How to format your references using the Flavour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flavour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baird BN. Comment on “Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk.” Science. 2006;313:615; author reply 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zitvogel L, Kroemer G. Cancer: Antibodies regulate antitumour immunity. Nature. 2015;521:35–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Euston DR, Tatsuno M, McNaughton BL. Fast-forward playback of recent memory sequences in prefrontal cortex during sleep. Science. 2007;318:1147–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tapponnier P, Zhiqin X, Roger F, Meyer B, Arnaud N, Wittlinger G, et al. Oblique stepwise rise and growth of the Tibet plateau. Science. 2001;294:1671–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chin DA. Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Bacao F, Santos MY, Painho M, editors. AGILE 2015: Geographic Information Science as an Enabler of Smarter Cities and Communities. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cabello S, Mohar B. Crossing and Weighted Crossing Number of Near-Planar Graphs. In: Tollis IG, Patrignani M, editors. Graph Drawing: 16th International Symposium, GD 2008, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 21-24, 2008 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flavour.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. These Cute Slugs Are The Bunnies Of The Sea [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/these-cute-slugs-are-actual-bunnies-sea/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Denver International Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 May. Report No.: T-RCED/AIMD-95-184.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Walsh EF. The development of comprehensive criminal justice leadership standards: A modified Delphi study approach [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. Artistic Director Leaves The Labyrinth Theater. New York Times. 2017 Jun 23;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFlavour
AbbreviationFlavour
ISSN (online)2044-7248
Scope

Other styles