How to format your references using the Forest Policy and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forest Policy and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haase, A.T., 2010. Targeting early infection to prevent HIV-1 mucosal transmission. Nature 464, 217–223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies, N.B., Welbergen, J.A., 2009. Social transmission of a host defense against cuckoo parasitism. Science 324, 1318–1320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deleault, N.R., Lucassen, R.W., Supattapone, S., 2003. RNA molecules stimulate prion protein conversion. Nature 425, 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jin, C., Zhang, J., Li, X., Yang, X., Li, J., Liu, J., 2013. Injectable 3-D fabrication of medical electronics at the target biological tissues. Sci. Rep. 3, 3442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Z., Zbierski, P., 1997. Logic of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Berrou, C. (Ed.), 2010. Codes and Turbo Codes, Collection IRIS. Springer, Paris.
A chapter in an edited book
Simpson, G., 2013. Great Powers and Outlaw States Redux, in: Nijman, J.E., Werner, W.G. (Eds.), Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2012: Legal Equality and the International Rule of Law - Essays in Honour of P.H. Kooijmans. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 83–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forest Policy and Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Habitable Planets Probably Nearby [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Media Contracts: Activities and Financial Obligations for Seven Federal Departments (No. GAO-06-305). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawary, Y., 2014. A Comparison of How Three Four-Year University Teacher Education Programs Prepare Pre-Service Teachers to Use Culturally Relevant Pedagogy (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R., Fitzsimmons, E.G., 2016. Crane Collapse Kills Man on Busy Manhattan Block. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haase, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Davies and Welbergen, 2009; Haase, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies and Welbergen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleForest Policy and Economics
AbbreviationFor. Policy Econ.
ISSN (print)1389-9341
Economics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

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