How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benovic, J. L. (2015). Structural biology: Arresting developments in receptor signalling. Nature 523, 538–539.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minkov, M., and Savona, V. (2014). Automated optimization of photonic crystal slab cavities. Sci. Rep. 4, 5124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baxt, L. A., Garza-Mayers, A. C., and Goldberg, M. B. (2013). Bacterial subversion of host innate immune pathways. Science 340, 697–701.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weixlbaumer, A., Jin, H., Neubauer, C., Voorhees, R. M., Petry, S., Kelley, A. C., et al. (2008). Insights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosome. Science 322, 953–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo, G., and García-Martín, M. A. (2005). The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Taha, S. (2013). Secure IP Mobility Management for VANET. , ed. X. Shen Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Soto, J., Campos, I., and Martínez-Máñez, R. (2013). “Monitoring Wastewater Treatment Using Voltammetric Electronic Tongues,” in Smart Sensors for Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation., eds. S. C. Mukhopadhyay and A. Mason (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 65–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Imagining Strange New Lifeforms Could Help Us Discover Our Own Origins. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Alternative Market Mechanisms for the Student Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casco, D. (2014). Consonance: An inter play of music and design to evoke curiosity and awareness of our musical identity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benovic, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Minkov and Savona, 2014; Benovic, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minkov and Savona, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Weixlbaumer et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Aging Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-4365
Cognitive Neuroscience

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