How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchen, Lizzie. (2011) Cancer: Missing the Mark. Nature 471: 428–432.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalia, Jeet, and Kenton J. Swartz. (2013) Exploring Structure-Function Relationships between TRP and Kv Channels. Scientific reports 3: 1523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao, Guangxia, Xuemin Guo, and Stephen P. Goff. (2002) Inhibition of Retroviral RNA Production by ZAP, a CCCH-Type Zinc Finger Protein. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1703–1706.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fusco, Giuliana, Serene W. Chen, Philip T. F. Williamson, Roberta Cascella, Michele Perni, James A. Jarvis, Cristina Cecchi, Michele Vendruscolo, Fabrizio Chiti, Nunilo Cremades, Liming Ying, Christopher M. Dobson, and Alfonso De Simone. (2017) Structural Basis of Membrane Disruption and Cellular Toxicity by α-Synuclein Oligomers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 358: 1440–1443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, K. R., Zoran S. Bojkovic, and Dragorad A. Milovanovic. (2005) Introduction to Multimedia Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gontier, Nathalie, Jean Paul Van Bendegem, and Diederik Aerts, Eds. (2006) 39 Evolutionary Epistemology, Language and Culture: A Non-Adaptationist, Systems Theoretical Approach. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pólya, George, Robert E. Tarjan, and Donald R. Woods. (2010) Stirling Numbers. In Notes on Introductory Combinatorics, edited by Robert E. Tarjan and Donald R. Woods. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) Study Suggests There Are Only Two Subspecies of Tigers. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997) Weather Service Modernization: Risks Remain That Full Systems Potential Will Not Be Achieved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhavsar, Krupa S. (2017) Application of Wavelet on Quasi-Periodic Physiologic Signals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John, and Jim Rutenberg. (2017) Pelley Said to Be Leaving Anchor Post With CBS News. New York Times: B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Buchen 2011; Kalia and Swartz 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalia and Swartz 2013)
  • Three authors: (Gao, Guo, and Goff 2002)
  • 7 or more authors: (Fusco, Chen, Williamson, Cascella, Perni, Jarvis, et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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