How to format your references using the Dairy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berthoud, H.-R. Medicine. Why Does Gastric Bypass Surgery Work? Science 2013, 341, 351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm, S.L.; van Aarde, R.J. African Elephants and Contraception. Nature 2001, 411, 766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kessler, A.; Halitschke, R.; Baldwin, I.T. Silencing the Jasmonate Cascade: Induced Plant Defenses and Insect Populations. Science 2004, 305, 665–668.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kwiek, N.C.; Halpin, M.J.; Reiter, J.P.; Hoeffler, L.A.; Schwartz-Bloom, R.D. Relevance. Pharmacology in the High-School Classroom. Science 2007, 317, 1871–1872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park, S.; Guille-Escuret, G. Sociobiology vs Socioecology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119427377.
An edited book
Corporate Entrepreneurship and Venturing; Elfring, T., Ed.; International Studies in Entrepreneurship; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; Vol. 10; ISBN 9780387249384.
A chapter in an edited book
Heredia, V.M.; Urrutia, J. On Convex Quadrangulations of Point Sets on the Plane. In Discrete Geometry, Combinatorics and Graph Theory: 7th China-Japan Conference, CJCDGCGT 2005, Tianjin, China, November 18-20, 2005, Xi’an, China, November 22-24, 2005, Revised Selected Papers; Akiyama, J., Chen, W.Y.C., Kano, M., Li, X., Yu, Q., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 38–46 ISBN 9783540706656.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy.

Blog post
Davis, J. Dramatic Jump Of Global Temperature In 2016 Has Shocked Scientists Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Advanced Automation System Contract; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, T.J. Performance and Leadership in Multiplayer Online Gaming. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R.; Cooper, H. Islamic State Leader Is Still at Large, Defense Secretary Says. New York Times 2017, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy
ISSN (online)0001-0001

Other styles