How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatten, Mary E. (2002) New Directions in Neuronal Migration. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1660–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, Robert B., and John F. Atkins. (2011) Molecular Biology. Translation Goes Global. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 1509–1510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Jian, Jin An, and C. S. Ting. (2013) Interaction-Induced Localization of Mobile Impurities in Ultracold Systems. Scientific reports 3: 3147.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hatfield, S. D., H. R. Shcherbata, K. A. Fischer, K. Nakahara, R. W. Carthew, and H. Ruohola-Baker. (2005) Stem Cell Division Is Regulated by the MicroRNA Pathway. Nature 435: 974–978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ni, Zhenjiang, Céline Pacoret, Ryad Benosman, and Stéphane Régnier. (2014) Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pohl, Klaus, Manfred Broy, Heinrich Daembkes, and Harald Hönninger, Eds. (2016) Advanced Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Systems: Extensions of the SPES 2020 Methodology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Garza Castañón, Luis E., Deneb Robles Guillén, and Ruben Morales-Menendez. (2011) Fault Diagnosis in Power Networks with Hybrid Bayesian Networks and Wavelets. In Modern Approaches in Applied Intelligence: 24th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2011, Syracuse, NY, USA, June 28 – July 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Kishan G. Mehrotra, Chilukuri K. Mohan, Jae C. Oh, Pramod K. Varshney, and Moonis Ali. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) No, Johns Hopkins Did Not Release An “Update” Revealing The “Truth” About Cancer. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haire, Kambria K. (2015) Elucidation of the Role of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase in Drug-Induced Toxicity. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. (2017) An Artist’s Childhood, Etched in Trauma. New York Times: C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatten 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hatten 2002; Weiss and Atkins 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Atkins 2011)
  • Three authors: (Li, An, and Ting 2013)
  • 7 or more authors: (Hatfield, Shcherbata, Fischer, Nakahara, Carthew, and Ruohola-Baker 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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