How to format your references using the Dairy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. UK advised to step up asteroid hunt. Nature 2000, 407, 275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klausberger, T.; Somogyi, P. Neuronal diversity and temporal dynamics: the unity of hippocampal circuit operations. Science 2008, 321, 53–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charpinet, S.; Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P. Seismic evidence for the loss of stellar angular momentum before the white-dwarf stage. Nature 2009, 461, 501–503.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blunt, M.O.; Russell, J.C.; Giménez-López, M.D.C.; Garrahan, J.P.; Lin, X.; Schröder, M.; Champness, N.R.; Beton, P.H. Random tiling and topological defects in a two-dimensional molecular network. Science 2008, 322, 1077–1081.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, C. Fibonacci Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118531587.
An edited book
Krishnan, S.P.T. Building Your Next Big Thing with Google Cloud Platform: A Guide for Developers and Enterprise Architects; Gonzalez, J.L.U., Ed.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2015; ISBN 9781484210055.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakov, P. Web as a Corpus: Going Beyond the n-gram. In Information Retrieval: 8th Russian Summer School, RuSSIR 2014, Nizhniy, Novgorod, Russia, August 18-22, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Braslavski, P., Karpov, N., Worring, M., Volkovich, Y., Ignatov, D.I., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 185–228 ISBN 9783319254845.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Kids Who Watch Porn Won’t Necessarily Turn Into Sex Offenders Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Examination of Possible “Buy-In” by Garrett AiResearch; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phillips, T.L. “Outsider Within” Narratives of Diversity Leadership: An Exploratory Case Study of Executive Women of Color. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.; Mueller, B.; Rojas, R. Witness Says Clash Over Witchcraft Preceded a Teenager’s Fatal Beating. New York Times 2015, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy
ISSN (online)0001-0001

Other styles