How to format your references using the International Journal of Human - Computer Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston, D.M., 2009. Cancer. Complicated supercomplexes. Science 324, 602–603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M.P., Harper, D.A.T., 2013. Earth science. Causes of the Cambrian explosion. Science 341, 1355–1356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schnupp, J.W., Mrsic-Flogel, T.D., King, A.J., 2001. Linear processing of spatial cues in primary auditory cortex. Nature 414, 200–204.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brissett, N.C., Pitcher, R.S., Juarez, R., Picher, A.J., Green, A.J., Dafforn, T.R., Fox, G.C., Blanco, L., Doherty, A.J., 2007. Structure of a NHEJ polymerase-mediated DNA synaptic complex. Science 318, 456–459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benitez, M., Davidson, J., Flaxman, L., 2009. Small Schools, Big Ideas. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Valk, P.E., Delbeke, D., Bailey, D.L., Townsend, D.W., Maisey, M.N. (Eds.), 2006. Positron Emission Tomography: Clinical Practice. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Lindop, J., Treece, G., Gee, A., Prager, R., 2009. Dynamic Resolution Selection in Strain Imaging, in: Akiyama, I. (Ed.), Acoustical Imaging, Acoustical Imaging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Indian Woman In Her Seventies Gives Birth To First Child [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Performance and Accountability Highlights Fiscal Year 2007 (No. GAO-08-2SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tetley, J., 2009. An investigation of self-authorship, hope, and meaning in life among second-year college students (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2017. Two Different Cultures, One Modern Marriage. New York Times ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livingston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Livingston, 2009; Smith and Harper, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Harper, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brissett et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Human - Computer Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
ISSN (print)1071-5819
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
General Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles