How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowman, D. (2012). Conservation: Bring elephants to Australia? Nature 482, 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Juliano, C., and Wessel, G. (2010). Developmental biology. Versatile germline genes. Science 329, 640–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santra, M. K., Wajapeyee, N., and Green, M. R. (2009). F-box protein FBXO31 mediates cyclin D1 degradation to induce G1 arrest after DNA damage. Nature 459, 722–725.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Toppani, A., Robert, F., Libourel, G., de Donato, P., Barres, O., d’Hendecourt, L., et al. (2005). A “dry” condensation origin for circumstellar carbonates. Nature 437, 1121–1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, K. (2016). TRIZ für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Onori, S. (2016). Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Management Strategies. 1st ed. 2016. , eds. L. Serrao and G. Rizzoni London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sotelo, A., Guijarro, E., Trujillo, L., Coria, L., and Martínez, Y. (2013). “Analysis and Classification of Epilepsy Stages with Genetic Programming,” in EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation II Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing., eds. O. Schütze, C. A. Coello Coello, A.-A. Tantar, E. Tantar, P. Bouvry, P. Del Moral, et al. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). A Man’s Arachnophobia Was Literally Cut Out Of His Brain. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Have Made Progress Implementing the E-Government Act of 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, E. (2017). Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993). Political Memo; “New Democrats” Say Clinton Has Veered Left and Left Them. New York Times, 120.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bowman, 2012; Juliano and Wessel, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Juliano and Wessel, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Toppani et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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