How to format your references using the Nordic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cobb, M. (2001). Wondrous order. Nature, 413(6858), 779.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos, A. A. N., & Bradley, R. A. (2009). Environment. Energy and technology policies for managing carbon risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 949–950.
A journal article with 3 authors
Renvall, V., Nangini, C., & Hari, R. (2014). All that glitters is not BOLD: inconsistencies in functional MRI. Scientific Reports, 4, 3920.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hood, E., Fellman, J., Spencer, R. G. M., Hernes, P. J., Edwards, R., D’Amore, D., & Scott, D. (2009). Glaciers as a source of ancient and labile organic matter to the marine environment. Nature, 462(7276), 1044–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singleton, T. W., & Singleton, A. J. (2010). Fraud Auditing and Forensic Accounting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Afamasaga-Fuata’i, K. (Ed.). (2009). Concept Mapping in Mathematics: Research into Practice (1st ed.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Du, Y., Wang, X., & Yao, J. (2012). Probability Based Timed Compatibility of Web Service Composition. In Y. Wang & T. Li (Eds.), Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011) (pp. 31–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 18). How Octopuses Coordinate Their Gangly Arms as they Crawl. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). ADP Acquisitions: SSA Should Limit ADP Procurements Until Further Testing Is Performed (IMTEC-86-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fischer, D. (2012). Psychology and people living with hiv/aids: A critical review of the literature [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chang, S. (2006, March 23). Parents Held In Murder Of Girl, 4, Long Missing. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cobb, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cobb, 2001; Patrinos & Bradley, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patrinos & Bradley, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Renvall et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hood et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Psychology
AbbreviationNord. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1901-2276
ISSN (online)1904-0016
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles