How to format your references using the Cortex citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cortex. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, C. (2005). Comment on “Abrupt and gradual extinction among Late Permian land vertebrates in the Karoo basin, South Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5727), 1413; author reply 1413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, B. G., & Dye, C. (2003). Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1535–1537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beeli, G., Esslen, M., & Jäncke, L. (2005). Synaesthesia: when coloured sounds taste sweet. Nature, 434(7029), 38.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, Z., Wang, Y., Sun, C., Alonso, J. A., Fernández-Díaz, M. T., & Chen, L. (2014). Experimental visualization of the diffusion pathway of sodium ions in the Na3[Ti2P2O10F] anode for sodium-ion battery. Scientific Reports, 4, 7231.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cowan, J. P. (2016). The Effects of Sound on People. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Liu, X. (Ed.). (2015). Dao Companion to Daoist Philosophy (Vol. 6). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lellouche, P. (2010). Necessary Progress in the Defence of Europe. In C. Arvanitopoulos & K. E. Botsiou (Eds.), The Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook 2010 (pp. 33–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cortex.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 17). Watch The Moment A Baby Kangaroo Is Rescued From Dead Mother’s Pouch. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Stafford Student Loans: Millions of Dollars in Loans Awarded to Ineligible Borrowers (IMTEC-91-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister, M. H. (2008). Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2009, November 20). Russian Priest Killed in Church. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Marshall, 2005; Williams & Dye, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams & Dye, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Beeli et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCortex
ISSN (print)0010-9452
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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