How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ter Meulen, V., 2014. Time to settle the synthetic controversy. Nature 509, 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedwig, B., Poulet, J.F.A., 2004. Complex auditory behaviour emerges from simple reactive steering. Nature 430, 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dieterich, J., Cayol, V., Okubo, P., 2000. The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature 408, 457–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okamoto, H., Eguchi, R., Hamao, S., Goto, H., Gotoh, K., Sakai, Y., Izumi, M., Takaguchi, Y., Gohda, S., Kubozono, Y., 2014. An extended phenacene-type molecule, [8]phenacene: synthesis and transistor application. Sci. Rep. 4, 5330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schorn, C., Taylor, B., 2004. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Schutz, A., 2011. Collected Papers V. Phenomenology and the Social Sciences, Phaenomenologica, Published Under the Auspices of the Husserl-Archives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Malawer, M.M., Kellar-Graney, K.L., 2011. Tumors of the Musculoskeletal System, in: Wiesel, S.W., Delahay, J.N. (Eds.), Essentials of Orthopedic Surgery. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 99–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part B.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Dog Brains Process Human Speech In The Same Way We Do [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s Role in Major Airport Noise Programs (No. RCED-00-98). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guarin, Y., 2017. A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2006. High Mountain Hiking With a Golden Reward. New York Times F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (ter Meulen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hedwig and Poulet, 2004; ter Meulen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedwig and Poulet, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part B
AbbreviationTrans. Res. Part B: Methodol.
ISSN (print)0191-2615
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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