How to format your references using the Nature Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Taylor, J.-S. Biomolecules. The dark side of sunlight and melanoma. Science 347, 824 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kelley, L. A. & Endler, J. A. Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds. Science 335, 335–338 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li, L., Wang, H. & Zhao, X. Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet. Sci. Rep. 4, 7166 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Home, J. P. et al. Complete methods set for scalable ion trap quantum information processing. Science 325, 1227–1230 (2009).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hase, Y. Handbook of Power Systems Engineering with Power Electronics Applications. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012).
An edited book
1.
Culp, P. Shopping for Water: How the Market Can Mitigate Water Shortages in the American West. (Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jones, C. B. Understanding Programming Language Concepts Via Operational Semantics. in Domain Modeling and the Duration Calculus: International Training School, Shanghai, China, September 17-21. 2007, Advanced Lectures (eds. George, C. W., Liu, Z. & Woodcock, J.) 177–235 (Springer, 2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Physics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Four Times As Many Men As Women Are Diagnosed With Cannabis Psychosis. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/four-times-many-men-women-are-diagnosed-cannabis-psychosis/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Domestic Aviation: Effects of Changes in How Airline Tickets Are Sold. (1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hammamy, R. “Promoting responsible action in medical emergencies”: Determining the impact of a new University of Maryland alcohol protocol. (University of Maryland, College Park, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Burghardt, L. F. For Sabbath on Saturdays, Fewer Open Shops. New York Times LI13 (2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Physics
AbbreviationNat. Phys.
ISSN (print)1745-2473
ISSN (online)1745-2481
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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