How to format your references using the Advances in Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp, J.: Neuroscience. Feeling the pain of social loss, Science, 302, 237–239, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saks, M. J. and Koehler, J. J.: The coming paradigm shift in forensic identification science, Science, 309, 892–895, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernhard, H., Fischbacher, U., and Fehr, E.: Parochial altruism in humans, Nature, 442, 912–915, 2006.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Parmentier, E., Colleye, O., Fine, M. L., Frédérich, B., Vandewalle, P., and Herrel, A.: Sound production in the clownfish Amphiprion clarkii, Science, 316, 1006, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent, O., Petit, J.-P., and Gurle, D.: IP Telephony, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Rubin, I. L., Merrick, J., Greydanus, D. E., and Patel, D. R. (Eds.): Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan, Springer International Publishing, Cham, LX, 2307 p. 266 illus., 170 illus. in color pp., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, J. and Römer, K.: Visibility Levels: Managing the Tradeoff between Visibility and Resource Consumption, in: Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks: 4th International Workshop, REALWSN 2010, Colombo, Sri Lanka, December 16-17, 2010. Proceedings, edited by: Marron, P. J., Voigt, T., Corke, P., and Mottola, L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 49–61, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Science and Research.

Blog post
New Artificial Pancreas Could Be A Life Changer For Type 1 Diabetics:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Aviation Administration: Improved Tracking of Results Needed to Provide Confidence in Benefits of Streamlining Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karch, K.: An investigation of perceptions about smart mobile phone usage as an instructional tool in a high school classroom, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sugin, L.: The Furtive Tax, New York Times, 14th April, SR7, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Panksepp, 2003; Saks and Koehler, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saks and Koehler, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Parmentier et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Science and Research
AbbreviationAdv. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)1992-0628
ISSN (online)1992-0636

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