How to format your references using the Fluid Dynamics Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fluid Dynamics Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston C 2015 Breast cancer: 4 big questions Nature 527 S120
A journal article with 2 authors
Weimerskirch H and Wilson R P 2000 Oceanic respite for wandering albatrosses Nature 406 955–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Bréon F-M, Tanré D and Generoso S 2002 Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size monitored from satellite Science 295 834–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bassing C H, Alt F W, Hughes M M, D’Auteuil M, Wehrly T D, Woodman B B, Gärtner F, White J M, Davidson L and Sleckman B P 2000 Recombination signal sequences restrict chromosomal V(D)J recombination beyond the 12/23 rule Nature 405 583–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín P 2005 Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Kroneck P M H and Torres M E S 2014 The Metal-Driven Biogeochemistry of Gaseous Compounds in the Environment vol 14 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Girbau J and Bruna L 2010 Cauchy Problem for Einstein’s Equation with Matter Stability by Linearization of Einstein’s Field Equation Progress in Mathematical Physics ed L Bruna (Basel: Birkhäuser) pp 63–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fluid Dynamics Research.

Blog post
Hale T 2015 An Enormous Blue Whale Has Washed Up On The Coast Of Oregon IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 ICBM Modernization: Availability Problems and Flight Test Delays in Peacekeeper Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zbeeb K 2009 Transport and dispersion of fire extinguishing agents downstream from clutter elements of aircraft engine nacelles Doctoral dissertation (Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B and Ember S 2016 Facing the Music New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFluid Dynamics Research
AbbreviationFluid Dyn. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-5983
ISSN (online)1873-7005
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles