How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Urquhart K. European research. Directive could give postdocs permanency. Science 2002;298:724.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gehring WJ, Willoughby AR. The medial frontal cortex and the rapid processing of monetary gains and losses. Science 2002;295:2279–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schmitz D, Mellor J, Nicoll RA. Presynaptic kainate receptor mediation of frequency facilitation at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Science 2001;291:1972–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Svetovoy VB, Sanders RGP, Ma K, Elwenspoek MC. New type of microengine using internal combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. Sci Rep 2014;4:4296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Manuele FA. Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Younes A, Coiffier B, editors. Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. vol. 43. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hurst CS, Eby LT. Mentoring in Organizations: Mentor or Tormentor? In: Reilly NP, Sirgy MJ, Gorman CA, editors. Work and Quality of Life: Ethical Practices in Organizations, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. New Method Could Help Us Find Life On Other Worlds. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Working Capital Funds: Three Agency Perspectives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hernandez I. Strong-DISM: A First Attempt to a Dynamically Typed Assembly Language (D-TAL). Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gorman J. The Call of the Wild. New York Times 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
ISSN (print)2090-7303
Scope

Other styles