How to format your references using the Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Blake D (2004) Biodiscovery--from reef to outback. Nature 429:15–17
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lavik E, Ustin J (2012) Medicine. Leveraging shear stress to bust clots with nanoparticles. Science 337:658–659
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kalisz S, Vogler DW, Hanley KM (2004) Context-dependent autonomous self-fertilization yields reproductive assurance and mixed mating. Nature 430:884–887
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sorefan K, Girin T, Liljegren SJ, et al (2009) A regulated auxin minimum is required for seed dispersal in Arabidopsis. Nature 459:583–586

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ersoy OK (2007) Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Walls DF, Milburn GJ (2008) Quantum Optics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Shishodia S, Singh T, Chaturvedi MM (2007) MODULATION OF TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS BY CURCUMIN. In: Aggarwal BB, Surh Y-J, Shishodia S (eds) The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 127–148

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) This Insect Spits Poop-Smelling Chemicals into Predators’ Mouths. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/insect-spits-poop-smelling-chemicals-predators-mouths/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1976) Uses of Minicomputers in the Federal Government: Trends, Benefits, and Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rostambeigi N (2010) Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leibovich M (2014) The Real House Candidates of Beverly Hills. New York Times MM22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
AbbreviationBiomass Convers. Biorefin.
ISSN (print)2190-6815
ISSN (online)2190-6823
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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