How to format your references using the Forest Policy and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forest Policy and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hippel, F.N., 2001. Energy. Plutonium and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. Science 293, 2397–2398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey, R.L., Mohanty, P., 2005. Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature 437, 995–998.
A journal article with 3 authors
Core, L.J., Waterfall, J.J., Lis, J.T., 2008. Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters. Science 322, 1845–1848.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Richardson, J.D., Kasper, J.C., Wang, C., Belcher, J.W., Lazarus, A.J., 2008. Cool heliosheath plasma and deceleration of the upstream solar wind at the termination shock. Nature 454, 63–66.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Groves, E., 2009. The Constant Contact Guide to Email Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Peterson, G., Shenoi, S. (Eds.), 2012. Advances in Digital Forensics VIII: 8th IFIP WG 11.9 International Conference on Digital Forensics, Pretoria, South Africa, January 3-5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pimentel, D., Burgess, M., 2014. Environmental and Economic Benefits of Reducing Pesticide Use, in: Pimentel, D., Peshin, R. (Eds.), Integrated Pest Management: Pesticide Problems, Vol.3. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 127–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forest Policy and Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Identify Genetic Difference Between Early Risers And Late Sleepers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-96-30(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar, V.R., 2012. A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, K., 2017. Commuter Wear. New York Times ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Hippel, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005; von Hippel, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Richardson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleForest Policy and Economics
AbbreviationFor. Policy Econ.
ISSN (print)1389-9341
Economics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles