How to format your references using the Fluid Phase Equilibria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Phase Equilibria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Eisenstein, Taste: More than meets the mouth, Nature. 468 (2010) S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Belkaid, J.A. Segre, Dialogue between skin microbiota and immunity, Science. 346 (2014) 954–959.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Yu, L. Huang, L. Cao, Semiconductor solar superabsorbers, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4107.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.R. Showalter, A.F. Cheng, H.A. Weaver, S.A. Stern, J.R. Spencer, H.B. Throop, E.M. Birath, D. Rose, J.M. Moore, Clump detections and limits on moons in Jupiter’s ring system, Science. 318 (2007) 232–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Sadr, Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
V. Katsoni, ed., Cultural Tourism in a Digital Era: First International Conference IACuDiT, Athens, 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
B.J. West, Control from an Allometric Perspective, in: D. Sternad (Ed.), Progress in Motor Control: A Multidisciplinary Perspective, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 57–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Phase Equilibria.

Blog post
T. Hale, Can You Spot The Mistake In This Simple Viral Puzzle?, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.N. Falcone, For Pets’ Sake: Is There a Need for Dog Safety Community Education?, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Excuses, Excuses and Style Points for Alibis, New York Times. (2011) B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Phase Equilibria
AbbreviationFluid Phase Equilib.
ISSN (print)0378-3812
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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