How to format your references using the Fluid Dynamics Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Dynamics Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharkey N 2008 Computer science. The ethical frontiers of robotics Science 322 1800–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Scolnick D M and Halazonetis T D 2000 Chfr defines a mitotic stress checkpoint that delays entry into metaphase Nature 406 430–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlson M E, Hsu M and Conboy I M 2008 Imbalance between pSmad3 and Notch induces CDK inhibitors in old muscle stem cells Nature 454 528–32
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Mayama S, Tamura M, Hanawa T, Matsumoto T, Ishii M, Pyo T-S, Suto H, Naoi T, Kudo T, Hashimoto J, Nishiyama S, Kuzuhara M and Hayashi M 2010 Direct imaging of bridged twin protoplanetary disks in a young multiple star Science 327 306–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety 1999 Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Abonyi J 2007 Cluster Analysis for Data Mining and System Identification ed B Feil (Basel: Birkhäuser)
A chapter in an edited book
Chen L, Ye Y and Zhang J 2007 A Note on Equilibrium Pricing as Convex Optimization Internet and Network Economics: Third International Workshop, WINE 2007, San Diego, CA, USA, December 12-14, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed X Deng and F C Graham (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 7–16

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Dynamics Research.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Griffin the Parrot Demonstrates the Ability to Share IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988 Highways: Acquiring Land for Federal-Aid Projects (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quinn L 2013 The poetics of soul: Mythic narrative as creative elegy Doctoral dissertation (Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2003 Yevgeny Kolobov, 57; Founded an Opera Theater New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Dynamics Research
AbbreviationFluid Dyn. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-5983
ISSN (online)1873-7005
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles