How to format your references using the Fire Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burbine TH (2008) Planetary science. Identifying ancient asteroids. Science 320:457–458
A journal article with 2 authors
Maloy KJ, Powrie F (2011) Intestinal homeostasis and its breakdown in inflammatory bowel disease. Nature 474:298–306
A journal article with 3 authors
Sergio F, Newton I, Marchesi L (2005) Conservation: top predators and biodiversity. Nature 436:192
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Watanabe H, Vriens J, Prenen J, et al (2003) Anandamide and arachidonic acid use epoxyeicosatrienoic acids to activate TRPV4 channels. Nature 424:434–438

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kato T, Handwerker CA, Bath J (2016) Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Klartag B, Milman E (eds) (2014) Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar (GAFA) 2011-2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Youssef MK, Harris D, Rotheram-Borus MJ (2016) The Impact of Pediatric HIV on Families. In: Chenneville T (ed) A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–132

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Poo Transplants Can Eliminate Two Superbugs From The Gut: Mice Study. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Aviation Safety: FAA Is Considering Changes to Aviation Medical Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishna V (2008) Exploring organizational commitment from an organizational perspective: Organizational learning as a determinant of affective commitment in Indian software firms. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2016) Older Bonobos Could Sure Use Some Glasses. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burbine 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Burbine 2008; Maloy and Powrie 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maloy and Powrie 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Watanabe et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Science Reviews
AbbreviationFire Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2193-0414

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