How to format your references using the Alcohol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcohol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Innerarity, T. L. (2002). Structural biology. LDL receptor’s beta-propeller displaces LDL. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2337–2339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coudreuse, D., & Nurse, P. (2010). Driving the cell cycle with a minimal CDK control network. Nature, 468(7327), 1074–1079.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, F., Li, J., & Wilson, R. J. S. (2014). A tree-ring reconstruction of the South Asian summer monsoon index over the past millennium. Scientific Reports, 4, 6739.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eckstein-Ludwig, U., Webb, R. J., Van Goethem, I. D. A., East, J. M., Lee, A. G., Kimura, M., … Krishna, S. (2003). Artemisinins target the SERCA of Plasmodium falciparum. Nature, 424(6951), 957–961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morri, G., & Mazza, A. (2014). Property Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kinder-Kurlanda, K., & Ehrwein Nihan, C. (Eds.). (2015). Ubiquitous Computing in the Workplace: What Ethical Issues? An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Vol. 333). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Eschmeier, J. (2014). On the Maximal Ideal Space of a Sarason-Type Algebra on the Unit Ball. In R. G. Douglas, S. G. Krantz, E. T. Sawyer, S. Treil, & B. D. Wick (Eds.), The Corona Problem: Connections Between Operator Theory, Function Theory, and Geometry (pp. 69–83). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcohol.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, July 18). South African MeerKAT Telescope Returns First Image Of Nearly 1,300 New Galaxies. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Tax Systems Modernization: Progress in Achieving IRS’ Business Vision (No. T-GGD-96-123). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler, D. (2010). How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, November 2). World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: New Law Restricts Religions. New York Times, p. A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Innerarity, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Coudreuse & Nurse, 2010; Innerarity, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coudreuse & Nurse, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Shi, Li, & Wilson, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eckstein-Ludwig et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcohol
ISSN (print)0741-8329
General Medicine
Behavioral Neuroscience
Health(social science)

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