How to format your references using the Advances in Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehrsson, H. H.: The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences, Science, 317(5841), 1048, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gupta, V. and Poss, K. D.: Clonally dominant cardiomyocytes direct heart morphogenesis, Nature, 484(7395), 479–484, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bennett, M. J., Lebrón, J. A. and Bjorkman, P. J.: Crystal structure of the hereditary haemochromatosis protein HFE complexed with transferrin receptor, Nature, 403(6765), 46–53, 2000.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Li, Y.-Y., Wang, L.-S., Lu, X.-Z., Yang, Z.-J., Wang, X.-M., Zhou, C.-W., Xu, J., Qian, Y. and Chen, A.-L.: CDKAL1 gene rs7756992 A/G polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of 62,567 subjects, Sci. Rep., 3, 3131, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korst, J. and Pronk, V.: Multimedia Storage and Retrieval, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2006.
An edited book
Craft, S. and Christen, Y., Eds.: Diabetes, Insulin and Alzheimer’s Disease, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, R. R.: Ethanol-Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Apoptosis in Embryopathy, in Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences, edited by R. R. Watson, V. R. Preedy, and S. Zibadi, pp. 35–62, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ., 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Science and Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Armstrong’s Moon Mementos Found In Closet, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Opportunities for Improving Federally Assisted Manpower Programs Identified as a Result of Review in the Atlanta, Georgia, Area, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevenson, J.: Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Rhythmic Gymnastics Judges Cleared, New York Times, 27th August, B14, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ehrsson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ehrsson, 2007; Gupta and Poss, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gupta and Poss, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Science and Research
AbbreviationAdv. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)1992-0628
ISSN (online)1992-0636

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