How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craddock Lee, S. J. (2000). Unionization of teaching assistants. Science 288, 1965c.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinle, A., and Cerwenka, A. (2015). Immunology. MULT1plying cancer immunity. Science 348, 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, M.-H., Wan, L.-Z., and Zhang, Y.-Q. (2014). A novel sodium N-fatty acyl amino acid surfactant using silkworm pupae as stock material. Sci. Rep. 4, 4428.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rea, N., Esposito, P., Turolla, R., Israel, G. L., Zane, S., Stella, L., et al. (2010). A low-magnetic-field soft gamma repeater. Science 330, 944–946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1996). Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud Dispersion Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lin, F., and Patel, Z. eds. (2014). ENT Board Prep: High Yield Review for the Otolaryngology In-service and Board Exams. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garg, J., Bonini, N., and Marzari, N. (2014). “First-Principles Determination of Phonon Lifetimes, Mean Free Paths, and Thermal Conductivities in Crystalline Materials: Pure Silicon and Germanium,” in Length-Scale Dependent Phonon Interactions Topics in Applied Physics., eds. S. L. Shindé and G. P. Srivastava (New York, NY: Springer), 115–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). First “Animal Cells’ Could Have Been Created By Viruses. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). NASA Travel: Passenger Aircraft Services Annually Cost Taxpayers Millions More Than Commercial Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert, C. (2017). Factors Associated With Dietetic Interns’ Knowledge of Sodium and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Montague, J. (2017). Door Opens to Hinterlands of Soccer. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craddock Lee, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Craddock Lee, 2000; Steinle and Cerwenka, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinle and Cerwenka, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rea et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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