How to format your references using the Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). The Sun Again Intrudes on Earth’s Decadal Climate Change. Science 288, 1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, F., and Ravetch, J. V. (2011). Inhibitory Fcγ receptor engagement drives adjuvant and anti-tumor activities of agonistic CD40 antibodies. Science 333, 1030–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, R. A., Wikelski, M., and Wilcove, D. S. (2006). How and why do insects migrate? Science 313, 794–796.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fulde, M., Sommer, F., Chassaing, B., van Vorst, K., Dupont, A., Hensel, M., et al. (2018). Neonatal selection by Toll-like receptor 5 influences long-term gut microbiota composition. Nature 560, 489–493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imrie, R., and Street, E. (2011). Architectural Design and Regulation. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Christensen, O. (2005). Approximation Theory: From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets. , ed. K. L. Christensen Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Bart, H., Kaashoek, M. A., and Ran, A. C. M. (2010). “Explicit solutions using realizations,” in A State Space Approach to Canonical Factorization with Applications, eds. M. A. Kaashoek and A. C. M. Ran (Basel: Birkhäuser), 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). How Do Human Leaders Compare To Animal Ones? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Organization Organic Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, M. (2015). Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Kendrick Lamar Returns to No. 1. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr, 2000; Li and Ravetch, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Ravetch, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Fulde et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Child and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles