How to format your references using the Australasian Plant Disease Notes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Plant Disease Notes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brook RJ (2000) W. David Kingery (1926-2000). Nature 406:582
A journal article with 2 authors
Kolodrubetz MH, Petta JR (2009) Applied physics. Coherent holes in a semiconductor quantum dot. Science 325:42–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Aida T, Meijer EW, Stupp SI (2012) Functional supramolecular polymers. Science 335:813–817
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Searle IR, Men AE, Laniya TS, et al (2003) Long-distance signaling in nodulation directed by a CLAVATA1-like receptor kinase. Science 299:109–112

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard J, Kovarik VJ Jr (2007) Software Defined Radio. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Washio T, Luo J (eds) (2013) Emerging Trends in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2012 International Workshops: DMHM, GeoDoc, 3Clust, and DSDM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 29 – June 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Albini A, Protti S (2016) The Solvent Issue. In: Protti S (ed) Paradigms in Green Chemistry and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Plant Disease Notes.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Pro-Education Genes Becoming Less Common Over Time, Study Finds. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/proeducation-genes-less-common-over-time/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Educational Testing: The Canadian Experience With Standards, Examinations, and Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson M (2013) Respite efficacy for parents of adults with intellectual disabilities: An ethnographic perspective. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) Finding Beauty Amid the Grit. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brook 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Brook 2000; Kolodrubetz and Petta 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kolodrubetz and Petta 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Searle et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Plant Disease Notes
AbbreviationAustralas. Plant Dis. Notes
ISSN (online)1833-928X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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