How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mukhopadhyay S (2012) Early differentiation and volatile accretion recorded in deep-mantle neon and xenon. Nature 486:101–104
A journal article with 2 authors
Righelato R, Spracklen DV (2007) Environment. Carbon mitigation by biofuels or by saving and restoring forests? Science 317:902
A journal article with 3 authors
Armstrong AA, Mohideen F, Lima CD (2012) Recognition of SUMO-modified PCNA requires tandem receptor motifs in Srs2. Nature 483:59–63
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kolbe JJ, Glor RE, Rodríguez Schettino L, et al (2004) Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard. Nature 431:177–181

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni S, Harman G (2011) An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Taylor IJ, Deelman E, Gannon DB, Shields M (eds) (2007) Workflows for e-Science: Scientific Workflows for Grids. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Eisfeld B (2005) Turbulence Models in FLOWer. In: Kroll N, Fassbender JK (eds) MEGAFLOW - Numerical Flow Simulation for Aircraft Design: Results of the second phase of the German CFD initiative MEGAFLOW, presented during its closing symposium at DLR, Braunschweig, Germany, December 10 and 11, 2002. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Bionic Leaf Uses Bacteria To Convert Sunlight Into Fuel. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Review of Training Grant Awarded to the University of California at Los Angeles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer TH (2008) Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Cabrera Puts End to Wild Game With 1 1th-Inning Homer. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mukhopadhyay 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Righelato and Spracklen 2007; Mukhopadhyay 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Righelato and Spracklen 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolbe et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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