How to format your references using the Geoenvironmental Disasters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoenvironmental Disasters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paddock, Steve. 2002. Tech.Sight. Optical sectioning--slices of life. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1319–1321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruxin, Josh, and Antoinette Habinshuti. 2011. Crowd control in Rwanda. Nature 474: 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tenenbaum, J. B., V. de Silva, and J. C. Langford. 2000. A global geometric framework for nonlinear dimensionality reduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 290: 2319–2323.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mueller, Scott N., Karoline A. Hosiawa-Meagher, Bogumila T. Konieczny, Brandon M. Sullivan, Martin F. Bachmann, Richard M. Locksley, Rafi Ahmed, and Mehrdad Matloubian. 2007. Regulation of homeostatic chemokine expression and cell trafficking during immune responses. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 670–674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossiter, Alan. 2008. Professional Excellence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Proulx, Tom, ed. 2011. Nonlinear Modeling and Applications, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 28th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2010. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ballmer, Greg. 2015. Pursued by Adrenalin, in Pursuit of Dopamine. In The Lives of Lepidopterists, ed. Lee A. Dyer and Matthew L. Forister, 41–48. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoenvironmental Disasters.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. Patients Diagnosed With Drug-Resistant Malaria In The UK For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 31.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Air Traffic Control: Observations on Proposed Corporation. T-RCED-94-210. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sweeney, Mark T. 2010. Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare treatment outcomes: Wediko Children’s Services short-term residential treatment program. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, Monica, and Mary Williams Walsh. 2013. For Detroit, a Crisis Born of Bad Decisions and Crossed Fingers. New York Times, March 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paddock 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Paddock 2002; Ruxin and Habinshuti 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruxin and Habinshuti 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mueller et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoenvironmental Disasters
ISSN (online)2197-8670

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