How to format your references using the Fluid Dynamics Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Dynamics Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamionkowski M 2009 Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased Nature 460 964–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Paszek M and Weaver V 2010 Biophysics. Enforcing order on signaling Science 327 1335–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitmarsh R B, Manatschal G and Minshull T A 2001 Evolution of magma-poor continental margins from rifting to seafloor spreading Nature 413 150–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Favors Z, Wang W, Bay H H, George A, Ozkan M and Ozkan C S 2014 Stable cycling of SiO₂ nanotubes as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries Sci. Rep. 4 4605

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elliott C H and Smith L L 2010 Overcoming Anxiety for Dummies® (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.)
An edited book
Dezawa A, Chen P-Q and Chung J-Y 2005 State of the Art for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (Tokyo: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Upadhyaya B, Xiao H, Zou Y, Ng J and Lau A 2013 A Framework for Composing Personalized Web Resources The Personal Web: A Research Agenda Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed M Chignell, J R Cordy, R Kealey, J Ng and Y Yesha (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 65–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Dynamics Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2016 Uncertainty As ESA’s ExoMars Lander Fails To Phone Home IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai C-N 2012 A simulation study of hierarchical wireless sensor networks Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schwartz J 2016 Views Conflict on Exxon Mobil’s Ties to Those Who Reject Climate Science New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Dynamics Research
AbbreviationFluid Dyn. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-5983
ISSN (online)1873-7005
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles