How to format your references using the EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McGlone M. Paleontology. The hunters did it. Science. 2012;335:1452–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bilder D, Perrimon N. Localization of apical epithelial determinants by the basolateral PDZ protein Scribble. Nature. 2000;403:676–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mempel TR, Henrickson SE, Von Andrian UH. T-cell priming by dendritic cells in lymph nodes occurs in three distinct phases. Nature. 2004;427:154–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fujita M, Takahashi S, Tanaka Y, Asano T, Noda S. Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals. Science. 2005;308:1296–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Verdu J. Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Abramovich D. Enumerative Invariants in Algebraic Geometry and String Theory: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy June 6–11, 2005. Mariño M, Thaddeus M, Vakil R, Behrend K, Manetti M, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hosoda S, Nonaka M, Tomita T, Taguchi B, Tomita H, Iwasaka N. Impact of downward heat penetration below the shallow seasonal thermocline on the sea surface temperature. In: Nakamura H, Isobe A, Minobe S, Mitsudera H, Nonaka M, Suga T, editors. “Hot Spots” in the Climate System: New Developments in the Extratropical Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction Research. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. p. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Robocabs: How Long Before you Ditch Your Car for a Driverless Electric Taxi? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/robocabs-how-long-you-ditch-your-car-driverless-electric-taxi/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The First Step Toward Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: 147980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shipe RL. Creating productive ambiguity: A visual research narrative [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Bankruptcy Filing Raises Doubts About a Bond Repayment Pledge. New York Times. 2011 Dec 24;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
ISSN (online)2195-0008
Scope

Other styles