How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2007). A merger too far? Nature 446, 15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fields, S., and Johnston, M. (2002). Genomics. A crisis in postgenomic nomenclature. Science 296, 671–672.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levison, H. F., Kretke, K. A., and Duncan, M. J. (2015). Growing the gas-giant planets by the gradual accumulation of pebbles. Nature 524, 322–324.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kustikova, O., Fehse, B., Modlich, U., Yang, M., Düllmann, J., Kamino, K., et al. (2005). Clonal dominance of hematopoietic stem cells triggered by retroviral gene marking. Science 308, 1171–1174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, M. (2005). Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aspinall, D., Camenisch, J., Hansen, M., Fischer-Hübner, S., and Raab, C. eds. (2016). Privacy and Identity Management. Time for a Revolution?: 10th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.5, 9.6/11.7, 11.4, 11.6/SIG 9.2.2 International Summer School, Edinburgh, UK, August 16-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagnibeda, E., and Kustova, E. (2009). “One-Temperature Model for Chemically Non-equilibrium Gas Mixtures,” in Non-Equilibrium Reacting Gas Flows: Kinetic Theory of Transport and Relaxation Processes Heat and Mass Transfer., ed. E. Kustova (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 97–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). This Is Why Your Nose Looks Like It Does. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert, M. (2015). Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., and Abrams, R. (2017). Abercrombie & Fitch in Talks to Sell Itself. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fields and Johnston, 2002; Wadman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fields and Johnston, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kustikova et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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