How to format your references using the Fly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mace GM. Ecology. Whose conservation? Science 2014; 345:1558–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gut P, Verdin E. The nexus of chromatin regulation and intermediary metabolism. Nature 2013; 502:489–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Azuma S, Katayama I, Nakakuki T. Rheological decoupling at the Moho and implication to Venusian tectonics. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4403.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Royant A, Edman K, Ursby T, Pebay-Peyroula E, Landau EM, Neutze R. Helix deformation is coupled to vectorial proton transport in the photocycle of bacteriorhodopsin. Nature 2000; 406:645–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM. Controllership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Geddes CD, Lakowicz JR, editors. Who’s Who in Fluorescence 2006. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fernandez C. Treatment of Wilms Tumor in the Children’s Oncology Group. In: Pritchard-Jones K, Dome JS, editors. Renal Tumors of Childhood: Biology and Therapy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. page 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fly.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. It’s A Busy Month For Asteroids Flying Past Earth [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/its-a-busy-month-for-asteroids-flying-past-earth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Credit Bureau Reporting Practices by Guaranty Agencies and Lenders. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yahil RJ. The role of interleukin-19 in interleukin-10 production by regulatory macrophages. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. THE TRANSITION: The President-Elect; CLINTON, SKETCHING PLAN FOR ECONOMY, COUNSELS PATIENCE. New York Times1992; :A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFly
AbbreviationFly (Austin)
ISSN (print)1933-6934
ISSN (online)1933-6942
ScopeInsect Science

Other styles