How to format your references using the International Journal of Human - Computer Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, R., 2000. U.S.-RUSSIA TIES: Spy Conviction Strains Science Collaborations. Science 290, 2043–2045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mullins, C.B., Sitz, G.O., 2008. Chemistry. Taking a selective bite out of methane. Science 319, 736–737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royer, D.L., Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J., 2003. Carbon loss by deciduous trees in a CO2-rich ancient polar environment. Nature 424, 60–62.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nojima, S., Schal, C., Webster, F.X., Santangelo, R.G., Roelofs, W.L., 2005. Identification of the sex pheromone of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica. Science 307, 1104–1106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ccps, 2017. Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gürlebeck, K., 2016. Application of Holomorphic Functions in Two and Higher Dimensions. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Bakas, N.A., Ioannou, P.J., 2013. On a Dynamical Mechanism Underlying the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones, in: Helmis, C.G., Nastos, P.T. (Eds.), Advances in Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics, Springer Atmospheric Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 21–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Human - Computer Studies.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Venezuela’s First Carnivorous Dinosaur [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Satellite Control: Long-Term Planning and Adoption of Commercial Practices Could Improve DOD’s Operations (No. GAO-13-315). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone, M.A., 2008. A quantitative study of perceptions of female Air Force leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. A Classic Shoe, Restyled. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stone, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mullins and Sitz, 2008; Stone, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mullins and Sitz, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Nojima et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Human - Computer Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
ISSN (print)1071-5819
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
General Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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