How to format your references using the Forest Policy and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forest Policy and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woollings, T., 2011. Atmospheric science. Ocean effects of blocking. Science 334, 612–613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch, E.M., Bar-Yam, Y., 2004. Theory predicts the uneven distribution of genetic diversity within species. Nature 431, 449–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammon, C.J., Kanamori, H., Lay, T., 2008. A great earthquake doublet and seismic stress transfer cycle in the central Kuril islands. Nature 451, 561–565.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, M.-X., Cao, S.-S., Du, Y.-Z., Liu, Z.-X., Liu, P., Li, J., 2013. Diapause, signal and molecular characteristics of overwintering Chilo suppressalis (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Sci. Rep. 3, 3211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti, P., 2014. Baustatik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Boening, A., Kremer, J.-F., van Loon, A. (Eds.), 2013. Global Power Europe - Vol. 1: Theoretical and Institutional Approaches to the EU’s External Relations, Global Power Shift, Comparative Analysis and Perspectives. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter, H.D., Hays, S.R., 2011. Demographics of Chronic Pain in Children, in: McClain, B.C., Suresh, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Pediatric Chronic Pain: Current Science and Integrative Practice. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forest Policy and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. If A Nuclear Bomb Is Dropped On Your City, Here’s Where You Should Run And Hide [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Unmanned Aerial Systems: Efforts Made toward Integration into the National Airspace Continue, but Many Actions Still Required (No. GAO-15-254T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, X., 2009. Graph-based learning for information systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2004. 36 Hours | Williamsburg, Va. New York Times F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woollings, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rauch and Bar-Yam, 2004; Woollings, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauch and Bar-Yam, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleForest Policy and Economics
AbbreviationFor. Policy Econ.
ISSN (print)1389-9341
Economics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles