How to format your references using the International Journal of Human - Computer Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford, G., 2001. Where might it lead? Nature 414, 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metaxas, P.T., Mustafaraj, E., 2012. Science and society. Social media and the elections. Science 338, 472–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem, S., Hahn, D.R., Schuurman, G., 2000. Producer-decomposer co-dependency influences biodiversity effects. Nature 403, 762–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, A., Xu, J., Zhang, X., Zhang, B., Wang, D., Xu, H., 2014. Interfacial nanodroplets guided construction of hierarchical Au, Au-Pt, and Au-Pd particles as excellent catalysts. Sci. Rep. 4, 4849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trout, J., Rivkin, S., 2008. Differentiate or Die. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dijkman, R., Hofstetter, J., Koehler, J. (Eds.), 2011. Business Process Model and Notation: Third International Workshop, BPMN 2011, Lucerne, Switzerland, November 21-22, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fournier-Viger, P., Nkambou, R., Faghihi, U., Nguifo, E.M., 2009. Mining Temporal Patterns to Improve Agents Behavior: Two Case Studies, in: Cao, L. (Ed.), Data Mining and Multi-Agent Integration. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Newly Discovered Fossil Suggests Complex Skeletons Evolved Earlier Than Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Maintaining Effective Control Over Employee Time and Attendance Reporting (No. GAO-01-186G). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glazer, K., 2015. Imagining a constructionist game-based pedagogical model: Using tabletop role-playing game creation to enhance literature education in high school English classes (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. As Museum Considers Uses for Land, Gardeners Ponder Their Fate. New York Times 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bobrow, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson, 2010; Piston, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metaxas and Mustafaraj, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirsch et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Human - Computer Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
ISSN (print)1071-5819
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
General Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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