How to format your references using the Annals of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rankin CH. Neuroscience. A bite to remember. Science. 2002;296:1624–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kirkup BC, Riley MA. Antibiotic-mediated antagonism leads to a bacterial game of rock-paper-scissors in vivo. Nature. 2004;428:412–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lorenz K, Lohse MJ, Quitterer U. Protein kinase C switches the Raf kinase inhibitor from Raf-1 to GRK-2. Nature. 2003;426:574–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fraser C, Alm EJ, Polz MF, Spratt BG, Hanage WP. The bacterial species challenge: making sense of genetic and ecological diversity. Science. 2009;323:741–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Young SD. Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Forman D, Jones M, Thistlethwaite J, editors. Leading Research and Evaluation in Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rezaizadeh H, Olson E. General GI Motility Disorders. In: Wu GY, editor. Pocket Handbook of GI Pharmacotherapeutics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 31–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Dr. Oz Admits ‘Miracle’ Diet Products He Advocates Are Pseudoscience [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/dr-oz-admits-‘miracle’-diet-products-he-advocates-are-pseudoscience/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-686R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yanez AM. Chicano and Black radical activism of the 1960s: A comparison between the Brown Berets and the Black Panther Party in California [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. (nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Signs Land Reform Law. New York Times. 2001 Nov 14;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationAnn. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1744-859X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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