How to format your references using the Geoenvironmental Disasters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoenvironmental Disasters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, Jie. 2014. Developing excellence: Chinese university reform in three steps. Nature 514: 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lerman, Joshua, and Bernhard O. Palsson. 2010. Microbiology. Topping off a multiscale balancing act. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 1058–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henry, Gary T., C. Kevin Fortner, and Kevin C. Bastian. 2012. The effects of experience and attrition for novice high-school science and mathematics teachers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 1118–1121.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Song, Ji-Joon, Stephanie K. Smith, Gregory J. Hannon, and Leemor Joshua-Tor. 2004. Crystal structure of Argonaute and its implications for RISC slicer activity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305: 1434–1437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaplan, Wilfred. 1998. Maxima and Minima with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tan, Ying, Yuhui Shi, and Kay Chen Tan, ed. 2010. Advances in Swarm Intelligence: First International Conference, ICSI 2010, Beijing, China, June 12-15, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 6146. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheli, Federico, and Giorgio Diana. 2015. Dynamical Systems Subjected to Force Fields. In Advanced Dynamics of Mechanical Systems, ed. Giorgio Diana, 413–553. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoenvironmental Disasters.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Why Are Humans Unique? It’s The Small Things That Count. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 4.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. NASA: More Knowledge Needed to Determine Best Alternatives to Provide Space Station Logistics Support. GAO-05-488. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schreiber, Jacob S. 2016. Discursive constructions of decline: Narratives of illness and financial stress among residents in assisted living. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Says Bush Is Afraid Of Debating “Man to Man.” New York Times, September 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lerman and Palsson 2010; Zhang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lerman and Palsson 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoenvironmental Disasters
ISSN (online)2197-8670

Other styles