How to format your references using the Advances in Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landau, S.: Control use of data to protect privacy, Science, 347, 504–506, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, C. T. and Planavsky, N. J.: Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2, Nature, 474, E1-2; discussion E4-5, 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Damasceno, P. F., Engel, M., and Glotzer, S. C.: Predictive self-assembly of polyhedra into complex structures, Science, 337, 453–457, 2012.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Crutsinger, G. M., Collins, M. D., Fordyce, J. A., Gompert, Z., Nice, C. C., and Sanders, N. J.: Plant genotypic diversity predicts community structure and governs an ecosystem process, Science, 313, 966–968, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Powsner, R. A., Palmer, M. R., and Powsner, E. R.: Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Posada de la Paz, M. and Groft, S. C. (Eds.): Rare Diseases Epidemiology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XXII, 542 p pp., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Sharif, R., Guyeux, C., Fadil, Y. A., Makhoul, A., and Jaber, A.: On the Usefulness of Information Hiding Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks Security, in: Ad Hoc Networks: 6th International ICST Conference, ADHOCNETS 2014, Rhodes, Greece, August 18-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, edited by: Mitton, N., Gallais, A., Kantarci, M. E., and Papavassiliou, S., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 51–62, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Science and Research.

Blog post
Students Develop Cheap Water Treatment System Using Chip Packets:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: New or Renovated Warehouse Space Provided Under Extended Storage Agreements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel, B. F.: Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: Williams Expected to Get His Own Show on MSNBC, New York Times, 17th August, B2, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landau, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Landau, 2015; Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Crutsinger et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Science and Research
AbbreviationAdv. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)1992-0628
ISSN (online)1992-0636

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