How to format your references using the Journal of Business and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles, S. (2009). Did warfare among ancestral hunter-gatherers affect the evolution of human social behaviors? Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1293–1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chklovskii, D. B., & Bargmann, C. I. (2012). Neuroscience. The mind of a male? Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6093), 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, L., Song, Z.-G., & Jiao, S.-C. (2014). Efficacy analysis of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on rare non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring complex EGFR mutations. Scientific reports, 4, 6104.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tye, K. M., Stuber, G. D., de Ridder, B., Bonci, A., & Janak, P. H. (2008). Rapid strengthening of thalamo-amygdala synapses mediates cue-reward learning. Nature, 453(7199), 1253–1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunnell, T. (2016). From World City to the World in One City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Azzopardi, G., & Petkov, N. (Eds.). (2015). Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 16th International Conference, CAIP 2015, Valletta, Malta, September 2-4, 2015 Proceedings, Part I (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 9256). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chao, D., & Xia, Y. (2015). The Role of δ-Opioid Receptors in Brain Ionic Homeostasis Under Physiological Condition. In Y. Xia (Ed.), Neural Functions of the Delta-Opioid Receptor (pp. 117–246). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business and Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 16). Milky Way Pillages Star-Making Gas From Our Smallest Neighbors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). FAA Oversight of Procedures and Technologies to Prevent and Mitigate the Effects of Dense, Continuous Smoke in the Cockpit (No. GAO-13-551R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomko, P. R. (2012). Understanding the factors affecting the influence of children on their parents’ total purchases (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016, July 28). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, p. MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowles 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bowles 2009; Chklovskii and Bargmann 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chklovskii and Bargmann 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Tye et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business and Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0889-3268
ISSN (online)1573-353X
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
General Psychology
Applied Psychology

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