How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eichinger, N. (2007). Getting in the frame. Nature 446, 104–105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson, L. C., and Norberg, R. A. (2003). Delta-wing function of webbed feet gives hydrodynamic lift for swimming propulsion in birds. Nature 424, 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guilbaud, R., Butler, I. B., and Ellam, R. M. (2011). Abiotic pyrite formation produces a large Fe isotope fractionation. Science 332, 1548–1551.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bessell, P. R., Searle, K. R., Auty, H. K., Handel, I. G., Purse, B. V., and Bronsvoort, B. M. D. (2013). Epidemic potential of an emerging vector borne disease in a marginal environment: Schmallenberg in Scotland. Sci. Rep. 3, 1178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donham, K. J., and Thelin, A. (2016). Agricultural Medicine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fung, A. ed. (2016). Global Game Industries and Cultural Policy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Phipps, A. I., and Li, C. I. (2010). “Endogenous Hormones,” in Breast Cancer Epidemiology, ed. C. Li (New York, NY: Springer), 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). New Dwarf Planet Discovered At The Edge Of The Solar System. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Rail Safety: Preliminary Observations on Federal Rail Safety Oversight and Positive Train Control Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takele, T. (2003). Confinement Mechanisms in Quantum Chromodynamics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2008). A Clean Desk, At Least For Starters. New York Times, F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eichinger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Johansson and Norberg, 2003; Eichinger, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Norberg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bessell et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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