How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu, H. Peter. (2012) Biochemistry. Enzymes in Coherent Motion. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 300–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teagle, Damon, and Benoît Ildefonse. (2011) Journey to the Mantle of the Earth. Nature 471: 437–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Kaicun, Robert E. Dickinson, and Shunlin Liang. (2009) Clear Sky Visibility Has Decreased over Land Globally from 1973 to 2007. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323: 1468–1470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, W. H., Z. Gu, H. Wang, and A. Nekrutenko. (2001) Evolutionary Analyses of the Human Genome. Nature 409: 847–849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bittner, Maria. (2014) Temporality: Universals and Variation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eddie Ng, Y. K. (2007) Compressor Instability with Integral Methods. edited by Ningyu Liu. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Husain, Zakir, and Mousumi Dutta. (2014) Nabadiganta: Women Workers in Kolkata’s IT Sector. In Women in Kolkata’s IT Sector: Satisficing Between Work and Household, SpringerBriefs in Sociology, edited by Mousumi Dutta. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) Morgan Freeman’s Voice on Helium. IFLScience. Available at:’s-voice-helium/. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991) Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success But Could Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ciolek, Raymond. (2017) A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. (2010) Their Lotus Can’t Take Root On a Mat. New York Times: ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lu 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Teagle and Ildefonse 2011; Lu 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teagle and Ildefonse 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Dickinson, and Liang 2009)
  • 7 or more authors: (Li, Gu, Wang, and Nekrutenko 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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