How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloat, D. L. (2009). South Dakota school replies to sexual harassment claims. Nature 460, 949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evans, J., and Rzhetsky, A. (2010). Philosophy of science. Machine science. Science 329, 399–400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schummers, J., Yu, H., and Sur, M. (2008). Tuned responses of astrocytes and their influence on hemodynamic signals in the visual cortex. Science 320, 1638–1643.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Potts, R., Behrensmeyer, A. K., Faith, J. T., Tryon, C. A., Brooks, A. S., Yellen, J. E., et al. (2018). Environmental dynamics during the onset of the Middle Stone Age in eastern Africa. Science 360, 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji, S., and Hedges, P. (2005). Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bru, R., and Romero-Vivó, S. eds. (2009). Positive Systems: Proceedings of the third Multidisciplinary International Symposium on Positive Systems: Theory and Applications (POSTA 2009) Valencia, Spain, September 2-4, 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meninger, S. (2009). “Phase Noise and Jitter,” in Clocking in Modern VLSI Systems Integrated Circuits and Systems., ed. T. Xanthopoulos (Boston, MA: Springer US), 139–181.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Scientists Grow Miniature Beating Hearts In The Lab. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Federal Research: Status of DOE’s Superconducting Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jalali Farahani, B. (2005). Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2013). Your Earrings Remind Me of Grandma’s Gran Torino. New York Times, AU7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloat, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sloat, 2009; Evans and Rzhetsky, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Evans and Rzhetsky, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Potts et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Aging Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-4365
Cognitive Neuroscience

Other styles