How to format your references using the Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clutton-Brock, T. (2009). Cooperation between non-kin in animal societies. Nature 462, 51–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, R. I., and Nicoll, R. A. (2001). Endogenous cannabinoids mediate retrograde signalling at hippocampal synapses. Nature 410, 588–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelley, A. M., Michalet, X., and Weiss, S. (2001). Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science 292, 1671–1672.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klix, C. L., Murata, K.-I., Tanaka, H., Williams, S. R., Malins, A., and Royall, C. P. (2013). Novel kinetic trapping in charged colloidal clusters due to self-induced surface charge organization. Sci. Rep. 3, 2072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morley, D. (2017). Communications and Mobility. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fakhfakh, T., Bartelmus, W., Chaari, F., Zimroz, R., and Haddar, M. eds. (2012). Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations: Proceedings of the Second International Conference “Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationnary Operations” CMMNO’2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Webster, L. R. (2013). “Methadone Side Effects: Constipation, Respiratory Depression, Sedation, Sleep-Disordered Breathing, and the Endocrine System,” in Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy, eds. R. A. Cruciani and H. Knotkova (New York, NY: Springer), 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). There’s No Such Thing As An Alpha Male. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Department of Transportation: Issues Related to Transportation Funding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pitron, J. E. (2008). The influence of exemplary followership on organizational performance: A phenomenological approach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Surico, J. (2017). Model Pet? Try a Rat. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clutton-Brock, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson and Nicoll, 2001; Clutton-Brock, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Nicoll, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Klix et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Autonomic Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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