How to format your references using the Fire Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirrenbach A (2007) Astronomy. Seeing the surfaces of stars. Science 317:325–326
A journal article with 2 authors
Maynard A, Rejeski D (2009) Too small to overlook. Nature 460:174
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang APP, Pigli YZ, Rice PA (2010) Structure of the LexA-DNA complex and implications for SOS box measurement. Nature 466:883–886
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Olmeta-Schult F, Segal LM, Tyner S, et al (2018) NextGen VOICES: Research resolutions. Science 359:26–28

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon A, Hernandez S (2016) The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
Sappa AD (2013) Multimodal Interaction in Image and Video Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Snickars F, Blaus J, Eriksson T, Reitberger G (2015) On the Economic and Social Impacts of University Research. In: Ullberg E (ed) New Perspectives on Internationalization and Competitiveness: Integrating Economics, Innovation and Higher Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Planet Earth Now Has A Flag. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Information Technology: Key Federal Agencies Need to Address Potentially Duplicative Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parhad A (2015) Energy scavenging using piezoelectric sensors to power in pavement intelligent vehicle detection systems. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) A Year of New Heights For the Dow, Led by Boeing. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quirrenbach 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Quirrenbach 2007; Maynard and Rejeski 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maynard and Rejeski 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Olmeta-Schult et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Science Reviews
AbbreviationFire Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2193-0414

Other styles