immunology. The bell tolls for phagosome maturation. Science 304, 976–977.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chien, K., and Chien, L. (2004). The new Silk Road. Nature 428, 208–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munoz, F., Couteron, P., and Hubbell, S. P. (2012). Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science 336, 1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matthews, J. C. F., Poulios, K., Meinecke, J. D. A., Politi, A., Peruzzo, A., Ismail, N., et al. (2013). Observing fermionic statistics with photons in arbitrary processes. Sci. Rep. 3, 1539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, S. (2013). Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Dao. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yue, W., Takahashi, Y., and Takagi, H. eds. (2009). Advances in Queueing Theory and Network Applications. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, J. S., and Hochman, M. G. (2012). “Osseous Tumors,” in Bone Tumors: A Practical Guide to Imaging, ed. M. G. Hochman (New York, NY: Springer), 113–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). No Bones About It: Sharks Evolved Cartilage For A Reason. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Improving Federal Performance in the Information Age: Issues and Opportunities--Fiscal Years 1996-98. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, C. M. (2010). End-stage renal disease patients and dialysis: Can consistent transportation influence quality of life and treatment compliance? A grant writing project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013). Looking Good, Shooting Ugly. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chien and Chien, 2004; Watts, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chien and Chien, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Matthews et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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