How to format your references using the ScienceAsia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ScienceAsia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robock A (2011) Nuclear winter is a real and present danger. Nature 473, 275–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Valsami-Jones E, Lynch I (2015) NANOSAFETY. How safe are nanomaterials? Science 350, 388–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walker JR, Corpina RA, Goldberg J (2001) Structure of the Ku heterodimer bound to DNA and its implications for double-strand break repair. Nature 412, 607–14.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Xu Y-T, Wang J, Yin R, Qiu M-T, Xu L, Wang J, Xu L (2014) Genetic polymorphisms in Glutathione S-transferase Omega (GSTO) and cancer risk: a meta-analysis of 20 studies. Sci Rep 4, 6578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG (2013) Coal-Fired Power Generation Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liu J, Alippi C, Bouchon-Meunier B, Greenwood GW, Abbass HA eds (2012) Advances in Computational Intelligence: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, Brisbane, Australia, June 10-15, 2012. Plenary/Invited Lectures, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vinocur DN, Medina LS (2010) Imaging in the Evaluation of Children with Suspected Craniosynostosis. In: Medina LS, Applegate KE, Blackmore CC (eds) Evidence-Based Imaging in Pediatrics: Optimizing Imaging in Pediatric Patient Care, Springer, New York, NY, pp 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ScienceAsia.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Viruses May Be More Infectious In The Morning Than Later In The Day. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Selection and Use of Contractor for Development of a Management Information System for the Atomic Energy Commission, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarachana T (2009) Investigation of post-transcriptional gene regulatory networks associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) by miRNA expression profiling of lymphoblastoid cell lines. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Walking Tentatively In Protesters’ Shoes. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleScienceAsia
AbbreviationSci. Asia.
ISSN (print)1513-1874

Other styles