How to format your references using the International Journal of Human - Computer Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heitman, J., 2005. Cell biology. A fungal Achilles’ heel. Science 309, 2175–2176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernstein, A., Rossant, J., 2013. Anthony James Pawson (1952-2013). Nature 501, 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bush, M.B., Silman, M.R., Urrego, D.H., 2004. 48,000 years of climate and forest change in a biodiversity hot spot. Science 303, 827–829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sato, Y., Iketani, M., Kurihara, Y., Yamaguchi, M., Yamashita, N., Nakamura, F., Arie, Y., Kawasaki, T., Hirata, T., Abe, T., Kiyonari, H., Strittmatter, S.M., Goshima, Y., Takei, K., 2011. Cartilage acidic protein-1B (LOTUS), an endogenous Nogo receptor antagonist for axon tract formation. Science 333, 769–773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krimpmann, A., 2015. Principles of Group Accounting under IFRS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kober, J., 2014. Learning Motor Skills: From Algorithms to Robot Experiments, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothschild, B.M., Schultze, H.-P., Pellegrini, R., 2012. Annotated Bibliography A-C, in: Schultze, H.-P., Pellegrini, R. (Eds.), Herpetological Osteopathology: Annotated Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 55–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. According To This Study, Drinking Fizzy Drinks Can Have A Disturbing Effect On Your Penis [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Strategic Bombers: B-2 Program Status and Current Issues (No. NSIAD-90-120). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hartley, D.L., 2010. Transnational jazz and blues: Aural aesthetics and African diasporic fiction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Ruminations on the Inquiring Mind. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heitman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bernstein and Rossant, 2013; Heitman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bernstein and Rossant, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Human - Computer Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
ISSN (print)1071-5819
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
General Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles