How to format your references using the Advances in Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabeharisoa, V.: Genome-sequencing anniversary. Socializing genetic diseases, Science, 331, 1026–1027, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berger, A. and Loutre, M. F.: Climate. An exceptionally long interglacial ahead?, Science, 297, 1287–1288, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulson, T., Lindström, J., and Cotgreave, P.: Ecology. Seeking new recruits, Science, 295, 2023–2024, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Duret, L., Chureau, C., Samain, S., Weissenbach, J., and Avner, P.: The Xist RNA gene evolved in eutherians by pseudogenization of a protein-coding gene, Science, 312, 1653–1655, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fink, J. K.: Metallized and Magnetic Polymers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Boiko, A. V.: Physics of Transitional Shear Flows: Instability and Laminar–Turbulent Transition in Incompressible Near-Wall Shear Layers, edited by: Dovgal, A. V., Grek, G. R., and Kozlov, V. V., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XXVIII, 272 p pp., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Gary, D. E. and Hurford, G. J.: Radio Spectral Diagnostics, in: Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics: Current Status and Future Developments, edited by: Gary, D. E. and Keller, C. U., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 71–87, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Science and Research.

Blog post
Microsoft To Help Regulate Legal Marijuana Sales:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2010 Expenditure Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Branch, J.: A Case Study of Perceptions and Experiences among African-American Males Regarding College Dropout Rates in a Community College, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Limits on Prison Suits Are Eased, New York Times, 23rd January, A15, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabeharisoa, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rabeharisoa, 2011; Berger and Loutre, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berger and Loutre, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Duret et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Science and Research
AbbreviationAdv. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)1992-0628
ISSN (online)1992-0636

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