How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Körding, K. (2007). Decision theory: what “should” the nervous system do? Science 318, 606–610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belgrano, A., and Fowler, C. W. (2013). Evolution. How fisheries affect evolution. Science 342, 1176–1177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, Y., Zhang, G., and Zhang, Y.-W. (2014). Layer-dependent band alignment and work function of few-layer phosphorene. Sci. Rep. 4, 6677.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nishimura, N., Hitomi, K., Arvai, A. S., Rambo, R. P., Hitomi, C., Cutler, S. R., et al. (2009). Structural mechanism of abscisic acid binding and signaling by dimeric PYR1. Science 326, 1373–1379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, C. (2013). Advanced Credit Risk Analysis and Management. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kahraman, C. ed. (2008). Fuzzy Engineering Economics with Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liebel, M. (2014). “From Evolving Capacities to Evolving Capabilities: Contextualizing Children’s Rights,” in Children’s Rights and the Capability Approach: Challenges and Prospects Children’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research., eds. D. Stoecklin and J.-M. Bonvin (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Researchers Translate Ancient Egyptian Spellbook. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsu, Y.-T. (2017). Input and Uptake in High School EFL Students’ Multiple-Draft Writing Process: A Case Study of a Taiwanese High School EFL Classroom.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011). A Festival in Red Square For the End of Summer. New York Times, TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Körding, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Körding, 2007; Belgrano and Fowler, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belgrano and Fowler, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nishimura et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Behav. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5153
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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