How to format your references using the Steroids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Steroids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Falk, Careers in science offer women an unusual bonus: immortality, Nature. 407 (2000) 833.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Soubeyrand, S.A. Plotkin, Microbial evolution: antitoxin vaccines and pathogen virulence, Nature. 417 (2002) 609–10; discussion 610.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Wang, C. Song, A.-L. Barabási, Quantifying long-term scientific impact, Science. 342 (2013) 127–132.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Maret, P. Franken, Y. Dauvilliers, N.B. Ghyselinck, P. Chambon, M. Tafti, Retinoic acid signaling affects cortical synchrony during sleep, Science. 310 (2005) 111–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.R. Norwitz, G.R. Saade, H. Miller, C.M. Davidson, Obstetric Clinical Algorithms, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
M.Z. Siemionow, ed., Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Experimental Models and Research Designs, Springer, London, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Balen, Polycystic Ovary Versus Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, in: A. Dunaif, R.J. Chang, S. Franks, R.S. Legro (Eds.), Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2008: pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Steroids.

Blog post
T. Hale, Unusual Artwork Showing Mongoose On A Leash Revealed In Ancient Egyptian Tomb, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Human Factors: FAA’s Guidance and Oversight of Pilot Crew Resource Management Training Can Be Improved, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Bhandari, The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Perot Shows Penchant For Seeing Conspiracy, New York Times. (1992) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSteroids
ISSN (print)0039-128X
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Organic Chemistry

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