How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, E.J., 2011. Antarctica: Turning the world upside down. Nature 480, 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Girguis, P.R., Lee, R.W., 2006. Thermal preference and tolerance of alvinellids. Science 312, 231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd, R., Gintis, H., Bowles, S., 2010. Coordinated punishment of defectors sustains cooperation and can proliferate when rare. Science 328, 617–620.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cui, Z., Feng, R., Jacobs, S., Duan, Y., Wang, H., Cao, X., Tsien, J.Z., 2013. Increased NR2A:NR2B ratio compresses long-term depression range and constrains long-term memory. Sci. Rep. 3, 1036.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coussy, O., 2005. Poromechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nick, P., Opatrny, Z. (Eds.), 2014. Applied Plant Cell Biology: Cellular Tools and Approaches for Plant Biotechnology, Plant Cell Monographs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
De Petro, P., Battiston, B., Matteotti, R., Petraz, M., Molino, D., 2016. Omero: diafisi, in: Faletti, C. (Ed.), Traumatologia Scheletrica: Imaging Integrato Clinico-Radiologico. Springer, Milano, pp. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part B.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Virgin Galactic Flies Again Two Years After Devastating Crash [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies’ Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food (No. GAO-09-649). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripputi, M.T., 2009. Use of mediation in designing clinical trials with two primary endpoints (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. Illinois Plan For Pensions Questioned. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Girguis and Lee, 2006; Larson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Girguis and Lee, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Cui et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part B
AbbreviationTrans. Res. Part B: Methodol.
ISSN (print)0191-2615
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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