How to format your references using the Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rainey, P. B. (2007). Unity from conflict. Nature 446, 616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hazen, R. M., and Roedder, E. (2001). Biogeology. How old are bacteria from the Permian age? Nature 411, 155–156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris, G. C., Wimmer, M., and Aston-Jones, G. (2005). A role for lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons in reward seeking. Nature 437, 556–559.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reddy, K. L., Zullo, J. M., Bertolino, E., and Singh, H. (2008). Transcriptional repression mediated by repositioning of genes to the nuclear lamina. Nature 452, 243–247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A. (2017). Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Singh, H. (2015). Active Cancellation of Probing in Linear Dipole Phased Array. 1st ed. 2015. , eds. N. B. Ankaiah and R. M. Jha Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ciobanu, G. (2005). “Modeling Cell-Mediated Immunity by Means of P Systems,” in Applications of Membrane Computing Natural Computing Series., eds. G. Ciobanu, G. Păun, and M. J. Pérez-Jiménez (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 159–180.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). Could We Stop An Asteroid Hitting The Earth? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Aviation Security: Screener Training and Performance Measurement Strengthened, but More Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scheepers, E. M. (2014). Psychotherapists’ use of outcome measures in psychotherapy practice: Differences related to academic background.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). Still Stretching Toward Heaven. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rainey, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hazen and Roedder, 2001; Rainey, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hazen and Roedder, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Reddy et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Aging Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1663-4365
Cognitive Neuroscience

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