How to format your references using the Nordic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J. (2014). Population history: Human melting pots in Southeast Asia. Nature, 512(7514), 262–263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nestler, E. J., & Landsman, D. (2001). Learning about addiction from the genome. Nature, 409(6822), 834–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Snellen, I. A. G., de Mooij, E. J. W., & Albrecht, S. (2009). The changing phases of extrasolar planet CoRoT-1b. Nature, 459(7246), 543–545.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, Y., Yang, J., Liu, H., Ye, F., & Yang, J. (2014). Selective electrocatalysts toward a prototype of the membraneless direct methanol fuel cell. Scientific Reports, 4, 3813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luo, A. C. J., & Guo, Y. (2013). Vibro-Impact Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Rekioua, D. (2012). Optimization of Photovoltaic Power Systems: Modelization, Simulation and Control (E. Matagne, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khamadieva, A. (2015). Development of a Methodology for Measuring the Residents’ Utility Within Place Marketing. In S. Zenker & B. P. Jacobsen (Eds.), Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions (pp. 51–61). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 6). Why Do Bats Transmit So Many Diseases? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Transportation Security Administration’s Suspension of the Butane Lighter Ban Onboard Commercial Aircraft (GAO-09-177R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fay, J. E. (2014). California employer perspectives on older working adults specific to the Affordable Care Act health insurance mandate [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2005, February 15). A Choreographer Vanishes In Murky Russian Mystery. New York Times, E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond, 2014; Nestler & Landsman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nestler & Landsman, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Snellen et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Psychology
AbbreviationNord. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1901-2276
ISSN (online)1904-0016
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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