How to format your references using the Flavour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flavour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Roses AD. Pharmacogenetics and the practice of medicine. Nature. 2000;405:857–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang H-W, Nogales E. Nucleotide-dependent bending flexibility of tubulin regulates microtubule assembly. Nature. 2005;435:911–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ragazzoni R, Marchetti E, Valente G. Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky. Nature. 2000;403:54–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schneider ME, Belyantseva IA, Azevedo RB, Kachar B. Rapid renewal of auditory hair bundles. Nature. 2002;418:837–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stevens BA, Roediger E. Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Sericola B, Telek M, Horváth G, editors. Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 21st International Conference, ASMTA 2014, Budapest, Hungary, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Foremski P, Grochla K. LTE or WiFi? Client-Side Internet Link Selection for Smartphones. In: Gaj P, Kwiecień A, Stera P, editors. Computer Networks: 22nd International Conference, CN 2015, Brunów, Poland, June 16-19, 2015 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flavour.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Newly Emerged Pacific “Island” Photographed For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/newly-emerged-pacific-peak-photographed-first-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Use of Department of Education Title III Grant Funds by the International Institute of the Americas of World University. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Apr. Report No.: HRD-84-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Winhusen ER. Precambrian Seawater Temperature Analysis Using Oxygen Isotopes from Hamersley Carbonates, Western Australia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. 2,691 Decisions. New York Times. 2008 Jul 13;WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFlavour
AbbreviationFlavour
ISSN (online)2044-7248
Scope

Other styles