How to format your references using the Annals of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Alternative approaches. Nature. 2003;421:455.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Najemnik J, Geisler WS. Optimal eye movement strategies in visual search. Nature. 2005;434:387–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Weaver JC, Vaughan TE, Astumian RD. Biological sensing of small field differences by magnetically sensitive chemical reactions. Nature. 2000;405:707–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Landry CR, Lemos B, Rifkin SA, Dickinson WJ, Hartl DL. Genetic properties influencing the evolvability of gene expression. Science. 2007;317:118–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Derbyshire E. Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Lal SK, editor. Molecular Biology of the SARS-Coronavirus. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Trinh PH. Exponential Asymptotics and Stokes Line Smoothing for Generalized Solitary Waves. In: Steinrück H, editor. Asymptotic Methods in Fluid Mechanics: Survey and Recent Advances. Vienna: Springer; 2011. p. 121–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Species Of Terror Bird Discovered in Argentina [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/skeleton-new-terror-bird-species-discovered-argentina/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: A Comparison of Federal and State Highway Laws. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: RCED-90-157.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wong AN. The model minority at risk: Barriers to mental health access for Chinese Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. Typically Chummy Ritual Offers Moment of Catharsis. New York Times. 2017 Apr 30;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationAnn. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1744-859X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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