How to format your references using the Geoenvironmental Disasters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoenvironmental Disasters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, Brandon R. 2003. Neurophysiology: Sensing temperature without ion channels. Nature 421: 495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cafaro, Jon, and Fred Rieke. 2010. Noise correlations improve response fidelity and stimulus encoding. Nature 468: 964–967.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelley, A. M., X. Michalet, and S. Weiss. 2001. Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1671–1672.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zepik, Helmut, Edna Shavit, Mao Tang, Torben R. Jensen, Kristian Kjaer, Gérard Bolbach, Leslie Leiserowitz, Isabelle Weissbuch, and Meir Lahav. 2002. Chiral amplification of oligopeptides in two-dimensional crystalline self-assemblies on water. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1266–1269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
French, Mark, Csaba Szepesvári, and Eric Rogers. 2005. Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hayat, M. A., ed. 2009. Gastrointestinal Carcinoma. Vol. 3. Methods of Cancer Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prognosis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fuller, Benjamin, and Ariel Hamlin. 2015. Unifying Leakage Classes: Simulatable Leakage and Pseudoentropy. In Information Theoretic Security: 8th International Conference, ICITS 2015, Lugano, Switzerland, May 2-5, 2015. Proceedings, ed. Anja Lehmann and Stefan Wolf, 69–86. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoenvironmental Disasters.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Forming Star Resembles Solar System’s Early Days. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Are Likely to Limit Identification of Similar Research. GAO-05-759T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahlhut, Conor William. 2012. Aerodynamic design optimization of proprotors for convertible-rotor concepts. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. When the Fire Fades. New York Times, May 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brown 2003; Cafaro and Rieke 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cafaro and Rieke 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zepik et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoenvironmental Disasters
ISSN (online)2197-8670

Other styles