How to format your references using the Fluid Phase Equilibria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Phase Equilibria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Yuan, Applied physics: Bright electron twisters, Nature. 509 (2014) 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.A. Meehl, C. Tebaldi, More intense, more frequent, and longer lasting heat waves in the 21st century, Science. 305 (2004) 994–997.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.A. Nowak, J.B. Plotkin, V.A. Jansen, The evolution of syntactic communication, Nature. 404 (2000) 495–498.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.J. Rupert, D.S. Gianola, Y. Gan, K.J. Hemker, Experimental observations of stress-driven grain boundary migration, Science. 326 (2009) 1686–1690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Hahn-Deinstrop, Dünnschicht-Chromatographie, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2006.
An edited book
J. Eriksson, M. Gilek, C. Rudén, eds., Regulating Chemical Risks: European and Global Challenges, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Pronoza, E. Yagunova, Low-Level Features for Paraphrase Identification, in: G. Sidorov, S.N. Galicia-Haro (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 14th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2015, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, October 25-31, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Phase Equilibria.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Cancer Drug Cures Mice Of Hepatitis B, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Health Care: Children’s Medical Services Programs in 10 States, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Seger, The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pols, World War II Fiction: The Home Front, New York Times. (2017) BR26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Phase Equilibria
AbbreviationFluid Phase Equilib.
ISSN (print)0378-3812
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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