How to format your references using the Fire Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakardjiev A (2015) Immunology: Stillbirth prevented by signal blockade. Nature 520:627–628
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen Y, Schier AF (2001) The zebrafish Nodal signal Squint functions as a morphogen. Nature 411:607–610
A journal article with 3 authors
Bintanja R, van de Wal RSW, Oerlemans J (2005) Modelled atmospheric temperatures and global sea levels over the past million years. Nature 437:125–128
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Crawford JM, Korman TP, Labonte JW, et al (2009) Structural basis for biosynthetic programming of fungal aromatic polyketide cyclization. Nature 461:1139–1143

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene EA (2005) Electronic Materials Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mehta JL, Dhalla NS (eds) (2013) Biochemical Basis and Therapeutic Implications of Angiogenesis. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Özpak Y, Aykan M, Çalışkan M (2015) Energy Harvesting from Piezoelectric Stacks Using Impacting Beam. In: Wicks A (ed) Shock & Vibration, Aircraft/Aerospace, and Energy Harvesting, Volume 9: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Science Reviews.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Researchers Create Milk Chocolate With Health Benefits Of Dark Chocolate. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Costs of Compliance With the Renegotiation Act of 1951. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauper AR (2009) Effects of leadership training and networking opportunities on professional advancement: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2005) One-of-a-Kind Gifts, All Made by Hand. New York Times 14LI17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bakardjiev 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Schier 2001; Bakardjiev 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Schier 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Crawford et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Science Reviews
AbbreviationFire Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2193-0414

Other styles