How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turchin P (2008) Arise “cliodynamics.” Nature 454:34–35
A journal article with 2 authors
Forrest WF, Cavet G (2007) Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.” Science 317:1500; author reply 1500
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhuime B, Hawkesworth C, Cawood P (2011) Geochemistry. When continents formed. Science 331:154–155
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Choi H-J, Choi J-S, Park B-J, et al (2014) Enhanced transparency, mechanical durability, and antibacterial activity of zinc nanoparticles on glass substrate. Sci Rep 4:6271

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raczynski S (2006) Modeling and Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England
An edited book
Grimbizis GF, Campo R, Tarlatzis BC, Gordts S (eds) (2015) Female Genital Tract Congenital Malformations: Classification, Diagnosis and Management. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Kirschbaum M, Plos T (2014) Hardware and VLSI Designs. In: Markantonakis K, Mayes K (eds) Secure Smart Embedded Devices, Platforms and Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp 95–116

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Neanderthals May Have Held Fiery Funerals For Their Dead. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward D (2014) Teaching with the End in Mind: A Teacher’s Life History as a Legacy of Educational Leaders. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wassener B, Hui M (2013) Hong Kong Rents Push Out Mom and Pop Stores. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turchin 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Forrest and Cavet 2007; Turchin 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Forrest and Cavet 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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