How to format your references using the Fluid Dynamics Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Dynamics Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simonton D K 2013 After Einstein: Scientific genius is extinct Nature 493 602
A journal article with 2 authors
Dietrich W E and Perron J T 2006 The search for a topographic signature of life Nature 439 411–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti H, Claudin P and Andreotti B 2005 Field evidence for surface-wave-induced instability of sand dunes Nature 437 720–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Song T, Cai X, Tu M W-Y, Zhang X, Huang B, Wilson N P, Seyler K L, Zhu L, Taniguchi T, Watanabe K, McGuire M A, Cobden D H, Xiao D, Yao W and Xu X 2018 Giant tunneling magnetoresistance in spin-filter van der Waals heterostructures Science 360 1214–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durbin P A and Reif B A P 2010 Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Visioli A 2011 Control of Integral Processes with Dead Time ed Q Zhong (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Krull R, Lladó‐Maldonado S, Lorenz T, Demming S and Büttgenbach S 2016 Microbioreactors Microsystems for Pharmatechnology: Manipulation of Fluids, Particles, Droplets, and Cells ed A Dietzel (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 99–152

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Dynamics Research.

Blog post
Andrew D 2016 Three Ways Organic Electronics Is Changing Technology As We Know It IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 NASA Aeronautics: Efforts to Preserve U.S. Leadership in the Aeronautics Industry Are Limited (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
RinconGallardo T J 2010 The effect of the use of learning journals on the development of metacognition in undergraduate students Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S 2016 Make ‘Em Laugh New York Times MM38

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Dynamics Research
AbbreviationFluid Dyn. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-5983
ISSN (online)1873-7005
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles