How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts B (2012) The breakthroughs of 2012. Science 338:1511
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai SA, Miller LH (2014) Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated. Nature 511:541–542
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons TW, Reinhard CT, Planavsky NJ (2014) The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere. Nature 506:307–315
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hattori D, Chen Y, Matthews BJ, et al (2009) Robust discrimination between self and non-self neurites requires thousands of Dscam1 isoforms. Nature 461:644–648

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan TR, Bala Tripura Sundari B (2005) Design Through Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Johnson FE, Maehara Y, Browman GP, et al (eds) (2013) Patient Surveillance After Cancer Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Schöberl M, Siuka A (2013) Modelling and Control of Infinite-Dimensional Mechanical Systems: A Port-Hamiltonian Approach. In: Gattringer H, Gerstmayr J (eds) Multibody System Dynamics, Robotics and Control. Springer, Vienna, pp 75–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Ant-Nest Beetles Reveal Evolution In Action. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Maritime Industry: Federal Assessments Levied on Commercial Vessels. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper T (2009) Biting Animals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2007) In a Word, Fabulous. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alberts 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Alberts 2012; Desai and Miller 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Desai and Miller 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hattori et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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