How to format your references using the Nature Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bronner, M. E. Evolution: On the crest of becoming vertebrate. Nature 527, 311–312 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Attisano, L. & Wrana, J. L. Signal transduction by the TGF-beta superfamily. Science 296, 1646–1647 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Krauss, L. M., Dodelson, S. & Meyer, S. Primordial gravitational waves and cosmology. Science 328, 989–992 (2010).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Müller, R. D., Sdrolias, M., Gaina, C., Steinberger, B. & Heine, C. Long-term sea-level fluctuations driven by ocean basin dynamics. Science 319, 1357–1362 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lagraña, F. E-mail and Behavioral Changes. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016).
An edited book
Zhang, L. Time-Dependent Switched Discrete-Time Linear Systems: Control and Filtering. vol. 53 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Hahn, B. Nicotinic Receptors and Attention. in The Neurobiology and Genetics of Nicotine and Tobacco (eds. Balfour, D. J. K. & Munafò, M. R.) 103–135 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Potential Life on Red Dwarf Planets In Peril Due To Extreme Space Weather. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost Control Problems. (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vazquez Baeza, Y. Statistical Representations Of Microbial Systems. (University of California San Diego, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sisario, B. Drake and Ed Sheeran Top the Chart, Again. New York Times C3 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Physics
AbbreviationNat. Phys.
ISSN (print)1745-2473
ISSN (online)1745-2481
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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