How to format your references using the Dairy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kolodner, R.D. Guarding against mutation. Nature 2000, 407, 687, 689.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsymbal, E.Y.; Kohlstedt, H. Applied physics. Tunneling across a ferroelectric. Science 2006, 313, 181–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayukawa, T.; Tateishi, K.; Shinoda, T. Establishment of a versatile cell line for juvenile hormone signaling analysis in Tribolium castaneum. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1570.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Balsam, L.B.; Wagers, A.J.; Christensen, J.L.; Kofidis, T.; Weissman, I.L.; Robbins, R.C. Haematopoietic stem cells adopt mature haematopoietic fates in ischaemic myocardium. Nature 2004, 428, 668–673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andresen, R.; Oades, L.G.; Caputi, P. Psychological Recovery; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781119975182.
An edited book
Biomarkers in Cancer; Preedy, V.R., Patel, V.B., Eds.; Biomarkers in Disease: Methods, Discoveries and Applications; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2015; ISBN 9789400776807.
A chapter in an edited book
Dillard, J.; Brown, J. Taking Pluralism Seriously Within an Ethic of Accountability. In Accounting for the Public Interest: Perspectives on Accountability, Professionalism and Role in Society; Mintz, S., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp. 75–90 ISBN 9789400770812.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Drunken Monkeys? Only Humans Really Don’t Know When They’ve Had Enough (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Airspace System: Persistent Problems in FAA’s New Navigation System Highlight Need for Periodic Reevaluation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelser, C.R. Interpretation of Aaron Copland’s Duo for Flute and Piano. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. S.&P. Says Cost to Care For Elderly Will Spiral. New York Times 2010, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy
ISSN (online)0001-0001

Other styles