How to format your references using the Fluid Dynamics Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Dynamics Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nel A 2005 Atmosphere. Air pollution-related illness: effects of particles Science 308 804–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Mizuno T and Kubo H 2013 Overview of active cesium contamination of freshwater fish in Fukushima and Eastern Japan Sci. Rep. 3 1742
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng L, Hong W and Hao Z-C 2014 Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes Sci. Rep. 4 4814
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Zubieta J K, Smith Y R, Bueller J A, Xu Y, Kilbourn M R, Jewett D M, Meyer C R, Koeppe R A and Stohler C S 2001 Regional mu opioid receptor regulation of sensory and affective dimensions of pain Science 293 311–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akcoglu M A, Bartha P F A and Ha D M 2009 Analysis in Vector Spaces (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Poston D L and Micklin M 2005 Handbook of Population (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Sparrow J R 2012 Bisretinoid Lipofuscin in the Retinal Pigment Epithelium: Oxidative Processes and Disease Implications Studies on Retinal and Choroidal Disorders ed R D Stratton, W W Hauswirth and T W Gardner (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press) pp 95–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Dynamics Research.

Blog post
Andrews R 2015 Your Cat’s Fur Color Is Linked To Its Aggressiveness IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 Preschool Education: Federal Investment for Low-Income Children Significant but Effectiveness Unclear (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cashion A T 2010 Exploring Dielectric Absorption: Data Collection System Development Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldsmith J 2017 Yes, We Are Holding Trump Accountable New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Dynamics Research
AbbreviationFluid Dyn. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-5983
ISSN (online)1873-7005
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles