How to format your references using the BMC Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Weinberg R. Point: Hypotheses first. Nature. 2010;464:678.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Reader JS, Joyce GF. A ribozyme composed of only two different nucleotides. Nature. 2002;420:841–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Karnath HO, Ferber S, Himmelbach M. Spatial awareness is a function of the temporal not the posterior parietal lobe. Nature. 2001;411:950–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Voyles J, Woodhams DC, Saenz V, Byrne AQ, Perez R, Rios-Sotelo G, et al. Shifts in disease dynamics in a tropical amphibian assemblage are not due to pathogen attenuation. Science. 2018;359:1517–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gavin H, Porter T. Female Aggression. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Argamon S, Burns K, Dubnov S, editors. The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Understanding Manner and Meaning. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bez HE. Rational Maximal Parametrisations of Dupin Cyclides. In: Martin R, Sabin M, Winkler J, editors. Mathematics of Surfaces XII: 12th IMA International Conference, Sheffield, UK, September 4-6, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 78–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Laser Device can Diagnose Malaria in 20 Seconds. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/laser-device-can-diagnose-malaria-20-seconds/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Competition in the Mobile Communications Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pikiewicz KA. I never knew I had expectations until I realized they weren’t going to come true: A grounded theory study of mothering a chronically ill child. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. A New Club in Brooklyn, as Promoter Rocks On. New York Times. 2016;:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Genetics
AbbreviationBMC Genet.
ISSN (online)1471-2156
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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