How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herzberg, C. (2007). Geochemistry. Food for a volcanic diet. Science 316, 378–379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aral, S., and Walker, D. (2012). Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science 337, 337–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubash, N. K., Fleurbaey, M., and Kartha, S. (2014). Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science 345, 36–37.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hattori, D., Demir, E., Kim, H. W., Viragh, E., Zipursky, S. L., and Dickson, B. J. (2007). Dscam diversity is essential for neuronal wiring and self-recognition. Nature 449, 223–227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowers, D., House, A., and Owens, D. (2011). Getting Started in Health Research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Hammami, O., Krob, D., and Voirin, J.-L. eds. (2012). Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSDM 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mokhtari, M., and Martaj, N. (2012). “Chapitre 4 Modélisation physique par le langage Simscape,” in Electronique Appliquée, Electromécanique sous Simscape & SimPowerSystems (Matlab/Simulink), ed. N. Martaj (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 295–325.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Meet The Wild Animals Who Put Their Partners First (Just Don’t Call It Love). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tafoya, A. (2010). Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009). Reason to Believe But Also To Be Cautious. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herzberg, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Herzberg, 2007; Aral and Walker, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aral and Walker, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hattori et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Aging Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-4365
Cognitive Neuroscience

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