How to format your references using the ScienceAsia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ScienceAsia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun R (2001) Astronomy. Galaxy clusters reveal their secrets. Science 293, 1781–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belkaid Y, Grainger J (2013) Immunology. Mucus coat, a dress code for tolerance. Science 342, 432–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callier V, Clack JA, Ahlberg PE (2009) Contrasting developmental trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science 324, 364–7.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Hennige SJ, Morrison CL, Form AU, Büscher J, Kamenos NA, Roberts JM (2014) Self-recognition in corals facilitates deep-sea habitat engineering. Sci Rep 4, 6782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg U, Cooper CL (2010) The Science of Occupational Health, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Lichtenstein GR ed (2014) Medical Therapy of Ulcerative Colitis, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein R, Vater S, Paeschke E, Ruprecht D (2011) Multiple scales methods in meteorology. In: Steinrück H (ed) Asymptotic Methods in Fluid Mechanics: Survey and Recent Advances, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Springer, Vienna, pp 127–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ScienceAsia.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Chicken Study Shows That Evolution Can Happen Quickly. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malherek MN (2016) The Prevalence and Predictors of Parental Corporal Punishment in the United States. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1993) The New White House Refrain: Please Hang Up and Dial Again. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleScienceAsia
AbbreviationSci. Asia.
ISSN (print)1513-1874

Other styles