How to format your references using the American Journal of Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Archaeology (AJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melino, G. 2001. July 5. “The Sirens’ song.” Nature 412 6842 (July 5): 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Das, R.M., and K.G. Storey. 2014. January 10. “Apical abscission alters cell polarity and dismantles the primary cilium during neurogenesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 6167 (January 10): 200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cotton, C.H., J. Flint, and T.G. Campbell. 2009. April 2. “Is there an association between NPY and neuroticism?” Nature 458 7238 (April 2): E6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, L.X., W.J. Jäger, G. Jennings, D.J. Gosztola, A. Munkholm, and J.P. Hessler. 2001. April 13. “Capturing a photoexcited molecular structure through time-domain x-ray absorption fine structure.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 5515 (April 13): 262–264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop, J., D. Girma, and J. Irvine. 2013. August 12. Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., August 12.
An edited book
Dan, G.-A., A. Bayés de Luna, and J. Camm, eds. 2014. Atrial Fibrillation Therapy. Current Cardiovascular Therapy. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, K. 2006. “The Significance of Mycorrhizae in Forest Ecosystems.” In Plantation Technology in Tropical Forest Science, edited by Kazuo Suzuki, Katsuaki Ishii, Shobu Sakurai, and Satohiko Sasaki, 41–52. Tokyo: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Archaeology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. June 20. “New Paper Explains How The “Impossible’ EM Drive Might Work.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 20.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. March 30. Grant Funds to Eisenhower College. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edmonds, J.L. 2009. “Mobility and population change in northeast Mississippi: An object-based seriation of projectile points as a relative paleodemographic indicator.” . Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. 1998. April 12. “The Magical Mystery Block.” New York Times, April 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Melino 2001 (July 5), .
This sentence cites two references Melino 2001 (July 5), ; Das and Storey 2014 (January 10), .

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Das and Storey 2014 (January 10),
  • Three or more authors: Chen et al. 2001 (April 13),

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Archaeology
ISSN (print)0002-9114
ISSN (online)1939-828X

Other styles