How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vespignani, Alessandro. (2009) Predicting the Behavior of Techno-Social Systems. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 425–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeng, Lunwu, and Runxia Song. (2013) Controlling Chloride Ions Diffusion in Concrete. Scientific reports 3: 3359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buffetaut, Eric, David Martill, and François Escuillié. (2004) Pterosaurs as Part of a Spinosaur Diet. Nature 430: 33.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Calignano, A., I. Kátona, F. Désarnaud, A. Giuffrida, G. La Rana, K. Mackie, T. F. Freund, and D. Piomelli. (2000) Bidirectional Control of Airway Responsiveness by Endogenous Cannabinoids. Nature 408: 96–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ansorge, Rainer. (2005) Mathematical Models of Fluiddynamics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shekhar, Raj, Stefan Wesarg, Miguel Ángel González Ballester, Klaus Drechsler, Yoshinobu Sato, Marius Erdt, Marius George Linguraru, and Cristina Oyarzun Laura, Eds. (2016) 9958 Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Naunheimer, Harald, Bernd Bertsche, Joachim Ryborz, and Wolfgang Novak. (2011) Power Conversion: Selecting the Ratios. In Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design and Application, edited by Bernd Bertsche, Joachim Ryborz, and Wolfgang Novak. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. (2014) Jaguar Tastes The Hallucinogenic Effects Of Yage. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) FCC: Development of Technical and Spectrum Requirements for Meeting Public Safety Agency Communication Requirements Through 2010, Establishment of Rules and Requirements for Priority Access Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, Crystal A. (2012) Dying in America: A Historical Analysis of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. (2016) Oh, Forget That Love Stuff. All You Need Is Selfishness. New York Times: C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vespignani 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Vespignani 2009; Zeng and Song 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeng and Song 2013)
  • Three authors: (Buffetaut, Martill, and Escuillié 2004)
  • 7 or more authors: (Calignano, Kátona, Désarnaud, Giuffrida, La Rana, Mackie, et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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