How to format your references using the Fly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McSwain MV. Astrophysics: Black hole found orbiting a fast rotator. Nature 2014; 505:296–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gribble PL, Scott SH. Overlap of internal models in motor cortex for mechanical loads during reaching. Nature 2002; 417:938–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Taguchi A, Wartschow LM, White MF. Brain IRS2 signaling coordinates life span and nutrient homeostasis. Science 2007; 317:369–72.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Arnalds O, Thorarinsdottir EF, Thorsson J, Waldhauserova PD, Agustsdottir AM. An extreme wind erosion event of the fresh Eyjafjallajökull 2010 volcanic ash. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stewart R. Plautus and Roman Slavery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Javidi B, Fournel T, editors. Information Optics and Photonics: Algorithms, Systems, and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Klemm R, Klemm D. Gold Production Sites and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt. In: Klemm D, editor. Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia: Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. page 51–339.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fly.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. The Winners And Losers At This Year’s Global Wildlife Summit [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-winners-and-losers-at-this-years-global-wildlife-summit/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. An Approach to the Audit of Research and Development Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ho T. The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dinardo K. An Orangutan Expert Advises Visiting Now. New York Times2016; :TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFly
AbbreviationFly (Austin)
ISSN (print)1933-6934
ISSN (online)1933-6942
ScopeInsect Science

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