How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciochon, Russell L. (2009) The Mystery Ape of Pleistocene Asia. Nature 459: 910–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitaevskii, Lev, and Sandro Stringari. (2002) Ultracold Matter. The Quest for Superfluidity in Fermi Gases. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 2144–2146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Waghmare, Prashant R., Naga Siva Kumar Gunda, and Sushanta K. Mitra. (2014) Under-Water Superoleophobicity of Fish Scales. Scientific reports 4: 7454.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alstott, Jeff, Pietro Panzarasa, Mikail Rubinov, Edward T. Bullmore, and Petra E. Vértes. (2014) A Unifying Framework for Measuring Weighted Rich Clubs. Scientific reports 4: 7258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, Sheng, and Yong Liu. (2011) Modeling and Simulation for Microelectronic Packaging Assembly. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Alpas, Hami, Madeleine Smith, and Asylbek Kulmyrzaev, Eds. (2012) Strategies for Achieving Food Security in Central Asia. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharjee, Ranjana, Melaku Gedil, Alieu Sartie, Emmanuel Otoo, Dominique Dumet, Hidehiko Kikuno, P. Lava Kumar, and Robert Asiedu. (2011) Dioscorea. In Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Industrial Crops, edited by Chittaranjan Kole. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) Numbers On The Mind: How Maths Can Help Explain The Workings Of Our Brain. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994) Tax Systems Modernization: Automated Underreporter Project Shows Need for Human Resource Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Husted, Christie L. (2008) Systematic Differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a Corporate Criminal Profile Possible? Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. (2017) Irma’s Shifting Forecasts: Probability and Uncertainty, With Room for Improvement. New York Times: A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciochon 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Pitaevskii and Stringari 2002; Ciochon 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitaevskii and Stringari 2002)
  • Three authors: (Waghmare, Gunda, and Mitra 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Alstott, Panzarasa, Rubinov, Bullmore, and Vértes 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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