How to format your references using the Geoenvironmental Disasters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoenvironmental Disasters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. 2012. Pregnancy: Delivery from breast cancer. Nature 485: S54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burgisser, Alain, and Bruno Scaillet. 2007. Redox evolution of a degassing magma rising to the surface. Nature 445: 194–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dicke, Marcel, Joop J. A. van Loon, and Peter W. de Jong. 2004. Ecology. Ecogenomics benefits community ecology. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305: 618–619.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Guo, H. F., J. Tong, F. Hannan, L. Luo, and Y. Zhong. 2000. A neurofibromatosis-1-regulated pathway is required for learning in Drosophila. Nature 403: 895–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, Michael C., and Mark W. Guthner. 2016. The Options Edge + Free Trial. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zäpfel, Günther. 2010. Metaheuristic Search Concepts: A Tutorial with Applications to Production and Logistics. Edited by Roland Braune and Michael Bögl. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Matricon, Julien, and Andrea Giuffrida. 2013. Cannabinoid Modulation of Dopaminergic Circuits in Neurodegenerative and Neuropsychiatric Disorders. In Endocannabinoid Regulation of Monoamines in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders, ed. Elisabeth J. Van Bockstaele, 73–101. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoenvironmental Disasters.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. Brain Samples Of Nazi Victims Found In Major German Research Institute. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Uncertainties Surrounding IRS’ Fiscal Year 1992 Budget Request for Tax System Modernization. T-IMTEC-91-4. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shore, Lesley Anne. 2014. The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness. Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil. 2016. Putin Tightens His Grip on Russia’s Parliament With an Election Rout. New York Times, September 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Burgisser and Scaillet 2007; Eisenstein 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burgisser and Scaillet 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoenvironmental Disasters
ISSN (online)2197-8670

Other styles