How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lemmon, J. P. (2015). Energy: Reimagine fuel cells. Nature 525, 447–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S. C., and Lee, S. J. (2014). Uptake of liquid from wet surfaces by the brush-tipped proboscis of a butterfly. Sci. Rep. 4, 6934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shcherbina, A. Y., Talley, L. D., and Rudnick, D. L. (2003). Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea. Science 302, 1952–1955.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thompson, A. M., Witte, J. C., Hudson, R. D., Guo, H., Herman, J. R., and Fujiwara, M. (2001). Tropical tropospheric ozone and biomass burning. Science 291, 2128–2132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin, R. W. (2013). The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Engelken-Jorge, M., Güell, P. I., and del Río, C. M. eds. (2011). Politics and Emotions: The Obama Phenomenon. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
A chapter in an edited book
Jeske, S., Meinhardt, F., and Klassen, R. (2007). “Extranuclear Inheritance: Virus-Like DNA-Elements in Yeast,” in Progress in Botany Progress in Botany., eds. K. Esser, U. Löttge, W. Beyschlag, and J. Murata (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 98–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). What 2,000 Calories Looks Like At Every Major Fast-Food Chain. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Mass Transit: FTA Could Relieve New Starts Program Funding Constraints. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stein, E. (2017). Oncology Summer Camp Attendance and Self-Esteem and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). JUSTICES REJECT U.S. BID TO BLOCK ASSISTED SUICIDE. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lemmon, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Lee, 2014; Lemmon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Lee, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Behav. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5153
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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