How to format your references using the Forest Policy and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forest Policy and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sinclair, D.A., 2003. Cell biology. An age of instability. Science 301, 1859–1860.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D., Brenner, S., 2008. Obituary: Seymour Benzer (1921-2007). Nature 451, 139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaks, B., Liu, R.B., Sherwin, M.S., 2012. Experimental observation of electron-hole recollisions. Nature 483, 580–583.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sobolev, A.V., Hofmann, A.W., Brügmann, G., Batanova, V.G., Kuzmin, D.V., 2008. A quantitative link between recycling and osmium isotopes. Science 321, 536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Klerk, A., 2011. Fischer-Tropsch Refining. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Averbuch, A.Z., 2014. Spline and Spline Wavelet Methods with Applications to Signal and Image Processing: Volume I: Periodic Splines. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Teel, M.K., 2016. Strong Start for Families: An Innovative Use of High Fidelity Wraparound with Mothers in Early Recovery from Substance Use Disorders, in: Shapiro, C.J., Harper Browne, C. (Eds.), Innovative Approaches to Supporting Families of Young Children. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forest Policy and Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Misinformed Spiders Lead Colonies To Disaster [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Highway Contracting: Disadvantaged Business Eligibility Guidance and Oversight Are Ineffective (No. RCED-92-148). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, J.D., 2009. Team development social networking and its impact on the encouragement of spiritual leadership (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. Odes to Suburbia. New York Times 14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sinclair, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Brenner, 2008; Sinclair, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Brenner, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sobolev et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleForest Policy and Economics
AbbreviationFor. Policy Econ.
ISSN (print)1389-9341
Economics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles