How to format your references using the Genetics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson D (2000) UK ethicists back use of stem cells. Nature 404:697.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harvey THP and Butterfield NJ (2008) Sophisticated particle-feeding in a large Early Cambrian crustacean. Nature 452:868–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen X, Parker D and Singh DJ (2013) Importance of non-parabolic band effects in the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors. Sci Rep 3:3168.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Heathman S, Haire RG, Le Bihan T, Lindbaum A, Idiri M, Normile P, Li S, Ahuja R, Johansson B and Lander GH (2005) A high-pressure structure in curium linked to magnetism. Science 309:110–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heines MH (2014) First to File. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rebuschi M, Batt M, Heinzmann G, Lihoreau F, Musiol M and Trognon A (2014) Interdisciplinary Works in Logic, Epistemology, Psychology and Linguistics: Dialogue, Rationality, and Formalism. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Klumpp M (2015) Sustainable Humanitarian Logistics Research—A Conceptualization. In: Klumpp M, Leeuw S de, Regattieri A and Souza R de (eds) Humanitarian Logistics and Sustainability. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Scientists Discover How To “Switch On” Immune Cells. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gambini F (2011) Leadership capacity for succession and sustainability in a family-owned private school. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Wait Over, Indians Strike Quickly. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson 2000; Harvey and Butterfield 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harvey and Butterfield 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Heathman et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationGenet. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1415-4757
ISSN (online)1678-4685
Molecular Biology

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