How to format your references using the Advances in Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trainor, P.: Development. The bills of qucks and duails, Science, 299, 523–524, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hommelhoff, P. and Higuchi, T.: Strong-field physics: Harmonic radiation from crystals, Nature, 523, 541–542, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cziczo, D. J., Thomson, D. S., and Murphy, D. M.: Ablation, flux, and atmospheric implications of meteors inferred from stratospheric aerosol, Science, 291, 1772–1775, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Andersen, J. S., Lam, Y. W., Leung, A. K. L., Ong, S.-E., Lyon, C. E., Lamond, A. I., and Mann, M.: Nucleolar proteome dynamics, Nature, 433, 77–83, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharon, M. and Sharon, M.: Graphene, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
Kim, S. H. (Ed.): Radiology Illustrated: Gynecologic Imaging, 2nd ed. 2012., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XIV, 1280 p. 1346 illus., 1144 illus. in color pp., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Tews, E., Wälde, J., and Weiner, M.: Breaking DVB-CSA, in: Research in Cryptology: 4th Western European Workshop, WEWoRC 2011, Weimar, Germany, July 20-22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, edited by: Armknecht, F. and Lucks, S., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 45–61, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Science and Research.

Blog post
Why You Should Never Wear Cheap, Unfitted Contact Lenses:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Flexible Funding Continues to Play a Role in Supporting State and Local Transportation Priorities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pundir, B.: Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S.: Everybody Into the Pool, New York Times, 6th November, D6, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trainor, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Trainor, 2003; Hommelhoff and Higuchi, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hommelhoff and Higuchi, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Andersen et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Science and Research
AbbreviationAdv. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)1992-0628
ISSN (online)1992-0636

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