How to format your references using the International Journal of Human - Computer Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad, J., 2015. Reproducibility: Don’t cry wolf. Nature 523, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hawkesworth, C.J., Kemp, A.I.S., 2006. Evolution of the continental crust. Nature 443, 811–817.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balachandran, S., Thomas, E., Barber, G.N., 2004. A FADD-dependent innate immune mechanism in mammalian cells. Nature 432, 401–405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Came, R.E., Eiler, J.M., Veizer, J., Azmy, K., Brand, U., Weidman, C.R., 2007. Coupling of surface temperatures and atmospheric CO2 concentrations during the Palaeozoic era. Nature 449, 198–201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl, D., 2008. Multi-Family Millions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Martini, I.P., Chesworth, W. (Eds.), 2011. Landscapes and Societies: Selected Cases. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Oneal, J.R., Russett, B.M., 2015. The Kantian Peace: The Pacific Benefits of Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations, 1885–1992, in: Starr, H. (Ed.), Bruce M. Russett: Pioneer in the Scientific and Normative Study of War, Peace, and Policy, SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 74–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Two Fossil Skulls Discovered In China May Have Belonged To Mysterious Denisovans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Global Positioning System: Observations on Quarterly Reports from the Air Force (No. GAO-17-162R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, M., 2013. Respite efficacy for parents of adults with intellectual disabilities: An ethnographic perspective (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Always on Offer: Fresh Fish, a Relaxed Vibe. New York Times NJ5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conrad, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad, 2015; Hawkesworth and Kemp, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hawkesworth and Kemp, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Came et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Human - Computer Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
ISSN (print)1071-5819
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
General Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles