How to format your references using the Nordic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hestmark, G. (2000). Temptations of the tree. Nature, 408(6815), 911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M. R., & Pearson, P. N. (2003). A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5618), 480–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Standen, E. M., Du, T. Y., & Larsson, H. C. E. (2014). Developmental plasticity and the origin of tetrapods. Nature, 513(7516), 54–58.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Blisniuk, P. M., Hacker, B. R., Glodny, J., Ratschbacher, L., Bi, S., Wu, Z., McWilliams, M. O., & Calvert, A. (2001). Normal faulting in central Tibet since at least 13.5 Myr ago. Nature, 412(6847), 628–632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W. (2009). Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Poli, F. (2007). Photonic Crystal Fibers: Properties and Applications (A. Cucinotta & S. Selleri, Eds.; Vol. 102). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Piho, G., Tepandi, J., & Puusep, V. (2014). Towards P Systems Based Approach for Evolutionary Enterprise Application. In M. José Escalona, G. Aragón, H. Linger, M. Lang, C. Barry, & C. Schneider (Eds.), Information System Development: Improving Enterprise Communication (pp. 45–57). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 20). Opportunity rover discovers mysterious rock on Martian surface. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Costs of Compliance With the Renegotiation Act of 1951 (PSAD-77-165). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitra, A. (2014). Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7 [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, September 16). Settled in the City, But Still in a Hurry Every Weekend. New York Times, B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hestmark, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hestmark, 2000; Palmer & Pearson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer & Pearson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Standen et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Blisniuk et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Psychology
AbbreviationNord. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1901-2276
ISSN (online)1904-0016
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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