How to format your references using the ScienceAsia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ScienceAsia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang J (2014) Developing excellence: Chinese university reform in three steps. Nature 514, 295–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Killingsworth MA, Gilbert DT (2010) A wandering mind is an unhappy mind. Science 330, 932.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ta VD, Chen R, Sun HD (2013) Tuning whispering gallery mode lasing from self-assembled polymer droplets. Sci Rep 3, 1362.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Damodaram KJP, Kempraj V, Aurade RM, Rajasekhar SB, Venkataramanappa RK, Nandagopal B, Verghese A (2014) Centuries of domestication has not impaired oviposition site-selection function in the silkmoth, Bombyx mori. Sci Rep 4, 7472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nordenström J (2012) The Hunt for the Parathyroids, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Badescu V, Zacny K eds (2015) Inner Solar System: Prospective Energy and Material Resources, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Benepal T, Matakidou A, Zee Y, Houlston R, Eisen T (2006) Genetics of Lung Cancer: Current Thinking on Genetic Predisposition to the Disease and Response to Treatment. In: Syrigos KN, Nutting CM, Roussos C (eds) Tumors of the Chest: Biology, Diagnosis and Management, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ScienceAsia.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) A Man Was Cured Of HIV In 2008, And Hardly Anyone Knows About It. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) ADP Systems: FDA Can Reduce Development Risks for Its Import Information System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witt SR (2017) A Study of the Relationship of Online Course Factors and Passing or Failing an Online Course. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) roberts court may be defined in second term. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleScienceAsia
AbbreviationSci. Asia.
ISSN (print)1513-1874

Other styles