How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pernet, B. (2004). The cryptic filtering house of an invertebrate larva. Science 306, 1757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattaj, I. W., and Tocchini-Valentini, G. P. (2007). Laying solid foundations for Europe. Nature 447, 377–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Das, G., Talukdar, P., and Matile, S. (2002). Fluorometric detection of enzyme activity with synthetic supramolecular pores. Science 298, 1600–1602.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiong, J. P., Stehle, T., Diefenbach, B., Zhang, R., Dunker, R., Scott, D. L., et al. (2001). Crystal structure of the extracellular segment of integrin alpha Vbeta3. Science 294, 339–345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, K. Q. T. (2015). Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hassanien, A. E., Kim, T.-H., Kacprzyk, J., and Awad, A. I. eds. (2014). Bio-inspiring Cyber Security and Cloud Services: Trends and Innovations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Karniel, A., and Reich, Y. (2011). “DSM Enhancements,” in Managing the Dynamics of New Product Development Processes: A New Product Lifecycle Management Paradigm, ed. Y. Reich (London: Springer), 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). New 600-Million-Year-Old Fossil is the World’s Oldest Sponge. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Internet Infrastructure: DHS Faces Challenges in Developing a Joint Public/Private Recovery Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuebbels, P. J. (2014). Effectiveness of Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum on Middle School Reading Comprehension and Preparation for Common Core State Standards.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, M., Abrams, R., and Protess, B. (2016). Private Equity Hits Close to Home. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pernet, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Pernet, 2004; Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiong et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Aging Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-4365
Cognitive Neuroscience

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