How to format your references using the ScienceAsia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ScienceAsia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J (2015) An education that closed doors. Science 347, 578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tapscott SJ, Thornton CA (2001) Biomedicine. Reconstructing myotonic dystrophy. Science 293, 816–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rand DG, Greene JD, Nowak MA (2012) Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 489, 427–30.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Um S, Fraimout A, Sapountzis P, Oh D-C, Poulsen M (2013) The fungus-growing termite Macrotermes natalensis harbors bacillaene-producing Bacillus sp. that inhibit potentially antagonistic fungi. Sci Rep 3, 3250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2010) Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yu W, He H, Zhang N eds (2009) Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2009: 6th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2009 Wuhan, China, May 26-29, 2009 Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Frey S, Grammig J (2008) Liquidity supply and adverse selection in a pure limit order book market. In: Bauwens L, Pohlmeier W, Veredas D (eds) High Frequency Financial Econometrics: Recent Developments, Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ScienceAsia.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Never-Before-Seen Behavior Of Chimp Brushing Dead Son’s Teeth. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Information Technology: Critical Factors Underlying Successful Major Acquisitions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kalavacherla RS (2017) DFT study of the improved performance of oxygen reduction reaction on gold-copper alloy in a PEM fuel cell. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Settles Into Theme Of Inclusion and Consensus. New York Times, 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleScienceAsia
AbbreviationSci. Asia.
ISSN (print)1513-1874

Other styles