How to format your references using the Fire Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trevan T (2015) Biological research: Rethink biosafety. Nature 527:155–158
A journal article with 2 authors
Brochard-Wyart F, de Gennes PG (2003) Physics. How soft skin wrinkles. Science 300:441
A journal article with 3 authors
Bazin E, Glémin S, Galtier N (2006) Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals. Science 312:570–572
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fellay J, Thompson AJ, Ge D, et al (2010) ITPA gene variants protect against anaemia in patients treated for chronic hepatitis C. Nature 464:405–408

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin WC (2014) Wave Propagation in Drilling, Well Logging and Reservoir Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Meurer T, Graichen K, Gilles ED (eds) (2005) Control and Observer Design for Nonlinear Finite and Infinite Dimensional Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Alvim MS, Andrés ME, Palamidessi C (2010) Entropy and Attack Models in Information Flow. In: Calude CS, Sassone V (eds) Theoretical Computer Science: 6th IFIP TC 1/WG 2.2 International Conference, TCS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Questions You Should Ask Yourself Before Getting Cryogenically Frozen. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) An Empty Pump Down the Road? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cho Y (2013) Chinese restaurant business and Taiwanese pentecostalism in Southern California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) Book to Examine Trump-Russia Ties. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trevan 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Brochard-Wyart and de Gennes 2003; Trevan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brochard-Wyart and de Gennes 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fellay et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Science Reviews
AbbreviationFire Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2193-0414

Other styles