How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cardiovascular and Smooth Muscle Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cardiovascular and Smooth Muscle Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mawet, D. (2015). PLANETARY SCIENCE. Eyeing up a Jupiter-like exoplanet. Science 350, 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Domizio, J., and Gilliet, M. (2015). SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Designer cells finely tuned for therapy. Science 350, 1478–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miura, K., Nasu, H., and Yamamoto, S. (2013). Scanning acoustic microscopy for characterization of neoplastic and inflammatory lesions of lymph nodes. Sci. Rep. 3, 1255.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
La Manno, G., Soldatov, R., Zeisel, A., Braun, E., Hochgerner, H., Petukhov, V., et al. (2018). RNA velocity of single cells. Nature 560, 494–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone, J., and Vaidya, N. (2016). Cultural Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, S. ed. (2015). Bichitra: The Making of an Online Tagore Variorum. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Croker, A., Croker, J., and Grotowski, M. (2014). “Changing Directions in Healthcare,” in Health Practice Relationships, eds. J. Higgs, A. Croker, D. Tasker, J. Hummell, and N. Patton (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cardiovascular and Smooth Muscle Pharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). New Pterosaur Flew Right Out of Avatar. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). FCC: Geographic Partitioning and Spectrum Disaggregation for the 220-222 MHz Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rawashdeh, M. Y. (2013). A Relational Framework for Clustering and Cluster Validity and the Generalization of the Silhouette Measure.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witt, J. F. (2016). Court Provocateur. New York Times, BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mawet, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Di Domizio and Gilliet, 2015; Mawet, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Domizio and Gilliet, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (La Manno et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cardiovascular and Smooth Muscle Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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