How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seehausen, O., 2015. Evolution: Beauty varies with the light. Nature 521, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, W., Li, W., 2014. Structural insights into ubiquinone biosynthesis in membranes. Science 343, 878–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P.J., Jasny, B.R., Mervis, J., 2009. Adding a T to the three R’s. Education & technology. Introduction. Science 323, 53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawamura, T., Suzuki, J., Wang, Y.V., Menendez, S., Morera, L.B., Raya, A., Wahl, G.M., Izpisúa Belmonte, J.C., 2009. Linking the p53 tumour suppressor pathway to somatic cell reprogramming. Nature 460, 1140–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., Souchet, D., 2014. Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Khulbe, K.C., 2008. Synthetic Polymeric Membranes: Characterization by Atomic Force Microscopy, Springer Laboratory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mokhlespour, S., Haverkort, J.E.M., Slepyan, G.Y., Maksimenko, S.A., Hoffmann, A., 2016. Quantum Dot Lattice as Nano-Antenna for Collective Spontaneous Emission, in: Maffucci, A., Maksimenko, S.A. (Eds.), Fundamental and Applied Nano-Electromagnetics, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part B.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. “Dead Hearts” Successfully Transplanted For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Highway Safety Research and Development--Better Management Can Make It More Useful (No. CED-80-87). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tegtmeier, T., 2009. Science-related attitudes of urban middle school students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. How a Network Missed Out On the Weinstein Exposé. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seehausen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cheng and Li, 2014; Seehausen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Li, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawamura et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part B
AbbreviationTrans. Res. Part B: Methodol.
ISSN (print)0191-2615
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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