How to format your references using the Geoenvironmental Disasters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoenvironmental Disasters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirschvink, Joseph L. 2014. Sensory biology: Radio waves zap the biomagnetic compass. Nature 509: 296–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen, Søren Tvorup, and Carolyn Marie Ott. 2007. Cell signaling. A ciliary signaling switch. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 330–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knauth, L. Paul, Donald M. Burt, and Kenneth H. Wohletz. 2005. Impact origin of sediments at the Opportunity landing site on Mars. Nature 438: 1123–1128.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Attwood, Benjamin K., Julie-Myrtille Bourgognon, Satyam Patel, Mariusz Mucha, Emanuele Schiavon, Anna E. Skrzypiec, Kenneth W. Young, et al. 2011. Neuropsin cleaves EphB2 in the amygdala to control anxiety. Nature 473: 372–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey, Edmund. 2011. Neonatal Formulary 6. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Wojtaszek, Przemyslaw, ed. 2011. Mechanical Integration of Plant Cells and Plants. First. Vol. 9. Signaling and Communication in Plants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Platoš, Jan, Petr Gajdoš, Pavel Krömer, and Václav Snášel. 2010. Non-negative Matrix Factorization on GPU. In Networked Digital Technologies: Second International Conference, NDT 2010, Prague, Czech Republic, July 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Part I, ed. Filip Zavoral, Jakub Yaghob, Pit Pichappan, and Eyas El-Qawasmeh, 21–30. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoenvironmental Disasters.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How Understanding Breast Cancer At A Molecular Level Is Revolutionising Our Thinking. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Systems: VA Actions to Improve Management of Information Resources. IMTEC-89-24. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matta Veera Venkata, Sudheer. 2015. Ensuring security and authentication using zero knowledge protocol in wireless sensor network applications. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Waldstein, David. 2016. Cleveland’s Renaissance Reaches the World Series. New York Times, October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirschvink 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen and Ott 2007; Kirschvink 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Christensen and Ott 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Attwood et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoenvironmental Disasters
ISSN (online)2197-8670

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