How to format your references using the Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cripton, P. A. (2013). Perspective: Protecting the neck. Nature 503, S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegazy, A. N., and Powrie, F. (2015). MICROBIOME. Microbiota RORgulates intestinal suppressor T cells. Science 349, 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Moraes, C. M., Mescher, M. C., and Tumlinson, J. H. (2001). Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females. Nature 410, 577–580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guo, Z., Liu, Z.-G., Yao, X.-Z., Zhang, K.-S., Chen, X., Liu, J.-H., et al. (2013). A molecular-gap device for specific determination of mercury ions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, V. O. (2016). Trustworthy Cloud Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kemper, M. (2006). AdvancED Flash Interface Design. , eds. G. Rosso and B. Monnone Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Biancani, S., and McFarland, D. A. (2013). “Social Networks Research in Higher Education,” in Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research: Volume 28 Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research., ed. M. B. Paulsen (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 151–215.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). The UK Government Just Got Rid Of Its Climate Department. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). ADP Modernization: IRS’ Automated Examination System--Troubled Past, Uncertain Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido, M. D. (2017). Self-Reported Emotional State as a Measure of Interpersonal Vulnerability.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Galani, U., and Hay, G. (2009). Helping Dubai, but Only So Far. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cripton, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cripton, 2013; Hegazy and Powrie, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegazy and Powrie, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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