How to format your references using the Alcohol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcohol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristoufek, L. (2013). Can Google Trends search queries contribute to risk diversification? Scientific Reports, 3, 2713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay, A., & Gray, J. (2001). The world-wide telescope. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2037–2040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nosil, P., Crespi, B. J., & Sandoval, C. P. (2002). Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation. Nature, 417(6887), 440–443.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sheng, C.-X., Singh, S., Gambetta, A., Drori, T., Tong, M., Tretiak, S., & Vardeny, Z. V. (2013). Ultrafast intersystem-crossing in platinum containing π-conjugated polymers with tunable spin-orbit coupling. Scientific Reports, 3, 2653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazemi, G. A., Lehr, J. H., & Perrochet, P. (2006). Groundwater Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hansen, B. C., & Bray, G. A. (Eds.). (2008). The Metabolic Syndrome: Epidemiology Clinical Treatment and Underlying Mechanisms. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Neumann, K.-H., Imani, J., & Kumar, A. (2009). Cell Suspension Cultures. In A. Kumar & K.-H. Neumann (Eds.), Plant Cell and Tissue Culture - A Tool in Biotechnology: Basics and Application (pp. 43–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcohol.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 9). NASA Unveils Its Plan To Send Humans To Mars Permanently. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Aviation Manufacturing: Status of FAA’s Efforts to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency (GAO-14-829T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L. G. (2012). Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2017, July 3). Puerto Rico’s Power Agency Defaults Over Debt. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kristoufek, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kristoufek, 2013; Szalay & Gray, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay & Gray, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Nosil et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcohol
ISSN (print)0741-8329
General Medicine
Behavioral Neuroscience
Health(social science)

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