How to format your references using the Genetics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huybers P (2009) Atmosphere. Antarctica’s orbital beat. Science 325:1085–1086.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahadevan L and Rica S (2005) Self-organized origami. Science 307:1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bush MB, Silman MR and Urrego DH (2004) 48,000 years of climate and forest change in a biodiversity hot spot. Science 303:827–829.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Offerman SE, van Dijk NH, Sietsma J, Grigull S, Lauridsen EM, Margulies L, Poulsen HF, Rekveldt MT and van der Zwaag S (2002) Grain nucleation and growth during phase transformations. Science 298:1003–1005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena FB (2008) Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Koziel S (2016) Simulation-Driven Design by Knowledge-Based Response Correction Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Weeks TL and Pasupathi M (2010) Autonomy, Identity, and Narrative Construction with Parents and Friends. In: McLean KC and Pasupathi M (eds) Narrative Development in Adolescence: Creating the Storied Self. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 65–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Astronomers Reveal Five Hidden “Monster Black Holes.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) General Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Help Identify and Mitigate Safety Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu C (2013) Regulatory functions of the actin cytoskeleton in B cell receptor signaling. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2005) Life Is Hard in Russia, And the Beds Are, Too. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huybers 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mahadevan and Rica 2005; Huybers 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mahadevan and Rica 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Offerman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationGenet. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1415-4757
ISSN (online)1678-4685
Molecular Biology

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