How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazar, Mitchell A. (2008) Developmental Biology. How Now, Brown Fat? Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
Majmudar, T. S., and R. P. Behringer. (2005) Contact Force Measurements and Stress-Induced Anisotropy in Granular Materials. Nature 435: 1079–1082.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chisari, Francis V., William S. Mason, and Christoph Seeger. (2014) Virology. Comment on “Specific and Nonhepatotoxic Degradation of Nuclear Hepatitis B Virus CccDNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344: 1237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greely, Henry, Barbara Sahakian, John Harris, Ronald C. Kessler, Michael Gazzaniga, Philip Campbell, and Martha J. Farah. (2008) Towards Responsible Use of Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs by the Healthy. Nature 456: 702–705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Box, George E. P., Alberto Luceño, and María Del Carmen Paniagua-Quiñones. (2009) Statistical Control by Monitoring and Adjustment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Riccia, Giacomo Della, Didier Dubois, Rudolf Kruse, and Hans-Joachim Lenz, Eds. (2008) 504 Preferences and Similarities. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Wei, Weixu Cai, Borui Cui, and Muxuan Wang. (2015) Synthetic Evaluation Method of Electronic Visual Display Terminal Visual Performance Based on the Letter Search Task. In Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 7th International Conference, VAMR 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Randall Shumaker and Stephanie Lackey. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) Global Warming Is Bringing Spring Earlier To The U.S. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009) Aviation Weather: FAA and the National Weather Service Are Considering Plans to Consolidate Weather Service Offices, But Face Significant Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ma, Ben. (2012) Improving the Performance of Hyperspectral Target Detection. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M., and Daniel Victor. (2017) Fox News Retracts Theory On Killing of D.N.C. Aide. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lazar 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Majmudar and Behringer 2005; Lazar 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Majmudar and Behringer 2005)
  • Three authors: (Chisari, Mason, and Seeger 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Greely, Sahakian, Harris, Kessler, Gazzaniga, Campbell, et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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