How to format your references using the Advances in Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P.: Beyond the bond, Nature, 469(7328), 26–28, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrett, T. J. and Zhao, C.: Increased Arctic cloud longwave emissivity associated with pollution from mid-latitudes, Nature, 440(7085), 787–789, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, T., Pollard, D. D. and Gao, H.: Explanation for fracture spacing in layered materials, Nature, 403(6771), 753–756, 2000.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Peng, N., Meng, N., Wang, S., Zhao, F., Zhao, J., Su, L., Zhang, S., Zhang, Y., Zhao, B. and Miao, J.: An activator of mTOR inhibits oxLDL-induced autophagy and apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells and restricts atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E/ mice, Sci. Rep., 4, 5519, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woo, J.-H., Sohn, J.-H., Nam, B.-G. and Yoo, H.-J.: Mobile 3D Graphics SoC, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2010.
An edited book
Chen, L.: Modeling Biomolecular Networks in Cells: Structures and Dynamics, edited by R. Wang, C. Li, and K. Aihara, Springer, London., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Beach, S. A., Newsted, J. L., Coady, K. and Giesy, J. P.: Ecotoxicological Evaluation of Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), in Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology: Continuation of Residue Reviews, edited by L. A. Albert, P. de Voogt, C. P. Gerba, O. Hutzinger, J. B. Knaak, F. L. Mayer, D. P. Morgan, D. L. Park, R. S. Tjeerdema, D. M. Whitacre, R. S. H. Yang, G. W. Ware, H. N. Nigg, D. R. Doerge, and F. A. Gunther, pp. 133–174, Springer, New York, NY., 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Science and Research.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Electric Eels Use Their High-Voltage Zaps To Both Stun And Track Prey, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA: Choices and Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, R. M.: Watershed-Scale Evaluation of Flood Reduction Effect of Low Impact Development Designs, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J.: Teaching Web-Savvy Students to Develop Fake-News Filters, New York Times, 20th March, A22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2011; Garrett and Zhao, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garrett and Zhao, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Science and Research
AbbreviationAdv. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)1992-0628
ISSN (online)1992-0636

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