How to format your references using the Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Strom SL (2008) Microbial ecology of ocean biogeochemistry: a community perspective. Science 320:1043–1045
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Baudisch A, Vaupel JW (2012) Evolution. Getting to the root of aging. Science 338:618–619
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Purohit P, Mitra A, Auerbach A (2007) A stepwise mechanism for acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature 446:930–933
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
van Dam JA, Abdul Aziz H, Alvarez Sierra MA, et al (2006) Long-period astronomical forcing of mammal turnover. Nature 443:687–691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Olofsson P (2014) Probabilities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Scholz S, Jarboe MD (2016) Diagnostic and Interventional Ultrasound in Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Krejza J, Swiat M, Tomaszewski M, Melhem ER (2010) Sickle Cell Disease and Stroke. In: Medina LS, Applegate KE, Blackmore CC (eds) Evidence-Based Imaging in Pediatrics: Optimizing Imaging in Pediatric Patient Care. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Infections Of The Mind: Why Anti-Vaxxers Just ‘Know’ They’re Right. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/infections-mind-why-anti-vaxxers-just-know-they-re-right/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2003) NASA: Shuttle Fleet’s Safe Return to Flight Is Key to Space Station Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Polk RL (2015) Examining students with disabilities in a linked learning pathway. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Court to Weigh Disparities in Cocaine Laws. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovations in Systems and Software Engineering
AbbreviationInnov. Syst. Softw. Eng.
ISSN (print)1614-5046
ISSN (online)1614-5054
ScopeSoftware

Other styles