How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice TM (2002) Quantum mechanics. To condense or not to condense. Science 298:760–761
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen A, Sooryakumar R (2013) Patterned time-orbiting potentials for the confinement and assembly of magnetic dipoles. Sci Rep 3:3124
A journal article with 3 authors
Georgellis D, Kwon O, Lin EC (2001) Quinones as the redox signal for the arc two-component system of bacteria. Science 292:2314–2316
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Budanov AV, Sablina AA, Feinstein E, et al (2004) Regeneration of peroxiredoxins by p53-regulated sestrins, homologs of bacterial AhpD. Science 304:596–600

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewe PJ, O’Driscoll MP, Cooper CL (2010) Coping with Work Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Shayler DJ (2016) The Hubble Space Telescope: From Concept to Success. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Großgasteiger F, Akinalp C (2013) Lying in Group-Communication in El-Farol-Games Patterns of Successful Manipulation. In: Meesad P, Unger H, Boonkrong S (eds) The 9th International Conference on Computing and InformationTechnology (IC2IT2013): 9th-10th May 2013 King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 9–18

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) How To Watch The Rare Zodiacal Light This Month. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Efforts to Strengthen Its Enforcement Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuls M (2012) Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2009) Antiques Dealers Still Scoring Big Sales. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rice 2002; Chen and Sooryakumar 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Sooryakumar 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Budanov et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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