How to format your references using the Journal of Business and Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business and Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuo, A. D. (2005). Biophysics. Harvesting energy by improving the economy of human walking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5741), 1686–1687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frede, J., & Jones, P. H. (2013). Development. Permission to proliferate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1183–1184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goebel, T., Waters, M. R., & O’Rourke, D. H. (2008). The late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1497–1502.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, K., Gao, N., Wang, C., Chen, X., Li, J., Li, S., et al. (2014). Top- and bottom-emission-enhanced electroluminescence of deep-UV light-emitting diodes induced by localised surface plasmons. Scientific reports, 4, 4380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das, J. C. (2015). Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bentley, G. (Ed.). (2012). European Instructional Lectures: Volume 12, 2012, 13th EFORT Congress, Berlin, Germany (Vol. 12). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grilo, C., & Correia, L. (2009). Instability in Spatial Evolutionary Games. In L. S. Lopes, N. Lau, P. Mariano, & L. M. Rocha (Eds.), Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 14th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2009, Aveiro, Portugal, October 12-15, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 41–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business and Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). How Black Slaves Were Routinely Sold As ‘Specimens’ To Ambitious White Doctors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Traffic Congestion: The Need and Opportunity for Federal Involvement (No. T-PEMD-91-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanza, K. M. (2008). The antecedents of automotive brand loyalty and repurchase intentions (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fausset, R., Robles, F., & Eligon, J. (2016, July 18). Online Footprint Builds Portrait of Gunman’s Life. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Frede and Jones 2013; Kuo 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frede and Jones 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business and Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0889-3268
ISSN (online)1573-353X
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
General Psychology
Applied Psychology

Other styles