How to format your references using the BMC Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Müller-Wille S. Plant taxonomy: The love of plants. Nature. 2007;446:268.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vinson V, Pennisi E. Synthetic biology. The allure of synthetic biology. Introduction. Science. 2011;333:1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Draghici C, Wang T, Spiegel DA. Concise total synthesis of glucosepane. Science. 2015;350:294–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Borgia A, Borgia MB, Bugge K, Kissling VM, Heidarsson PO, Fernandes CB, et al. Extreme disorder in an ultrahigh-affinity protein complex. Nature. 2018;555:61–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Freeman RL. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1. Lin S, Huang X, editors. Advanced Research on Computer Education, Simulation and Modeling: International Conference, CESM 2011, Wuhan, China, June 18-19, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Danielescu A, Savio-Ramos C, Sadauskas J. Constructing an Embodied Interaction for Concept Mapping. In: Stephanidis C, editor. HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 23–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Psychology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. World’s Largest Geoengineering Study Planned By Harvard Scientists. IFLScience. 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/worlds-largest-geoengineering-study-planned-by-harvard-scientists/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Infrastructure: Agencies’ Approaches to Developing Investment Estimates Vary. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chavez JA. Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017;:C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Psychology
AbbreviationBMC Psychol.
ISSN (online)2050-7283
Scope

Other styles