How to format your references using the Dairy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer, G.I. Engineering. Cooling Energy-Hungry Data Centers. Science 2010, 328, 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watrin, E.; Peters, J.-M. Molecular Biology. How and When the Genome Sticks Together. Science 2007, 317, 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Locher, K.P.; Lee, A.T.; Rees, D.C. The E. Coli BtuCD Structure: A Framework for ABC Transporter Architecture and Mechanism. Science 2002, 296, 1091–1098.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujisawa, T.; Hayashi, T.; Tomita, R.; Hirayama, Y. Bidirectional Counting of Single Electrons. Science 2006, 312, 1634–1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silverstein, D.; Samuel, P.; Decarlo, N. The Innovator’s Toolkit; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; ISBN 9781118258316.
An edited book
Foundations of Sport-Related Brain Injuries; Slobounov, S., Sebastianelli, W., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; ISBN 9780387325644.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouchard, F. How Ecosystem Evolution Strengthens the Case for Functional Pluralism. In Functions: selection and mechanisms; Huneman, P., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 83–95 ISBN 9789400753037.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What The Tim Hunt Brouhaha Shows About How Junior And Senior Academic Voices Are Heard Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Proposed Procedure for Access by GAO to Records of Students in the Murphy School District; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisko, P. Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. Gonzaga Gets Closer to an Elusive Berth. New York Times 2017, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy
ISSN (online)0001-0001

Other styles