How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jokipii JR (2007) Planetary science. A local wiggle in the turbulent interstellar magnetic field. Science 316:839–840
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts DL, Solow AR (2003) Flightless birds: when did the dodo become extinct? Nature 426:245
A journal article with 3 authors
Murakami S, Nagaosa N, Zhang S-C (2003) Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature. Science 301:1348–1351
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang K, Graf D, Li L, et al (2014) Anisotropic giant magnetoresistance in NbSb2. Sci Rep 4:7328

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sab K, Lebée A (2015) Homogenization of Heterogeneous Thin and Thick Plates. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sun X, Liu A, Chao H-C, Bertino E (eds) (2016) Cloud Computing and Security: Second International Conference, ICCCS 2016, Nanjing, China, July 29-31, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Besenbacher S, Schwikowski B, Stoye J (2010) Indexing and Searching a Mass Spectrometry Database. In: Elomaa T, Mannila H, Orponen P (eds) Algorithms and Applications: Essays Dedicated to Esko Ukkonen on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 62–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) This “Frankenstein” Galaxy Is Made Up Of Bits Of Other Galaxies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Deaf/Blind Children and the Centers Serving Them. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pappenfus BJ (2013) How frequency of change within organizations affects burnout of human resource professionals. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman M, Landler M (2017) In Paris, Trump Stands by His Son and Praises Macron. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jokipii 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Roberts and Solow 2003; Jokipii 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Solow 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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