How to format your references using the Nordic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dushoff, J. (2004). Comment on “Metapopulation persistence with age-dependent disturbance or succession.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5671), 684; author reply 684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauer, S., & Hoye, B. J. (2014). Migratory animals couple biodiversity and ecosystem functioning worldwide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 1242552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gizon, L., Duvall, T. L., & Schou, J. (2003). Wave-like properties of solar supergranulation. Nature, 421(6918), 43–44.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bachmann, A., Schneider, M., Theilenberg, E., Grawe, F., & Knust, E. (2001). Drosophila Stardust is a partner of Crumbs in the control of epithelial cell polarity. Nature, 414(6864), 638–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, M. J., Jr. (2010). Total Quality Process Control for Injection Molding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Muniappan, R., & Heinrichs, E. A. (Eds.). (2016). Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Reith, W. (2016). Magnetic Resonance Imaging. In T. J. Vogl, W. Reith, & E. J. Rummeny (Eds.), Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (pp. 31–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 20). Are Doctors Following Best Practice When Prescribing Antipsychotic Meds To Kids? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Pipeline Safety and Security: Improved Workforce Planning and Communication Needed (GAO-02-785). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, A. L. (2014). The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, March 17). For Nathan and Matthew’s Fans, Broken Hearts on Broadway. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dushoff, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bauer & Hoye, 2014; Dushoff, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauer & Hoye, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gizon et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bachmann et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Psychology
AbbreviationNord. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1901-2276
ISSN (online)1904-0016
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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