How to format your references using the American Journal of Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Archaeology (AJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamien, R.D. 2011. July 1. “Applied physics. Knot your simple defect lines?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 6038 (July 1): 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, J., and R.P. Novick. 2009. January 2. “Phage-mediated intergeneric transfer of toxin genes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 5910 (January 2): 139–141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, B., N. Mizushima, and H.W. Virgin. 2011. January 20. “Autophagy in immunity and inflammation.” Nature 469 7330 (January 20): 323–335.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Weijers, J.W.H., E. Schefuss, S. Schouten, and J.S. Sinninghe Damsté. 2007. March 23. “Coupled thermal and hydrological evolution of tropical Africa over the last deglaciation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 5819 (March 23): 1701–1704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., R.G. Maunder, J. Wang, and L.-L. Yang. 2010. October 1. Near-Capacity Variable-Length Coding. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, October 1.
An edited book
Bressan, A. 2007. Hyperbolic Systems of Balance Laws: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, July 14–21, 2003. Ed. Denis Serre, Mark Williams, Kevin Zumbrun, and Pierangelo Marcati. Vol. 1911. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Morales Guerrero, L.E. 2016. “A Story of Hilbert’s Tenth Problem.” In Martin Davis on Computability, Computational Logic, and Mathematical Foundations, edited by Eugenio G. Omodeo and Alberto Policriti, 93–105. Outstanding Contributions to Logic. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. June 15. “What Greyscale On Game Of Thrones Has In Common With Leprosy.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. August 28. Terminating Federal Helium Refining. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blackwell, P.K. 2017. “Timbre Fantasy: An Analysis on Coloristic Choices in John Corigliano’s Etude Fantasy.” . Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. 2017. October 4. “What if Platforms Like Facebook Are Too Big to Regulate?” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Kamien 2011 (July 1), .
This sentence cites two references Chen and Novick 2009 (January 2), ; Kamien 2011 (July 1), .

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Chen and Novick 2009 (January 2),
  • Three or more authors: Weijers et al. 2007 (March 23),

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Archaeology
ISSN (print)0002-9114
ISSN (online)1939-828X

Other styles