How to format your references using the Foreign Policy Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foreign Policy Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, Tian. (2015) ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS. More Efficient Together. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350: 738–739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brei, Brandon, and Durland Fish. (2003) Comment on “Parasites as a Viability Cost of Sexual Selection in Natural Populations of Mammals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300: 55; author reply 55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, G. W. K., Gerald Holdsworth, and Keith Alverson. (2002) Climate Change in the North Pacific Region over the Past Three Centuries. Nature 420: 401–403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brass, Abraham L., Derek M. Dykxhoorn, Yair Benita, Nan Yan, Alan Engelman, Ramnik J. Xavier, Judy Lieberman, and Stephen J. Elledge. (2008) Identification of Host Proteins Required for HIV Infection through a Functional Genomic Screen. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 921–926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer, Thomas, and Matthias Werner. (2004) Die Zukunft Der Mikrosystemtechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Childs, Lindsay N., Ed. (2009) A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Lingfen, Is-Haka Mkwawa, Emmanuel Jammeh, and Emmanuel Ifeachor. (2013) Media Transport for VoIP. In Guide to Voice and Video over IP: For Fixed and Mobile Networks, Computer Communications and Networks, edited by Is-Haka Mkwawa, Emmanuel Jammeh, and Emmanuel Ifeachor. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foreign Policy Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2016) What Counts As ‘Medical Marijuana’ Varies From State To State – And That’s A Problem. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003) Trends in State Capital Investment in Highways, an E-Supplement to GAO-03-744R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, Nicole S. (2012) The Impact of Action Learning Experience on Reflective Practice. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, Linda. (2008) A New Turn on Old Pots. New York Times: F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Brei and Fish 2003; Zhang 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brei and Fish 2003)
  • Three authors: (Moore, Holdsworth, and Alverson 2002)
  • 7 or more authors: (Brass, Dykxhoorn, Benita, Yan, Engelman, Xavier, et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleForeign Policy Analysis
AbbreviationForeign Pol. Anal.
ISSN (print)1743-8594
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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