How to format your references using the Fluid Phase Equilibria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Phase Equilibria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.H. Zewail, Science for the have-nots, Nature. 410 (2001) 741.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Abramson, A.S. Vartanian, Biochemistry. Watch water flow, Science. 340 (2013) 1294–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Cronberg, R. Natcheva, K. Hedlund, Microarthropods mediate sperm transfer in mosses, Science. 313 (2006) 1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.S. Griffitts, J.L. Whitacre, D.E. Stevens, R.V. Aroian, Bt toxin resistance from loss of a putative carbohydrate-modifying enzyme, Science. 293 (2001) 860–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.B. Yanni, Translational ADMET for Drug Therapy, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
M. Zhao, J. Sha, eds., Communications and Information Processing: International Conference, ICCIP 2012 Aveiro, Portugal, March 7-11, 2012 Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
M.R. Balks, D. Zabowski, Soils of Forests, in: D. Zabowski (Ed.), Celebrating Soil: Discovering Soils and Landscapes, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Phase Equilibria.

Blog post
D. Andrew, It’s Time To Wake Up To The Devastating Impact Flying Has On The Environment, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Hazardous Materials: Federal Training for First Responders to Highway and Railroad Incidents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Reser, Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Flegenheimer, On Trump’s Right Flank, a Survivor Well Attuned to Resentment, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Phase Equilibria
AbbreviationFluid Phase Equilib.
ISSN (print)0378-3812
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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