How to format your references using the Cortex citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cortex. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kahan, D. (2012). Why we are poles apart on climate change. Nature, 488(7411), 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, Q., & Lemke, G. (2001). Homeostatic regulation of the immune system by receptor tyrosine kinases of the Tyro 3 family. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 306–311.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armstrong, A. A., Mohideen, F., & Lima, C. D. (2012). Recognition of SUMO-modified PCNA requires tandem receptor motifs in Srs2. Nature, 483(7387), 59–63.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Settembre, C., Di Malta, C., Polito, V. A., Garcia Arencibia, M., Vetrini, F., Erdin, S., Erdin, S. U., Huynh, T., Medina, D., Colella, P., Sardiello, M., Rubinsztein, D. C., & Ballabio, A. (2011). TFEB links autophagy to lysosomal biogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6036), 1429–1433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M. (2016). Phase Transformations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, N., Hackenberg, M., & Aransay, A. M. (Eds.). (2012). Bioinformatics for High Throughput Sequencing. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rusyaeva, E. (2014). Cognitive Techniques of Knowledge Formation. In A. Kravets, M. Shcherbakov, M. Kultsova, & T. Iijima (Eds.), Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: 11th Joint Conference, JCKBSE 2014, Volgograd, Russia, September 17-20, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 40–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cortex.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, September 13). Ground Squirrels Use The Sun To Hide Their Food Stash. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Measuring Performance: The Advanced Technology Program and Private-Sector Funding (RCED-96-47). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaminsky, E. (2006). Schumann’s Op. 14: Original, Revised and Edited (“Concerto without Orchestra” versus Piano Sonata No. 3) [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, May 23). Political Memo; “New Democrats” Say Clinton Has Veered Left and Left Them. New York Times, 120.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kahan, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kahan, 2012; Lu & Lemke, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu & Lemke, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Armstrong et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Settembre et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCortex
ISSN (print)0010-9452
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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