How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sax D. Journal club. A conservation biologist considers the role of nature reserves in a warming world. Nature (2010) 466:669.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tulin A, Spradling A. Chromatin loosening by poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) at Drosophila puff loci. Science (2003) 299:560–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Salganik MJ, Dodds PS, Watts DJ. Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science (2006) 311:854–856.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Mehta R, Steinkraus KA, Sutphin GL, Ramos FJ, Shamieh LS, Huh A, Davis C, Chandler-Brown D, Kaeberlein M. Proteasomal regulation of the hypoxic response modulates aging in C. elegans. Science (2009) 324:1196–1198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shapiro IM. Energy Audits and Improvements for Commercial Buildings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc (2016).
An edited book
1.
Ahmed W. Chemical Vapour Deposition of Diamond for Dental Tools and Burs. Sein H, Jackson MJ, Rego C, Phoenix DA, Elhissi A, Crean SJ, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2014). XI, 140 p. 108 illus., 53 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Adeli A, Sinaee M, Zomorodian MJ, Hamzeh A. “Harmony-Based Feature Weighting to Improve the Nearest Neighbor Classification.,” In: Meghanathan N, Nagamalai D, Chaki N, editors. Advances in Computing and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advances in Computing and Information Technology (ACITY) July 13-15, 2012, Chennai, India - Volume 2. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2013). p. 27–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Irish Beach Reappears Within A Few Days After Disappearing 33 Years Ago. IFLScience (2017) https://www.iflscience.com/environment/irish-beach-reappears-within-a-few-days-after-disappearing-33-years-ago/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made to Develop Business Enterprise Architecture, but Much Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Comorau N. Postcolonial refashionings: Reading forms, reading novels. [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. PRESIDENT MOVES IN FAVOR OF LABOR. New York Times (1993)A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
AbbreviationFront. Cardiovasc. Med.
ISSN (online)2297-055X
Scope

Other styles