How to format your references using the Nordic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Innanen, K. (2006). Planetary science. Solving Laplace’s lunar puzzle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meziane-Cherif, D., & Courvalin, P. (2014). Antibiotic resistance: to the rescue of old drugs. Nature, 510(7506), 477–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winn, J. N., Rusin, D., & Kochanek, C. S. (2004). The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar. Nature, 427(6975), 613–615.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Senju, A., Southgate, V., White, S., & Frith, U. (2009). Mindblind eyes: an absence of spontaneous theory of mind in Asperger syndrome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 883–885.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., & Dalgleish, E. (2006). Corporate Actions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Hannah, K. J., Hussey, P., Kennedy, M. A., & Ball, M. J. (Eds.). (2015). Introduction to Nursing Informatics (4th ed. 2015). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beierle, C. (2016). Systems and Implementations for Solving Reasoning Problems in Conditional Logics. In M. Gyssens & G. Simari (Eds.), Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems: 9th International Symposium, FoIKS 2016, Linz, Austria, March 7-11, 2016. Proceedings (pp. 83–94). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 1). This Could Be This First Female With “Tree Man Syndrome.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Human Capital: Building the Information Technology Workforce to Achieve Results (GAO-01-1007T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, J. (2015). Quasi-one-dimensional modeling of an adiabatic-compression preheated Ludwieg tube [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 26). When Loss Means Disappointment, Not Disaster. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Innanen, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Innanen, 2006; Meziane-Cherif & Courvalin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meziane-Cherif & Courvalin, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Winn et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Senju et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Psychology
AbbreviationNord. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1901-2276
ISSN (online)1904-0016
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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