How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S (2011) Food: The omnivore’s labyrinth. Nature 471:S22-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacque J-M, Stevenson M (2006) The inner-nuclear-envelope protein emerin regulates HIV-1 infectivity. Nature 441:641–645
A journal article with 3 authors
Amunts A, Drory O, Nelson N (2007) The structure of a plant photosystem I supercomplex at 3.4 A resolution. Nature 447:58–63
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang J-J, Lv A-F, Wang Y-Q, et al (2013) Integrated prototype nanodevices via SnO₂ nanoparticles decorated SnSe nanosheets. Sci Rep 3:2613

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pettit J (2017) The Final Frontier. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Papanikolaou A, Soudris D, Radojcic R (eds) (2011) Three Dimensional System Integration: IC Stacking Process and Design. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Moore N (2014) Me to We. In: Asabere-Ameyaw A, Anamuah-Mensah J, Dei GS, Raheem K (eds) Indigenist African Development and Related Issues: Towards a Transdisciplinary Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 49–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) ‘Feathering’ Descent System Deployed Early in Fatal Virgin Galactic Crash. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) GAO’s Authority for Involvement in Science and Technology Policy Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim SA (2009) Development of an age-appropriate, facility-specific nutrition screening and assessment tool for the elderly. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shpigel B (2016) Fighting It Out in a Race for the Perfect Wheelchair. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jacque and Stevenson 2006; DeWeerdt 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacque and Stevenson 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Fin.
ISSN (print)1055-0925
ISSN (online)1938-9744
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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