How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitfield, J., 2003. Alien-hunters get scope to search. Nature 422, 249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knox, A.L., Brown, N.H., 2002. Rap1 GTPase regulation of adherens junction positioning and cell adhesion. Science 295, 1285–1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, P., Cohen, R.E., Haule, K., 2015. Effects of electron correlations on transport properties of iron at Earth’s core conditions. Nature 517, 605–607.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jourdie, V., Moureau, B., Bennett, A.T.D., Heeb, P., 2004. Ecology: ultraviolet reflectance by the skin of nestlings. Nature 431, 262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, S., Tobias, K., 2012. Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Holovaty, A., 2008. The Definitive Guide to Django: Web Development Done Right. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh Saharan, G., Mehta, N., Meena, P.D., 2016. Epidemiology and Forecasting, in: Mehta, N., Meena, P.D. (Eds.), Alternaria Diseases of Crucifers: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management. Springer, Singapore, pp. 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part B.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. New Study Lights Up The Dark Web Drugs Markets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Taken Steps to Analyze Canine Team Data and Assess the Effectiveness of Passenger Screening Canines (No. GAO-14-695T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak, A., 2013. Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., Kitsantonis, N., 2017. European Union Sets $9.5 Billion Agreement On Huge Greek Debt. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whitfield, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knox and Brown, 2002; Whitfield, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knox and Brown, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jourdie et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part B
AbbreviationTrans. Res. Part B: Methodol.
ISSN (print)0191-2615
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

Other styles