How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, R. S. (2005). Hepatitis C and liver transplantation. Nature 436, 973–978.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Ee, R., and Anderson, B. L. (2001). Motion direction, speed and orientation in binocular matching. Nature 410, 690–694.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leizerson, I., Lipson, S. G., and Lyushnin, A. V. (2003). Wetting properties: When larger drops evaporate faster. Nature 422, 395–396.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Formisano, V., Atreya, S., Encrenaz, T., Ignatiev, N., and Giuranna, M. (2004). Detection of methane in the atmosphere of Mars. Science 306, 1758–1761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ma, A. D., Roberts, H. R., and Escobar, M. A. (2012). Hemophilia and Hemostasis. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ruzhansky, M., and Wirth, J. eds. (2011). Modern Aspects of the Theory of Partial Differential Equations. Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Interdonato, R., and Tagarelli, A. (2016). “To Trust or Not to Trust Lurkers?: Evaluation of Lurking and Trustworthiness in Ranking Problems,” in Advances in Network Science: 12th International Conference and School, NetSci-X 2016, Wroclaw, Poland, January 11-13, 2016, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Wierzbicki, U. Brandes, F. Schweitzer, and D. Pedreschi (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Motorcycle Accident Causes A Man’s Heart To Rotate In His Chest. IFLScience. Available at:’s-heart-rotate-his-chest/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security Continue to Progress, but More Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, M. S. (2009). Solid families: Community-based program for pregnant and parenting adolescents.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012). A Rivalry to Add to the City’s Rich History. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Brown, 2005; van Ee and Anderson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Ee and Anderson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Formisano et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Behav. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5153
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles