How to format your references using the Geoenvironmental Disasters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoenvironmental Disasters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Proud, Christopher G. 2007. Cell signaling. mTOR, unleashed. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 926–927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsuda, Noriyuki, and Keiji Tanaka. 2015. Cell biology: Tagged tags engage disposal. Nature 524: 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Echtay, K. S., E. Winkler, and M. Klingenberg. 2000. Coenzyme Q is an obligatory cofactor for uncoupling protein function. Nature 408: 609–613.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Roos-Serote, M., A. R. Vasavada, L. Kamp, P. Drossart, P. Irwin, C. Nixon, and R. W. Carlson. 2000. Proximate humid and dry regions in Jupiter’s atmosphere indicate complex local meteorology. Nature 405: 158–160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1995. Guidelines for Technical Planning for on-site Emergencies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Christianson, Bruce, Bruno Crispo, James A. Malcolm, and Michael Roe, ed. 2007. Security Protocols: 13th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 20-22, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 4631. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Visone, Tommaso. 2016. Cosmopolitanism and Europe: An Original Encounter in the Thirties (1929–1939). In Cosmopolitanism: Educational, Philosophical and Historical Perspectives, ed. Marianna Papastephanou, 65–76. Contemporary Philosophies and Theories in Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoenvironmental Disasters.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. No, The CDC Did Not Apologize And Say The Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. JFMIP News: A Newsletter for Government Financial Managers, Fall 1997, Vol. 9, No. 3. 159627. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall, Jennifer Anne. 2008. Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. Remembering the Phonograph. New York Times, July 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Proud 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Proud 2007; Matsuda and Tanaka 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsuda and Tanaka 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Roos-Serote et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoenvironmental Disasters
ISSN (online)2197-8670

Other styles