How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Al-Gazali, L., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Human genome sequencing: celebrating 10 years. Science 331, 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thébault, E., Fontaine, C., 2010. Stability of ecological communities and the architecture of mutualistic and trophic networks. Science 329, 853–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Dickinson, R.E., Liang, S., 2009. Clear sky visibility has decreased over land globally from 1973 to 2007. Science 323, 1468–1470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Poptsova, M.S., Il’icheva, I.A., Nechipurenko, D.Y., Panchenko, L.A., Khodikov, M.V., Oparina, N.Y., Polozov, R.V., Nechipurenko, Y.D., Grokhovsky, S.L., 2014. Non-random DNA fragmentation in next-generation sequencing. Sci. Rep. 4, 4532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, C., Fincham, B., 2011. Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Devonshire-Ellis, C., Scott, A., Woollard, S. (Eds.), 2011. Mergers & Acquisitions in China, China Briefing, The Practical Application of China Business. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Besold, T.R., Kühnberger, K.-U., Garcez, A.D., Saffiotti, A., Fischer, M.H., Bundy, A., 2015. Anchoring Knowledge in Interaction: Towards a Harmonic Subsymbolic/Symbolic Framework and Architecture of Computational Cognition, in: Bieger, J., Goertzel, B., Potapov, A. (Eds.), Artificial General Intelligence: 8th International Conference, AGI 2015, AGI 2015, Berlin, Germany, July 22-25, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part B.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Source Of Black Hole Jets Revealed For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Information Technology: FDA Has Taken Steps to Address Challenges but Needs a Comprehensive Strategic Plan (No. GAO-16-182). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, M., 2009. Perception of Latino students by teachers and counselors in the educational system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2017. E.U. Moves to Set Up Military Training. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Al-Gazali, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Al-Gazali, 2011; Thébault and Fontaine, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thébault and Fontaine, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Poptsova et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part B
AbbreviationTrans. Res. Part B: Methodol.
ISSN (print)0191-2615
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research

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