How to format your references using the Fire Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zastrow M (2015) Data visualization: science on the map. Nature 519:119–120
A journal article with 2 authors
Warner DA, Shine R (2008) The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile. Nature 451:566–568
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldreich P, Lithwick Y, Sari R (2002) Formation of Kuiper-belt binaries by dynamical friction and three-body encounters. Nature 420:643–646
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Favrin G, Bean DM, Bilsland E, et al (2013) Identification of novel modifiers of Aβ toxicity by transcriptomic analysis in the fruitfly. Sci Rep 3:3512

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli N, Balzani V, Serpone N (2013) Powering Planet Earth. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Güner-Özbek MD (ed) (2011) The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea: An Appraisal of the “Rotterdam Rules.” Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Patiño A, Romero M (2015) Identifying Pedagogical Uses of Serious Games for Learning English as a Second Language. In: De Gloria A (ed) Games and Learning Alliance: Third International Conference, GALA 2014, Bucharest, Romania, July 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 31–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Science Reviews.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Electrons Are Mysteriously Accelerated At The Edge Our Planet’s Magnetosphere. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) No Child Left Behind Act: More Information Would Help States Determine Which Teachers Are Highly Qualified. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kehoe MI (2008) Tobacco control: A qualitative assessment of the perceptions and practices of nurse practitioners. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) Using Tall Yellow Globes To Find Elusive Yellow Cabs. New York Times 148

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zastrow 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Warner and Shine 2008; Zastrow 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warner and Shine 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Favrin et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Science Reviews
AbbreviationFire Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2193-0414

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