How to format your references using the Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pandit, M.K. The Himalayas Must Be Protected. Nature 2013, 501, 283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogg, R.C.; Bertrand, D. Neuroscience. What Genes Tell Us about Nicotine Addiction. Science 2004, 306, 983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambarey, A.; Prashanthi, K.; Chandra, N. Mining Large-Scale Response Networks Reveals “topmost Activities” in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, D.; Wang, X.; Wang, X.; Tian, W.; Bando, Y.; Golberg, D. Co3O4 Nanocages with Highly Exposed {110} Facets for High-Performance Lithium Storage. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imrie, R.; Street, E. Architectural Design and Regulation; Blackwell Publishing Ltd.: Oxford, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781444393156.
An edited book
Brainlesion: Glioma, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injuries: Second International Workshop, BrainLes 2016, with the Challenges on BRATS, ISLES and MTOP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Revised Selected Papers; Crimi, A., Menze, B., Maier, O., Reyes, M., Winzeck, S., Handels, H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 10154; ISBN 9783319555232.
A chapter in an edited book
Geitmann, A. Generating a Cellular Protuberance: Mechanics of Tip Growth. In Mechanical Integration of Plant Cells and Plants; Wojtaszek, P., Ed.; Signaling and Communication in Plants; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 117–132 ISBN 9783642190902.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foods.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Bison Seriously Injures Second Tourist In Three Weeks At Yellowstone National Park Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Financial Literacy: Overview of Federal Activities, Programs, and Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitra, A. Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia Coli O157:H7. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Acosta, D.; Robles, F. Month After a Storm, Puerto Rico Awaits Power. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFoods
ISSN (online)2304-8158

Other styles