How to format your references using the Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, M. (2009). Journal club. A palaeontologist ponders how biodiversity is spread across the vertebrate tree of life. Nature 462, 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodson, J. L., and Bass, A. H. (2000). Forebrain peptides modulate sexually polymorphic vocal circuitry. Nature 403, 769–772.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santer, B. D., Wigley, T. M. L., and Taylor, K. E. (2011). The reproducibility of observational estimates of surface and atmospheric temperature change. Science 334, 1232–1233.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Peeters, F., Beyerle, U., and Kipfer, R. (2000). Palaeotemperature reconstruction from noble gases in ground water taking into account equilibration with entrapped air. Nature 405, 1040–1044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin, R. W. (2013). The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, X. ed. (2015). Dao Companion to Daoist Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kamnasaran, D. (2012). “Medulloblastomas: Clinically Important MicroRNA Genes,” in Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 8: Astrocytoma, Medulloblastoma, Retinoblastoma, Chordoma, Craniopharyngioma, Oligodendroglioma, and Ependymoma, ed. M. A. Hayat (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Parasitic Birds Plan Their Hits Like Professional Burglars. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Truck Safety: Need to Better Ensure Correction of Serious Inspection Violations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richey, B. (2014). Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011). Indelible Name Added to a Roster of Regrets. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goodson and Bass, 2000; Friedman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goodson and Bass, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Aeschbach-Hertig et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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