How to format your references using the Fluid Dynamics Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Dynamics Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blandford R D 2015 A century of general relativity: astrophysics and cosmology Science 347 1103–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Summers M F and Hrabowski F A 3rd 2006 Diversity. Preparing minority scientists and engineers Science 311 1870–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue M, Atallah B V and Scanziani M 2014 Equalizing excitation-inhibition ratios across visual cortical neurons Nature 511 596–600
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Onodera R, Motoyama K, Tanaka N, Ohyama A, Okamatsu A, Higashi T, Kariya R, Okada S and Arima H 2014 Involvement of autophagy in antitumor activity of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin Sci. Rep. 4 4417

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kraehmer H and Baur P 2013 Weed Anatomy (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Caveen A 2015 The Controversy over Marine Protected Areas: Science meets Policy ed N Polunin, T Gray and S M Stead (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Lakshmibai V and Brown J 2015 The Grassmannian and Its Schubert Varieties The Grassmannian Variety: Geometric and Representation-Theoretic Aspects Developments in Mathematics ed J Brown (New York, NY: Springer) pp 51–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Dynamics Research.

Blog post
Andrew E 2016 The Future Of Personal Satellite Technology Is Here – Are We Ready For It? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 NASA Procurement: Improving the Management of Delegated Contract Functions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson J-M C 2008 The effect of class size on a teacher’s job satisfaction in a southeastern urban LEA Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J 2017 The Left Bank New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Dynamics Research
AbbreviationFluid Dyn. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-5983
ISSN (online)1873-7005
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles