How to format your references using the Ethics, Medicine and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethics, Medicine and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Grayson M. Cannabis. Nature 2015;525:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lau W, Sattely ES. Six enzymes from mayapple that complete the biosynthetic pathway to the etoposide aglycone. Science 2015;349:1224–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jordan SP, Lee KSM, Preskill J. Quantum algorithms for quantum field theories. Science 2012;336:1130–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Collier LS, Carlson CM, Ravimohan S, Dupuy AJ, Largaespada DA. Cancer gene discovery in solid tumours using transposon-based somatic mutagenesis in the mouse. Nature 2005;436:272–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sundar V. Ocean Wave Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Jacob WJ, Sutin SE, Weidman JC, Yeager JL, editors. Community Engagement in Higher Education: Policy Reforms and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Baez Martin MM, Morales Chacón LM, Cabrera Abreu I. Autism Spectrum Disorder. A Clinical Neurophysiology Approach II. In: Robinson-Agramonte M de LA, editor. Translational Approaches to Autism Spectrum Disorder, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 85–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethics, Medicine and Public Health.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Americans Are More Afraid Of Clowns Than Climate Change. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/americans-afraid-clowns-climate-change/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. B-2 Bomber: Contract Structure and Selected Provisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Villagomez GC. Helping Foster Parents and Kinship Caregivers Support High School Graduation for Children in Their Care: A Self-Instructional Workbook. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mueller B, Remnick N, Baker AL. Blood Spilled in South Bronx As National Gang Colors Blur. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEthics, Medicine and Public Health
AbbreviationEthics Med. Public Health
ISSN (print)2352-5525
Scope

Other styles