How to format your references using the Flavour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flavour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Thomas GH. Evolution: An avian explosion. Nature. 2015;526:516–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Richards TA, Cavalier-Smith T. Myosin domain evolution and the primary divergence of eukaryotes. Nature. 2005;436:1113–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li L, Leid M, Rothenberg EV. An early T cell lineage commitment checkpoint dependent on the transcription factor Bcl11b. Science. 2010;329:89–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bassing CH, Alt FW, Hughes MM, D’Auteuil M, Wehrly TD, Woodman BB, et al. Recombination signal sequences restrict chromosomal V(D)J recombination beyond the 12/23 rule. Nature. 2000;405:583–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Frikha M. Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Yon-Kahn J. Molecular and Cellular Enzymology. Hervé G, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Campagna M-C, George M, Halm J, Malik A. Gastrointestinal Emergencies in the Oncology Patient. In: Manzullo EF, Gonzalez CE, Escalante CP, Yeung S-CJ, editors. Oncologic Emergencies. New York, NY: Springer; 2016. p. 113–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flavour.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Near Earth And Far Away, It’s Been An Exciting Year In Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/near-earth-and-far-away-it-s-been-exciting-year-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Better Management and Accountability Needed to Improve Indian Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Sep. Report No.: GAO-13-774.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rholdon CM. Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Tommasini A. Holding the Stage Like a Singing Shaman. New York Times. 2017 Jul 16;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFlavour
AbbreviationFlavour
ISSN (online)2044-7248
Scope

Other styles