How to format your references using the Genetics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson G (2015) Human genetics. GTEx detects genetic effects. Science 348:640–641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker H and Walker RJ (2003) Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature 425:152–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang X, Zhou Y and Xiao M (2013) Entangler via electromagnetically induced transparency with an atomic ensemble. Sci Rep 3:3479.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ordovas-Montanes J, Dwyer DF, Nyquist SK, Buchheit KM, Vukovic M, Deb C, Wadsworth MH 2nd, Hughes TK, Kazer SW, Yoshimoto E et al. (2018) Allergic inflammatory memory in human respiratory epithelial progenitor cells. Nature 560:649–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sierra MA, de la Torre MC and Cossío FP (2013) More Dead Ends and Detours. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Clover DE (2013) The Nature of Transformation: Environmental Adult Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Kotzé P and Purgathofer P (2009) Designing Design Exercises — From Theory to Creativity and Real-world Use. In: Kotzé P, Wong W, Jorge J, Dix A and Silva PA (eds) Creativity and HCI: From Experience to Design in Education. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 42–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) How Earth’s Atmosphere Once Looked Like Saturn’s Moon Titan. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) VA Student Financial Aid: Actions Needed to Reduce Overlap in Approval Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maafi N (2017) Assessment of Volatile Metabolites for In Situ Detection of Fungal Decay of Wood. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2016) Ground Zero, Deluged. New York Times MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Becker and Walker 2003; Gibson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Walker 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ordovas-Montanes et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationGenet. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1415-4757
ISSN (online)1678-4685
Molecular Biology

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