How to format your references using the Forest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon, M. 2013. Biochemistry. Structural MS pulls its weight. Science. 340(6136):1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tessier, P. M., and S. Lindquist. 2007. Prion recognition elements govern nucleation, strain specificity and species barriers. Nature. 447(7144):556–561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön, J. H., C. Kloc, and B. Batlogg. 2001. High-temperature superconductivity in lattice-expanded C60. Science. 293(5539):2432–2434.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, H.-P., Y. Wu, J. Liu, J. Jiang, X.-R. Geng, G. Yang, L. Mo, Z.-Q. Liu, Z.-G. Liu, and P.-C. Yang. 2013. TSP1-producing B cells show immune regulatory property and suppress allergy-related mucosal inflammation. Sci. Rep. 3:3345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy, M., and W. Larner. 2013. Fashioning Globalisation. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Preedy, V. R., L.-A. Hunter, and V. B. Patel, eds. 2013. Diet Quality: An Evidence-Based Approach, Volume 2. Springer, New York, NY. XXXIII, 416 p. 65 illus., 44 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Missier, P., K. Belhajjame, J. Zhao, M. Roos, and C. Goble. 2008. Data Lineage Model for Taverna Workflows with Lightweight Annotation Requirements. P. 17–30 in Provenance and Annotation of Data and Processes: Second International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2008, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, June 17-18, 2008. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Freire, J., D. Koop, and L. Moreau (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forest Science.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. Wind Instrument Players Warned Over Hygiene After Man Is Killed By His Bagpipes. IFLScience. Available online at:; last accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Property Management: NASA’s Goal of Increasing Equipment Reutilization May Fall Short without Further Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viruet, H. B. 2006. Effect of Forklift Operation on Lower Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2011. Amid Marshmallow Mountains. New York Times. :NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tessier and Lindquist 2007; Sharon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tessier and Lindquist 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleForest Science
AbbreviationFor. Sci.
ISSN (print)0015-749X
Ecological Modelling

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