How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hill F (2007) ASTRONOMY. Waves in the Sun’s core. Science 316:1573–1574
A journal article with 2 authors
Chatterjee S, Callaway EM (2003) Parallel colour-opponent pathways to primary visual cortex. Nature 426:668–671
A journal article with 3 authors
Song J, Ji C, Zhang JZH (2013) Unveiling the gating mechanism of ECF transporter RibU. Sci Rep 3:3566
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wolan DW, Zorn JA, Gray DC, Wells JA (2009) Small-molecule activators of a proenzyme. Science 326:853–858

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steele D (2011) From Therapist to Coach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mély Y, Duportail G (eds) (2013) Fluorescent Methods to Study Biological Membranes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Williams JS, de M. Azevedo G, Bernas H, Fortuna F (2010) Ion-Beam-Induced Amorphization and Epitaxial Crystallization of Silicon. In: Bernas H (ed) Materials Science with Ion Beams. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Go West Young Tree – Climate Change Moves Forests In Unexpected Direction. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Advanced Reactor Research: DOE Supports Multiple Technologies, but Actions Needed to Ensure a Prototype Is Built. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson YM (2019) Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J (2017) University Presses. New York Times BR27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hill 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chatterjee and Callaway 2003; Hill 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chatterjee and Callaway 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wolan et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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