How to format your references using the Forest Policy and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forest Policy and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dicks, L., 2013. Bees, lies and evidence-based policy. Nature 494, 283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergman, R., Swenson, J., 2000. Dynamics of supercooled water in confined geometry. Nature 403, 283–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, F.G., Davies, R., Lyne, A., 2012. Bernard Lovell (1913-2012). Nature 488, 592.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kamlapure, A., Das, T., Ganguli, S.C., Parmar, J.B., Bhattacharyya, S., Raychaudhuri, P., 2013. Emergence of nanoscale inhomogeneity in the superconducting state of a homogeneously disordered conventional superconductor. Sci. Rep. 3, 2979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saunders, A., Allen, L., 2010. Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Xie, Y. (Ed.), 2014. Emerging Memory Technologies: Design, Architecture, and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Cammaerts, B., Bruter, M., Banaji, S., Harrison, S., Anstead, N., 2016. Youth Participation in European Policymaking: Representation and Limits to Participation, in: Bruter, M., Banaji, S., Harrison, S., Anstead, N. (Eds.), Youth Participation in Democratic Life: Stories of Hope and Disillusion. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forest Policy and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. A Glass Of Wine A Day May Help Keep The Heart Disease Away - But Only For 15% Of Us [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Modernization Efforts--Past, Present, and Future (No. GAO-04-227T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson, R.S., 2008. Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. LA 92. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dicks, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bergman and Swenson, 2000; Dicks, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergman and Swenson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kamlapure et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleForest Policy and Economics
AbbreviationFor. Policy Econ.
ISSN (print)1389-9341
Economics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

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