How to format your references using the Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilmut, I. (2012). Retrospective. Keith Campbell (1954-2012). Science 338, 1553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maher, B. A., and Dennis, P. F. (2001). Evidence against dust-mediated control of glacial-interglacial changes in atmospheric CO2. Nature 411, 176–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berkhout, B., Das, A. T., and Beerens, N. (2001). HIV-1 RNA editing, hypermutation, and error-prone reverse transcription. Science 292, 7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Herndon, L. A., Schmeissner, P. J., Dudaronek, J. M., Brown, P. A., Listner, K. M., Sakano, Y., et al. (2002). Stochastic and genetic factors influence tissue-specific decline in ageing C. elegans. Nature 419, 808–814.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kindmann, R., and Kraus, M. (2012). Steel Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Cherry, K. E. ed. (2015). Traumatic Stress and Long-Term Recovery: Coping with Disasters and Other Negative Life Events. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mulser, P., and Bauer, D. (2010). “Resonance Absorption,” in High Power Laser-Matter Interaction Springer Tracts in Modern Physics., ed. D. Bauer (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 153–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). No, NASA Has Not Predicted A Global Blackout in December. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Information Technology: DLA Should Strengthen Business Systems Modernization Architecture and Investment Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Y. (2017). Lexical Stress Features Affecting the Recognition of English Loanwords in Korean by Native English Hearers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016). Found in Translation. New York Times, BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilmut, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Maher and Dennis, 2001; Wilmut, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maher and Dennis, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Herndon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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