How to format your references using the Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst, M. (2010). Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature 464, 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moser, A. L., and Bellan, P. M. (2012). Magnetic reconnection from a multiscale instability cascade. Nature 482, 379–381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meek, S. A., Conrad, H., and Meijer, G. (2009). Trapping molecules on a chip. Science 324, 1699–1702.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wassen, M. J., Venterink, H. O., Lapshina, E. D., and Tanneberger, F. (2005). Endangered plants persist under phosphorus limitation. Nature 437, 547–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zinkin, J. (2013). Rebuilding Trust in Banks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Shimizu, T. ed. (2008). Self-Assembled Nanomaterials I: Nanofibers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Novak, J. M., Armstrong, D. E., and Browne, B. (2014). “Leading Others,” in Leading For Educational Lives: Inviting and Sustaining Imaginative Acts of Hope in a Connected World, eds. D. E. Armstrong and B. Browne (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). How Whales Avoid Being Flayed Alive by Gulls. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Aircraft Certification: FAA Can Better Meet Challenges Posed by Advances in Aircraft Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoch, V. A. (2014). The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2011). New Pose On the Mat: The Sleuth. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brockhurst, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brockhurst, 2010; Moser and Bellan, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moser and Bellan, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wassen et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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