How to format your references using the BMC Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lewin RA. Why rename things? Nature. 2001;410:637.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yeeles JTP, Marians KJ. The Escherichia coli replisome is inherently DNA damage tolerant. Science. 2011;334:235–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Korswagen HC, Herman MA, Clevers HC. Distinct beta-catenins mediate adhesion and signalling functions in C. elegans. Nature. 2000;406:527–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tian Y, Wu G, Tian X, Tao X, Chen W. Novel erythrocyte-like graphene microspheres with high quality and mass production capability via electrospray assisted self-assembly. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schwartz D. The Future of Finance. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Norman G, Sanders W, editors. Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 11th International Conference, QEST 2014, Florence, Italy, September 8-10, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Placier P, Pinnegar S, Hamilton ML, Guilfoyle K. Exploring the Concept of Dialogue in the Self-Study of Teaching Practices. In: Kosnik C, Beck C, Freese AR, Samaras AP, editors. Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What Happens When You Saw A Rubber Band Ball in Half? IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/what-happens-when-you-saw-rubber-band-ball-half/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Use of Emergency Orders to Revoke or Suspend Operating Certificates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sullivan TJ. Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. Roz Chast Is New Yorkier Than You. New York Times. 2017;:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Genetics
AbbreviationBMC Genet.
ISSN (online)1471-2156
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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