How to format your references using the Genetics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minelli A (2004) Developmental biology. Bits and pieces. Science 306:1693–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schier AF and Shen MM (2000) Nodal signalling in vertebrate development. Nature 403:385–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park I-U, Peacey MW and Munafò MR (2014) Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature 506:93–96.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dupuy AJ, Akagi K, Largaespada DA, Copeland NG and Jenkins NA (2005) Mammalian mutagenesis using a highly mobile somatic Sleeping Beauty transposon system. Nature 436:221–226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saunders A and Allen L (2010) Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fong IW and Alibeck K (2007) New and Evolving Infections of the 21st Century. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Singh SC (2013) Geophysical Viewpoints for Groundwater Resource Development and Management in Coastal Tracts. In: Wetzelhuetter C (ed) Groundwater in the Coastal Zones of Asia-Pacific. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 67–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Men Walk On Ice As Clear As Glass. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Increased Use Of Computer-Output-Microfilm By Federal Agencies Could Result In Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paaske LK (2014) AVPV kisspeptin neurons mediate neuroprogesterone induction of the luteinizing hormone surge. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2001) The “Roswell” Army Fights for Its Show on the Web. New York Times 232.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Minelli 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Schier and Shen 2000; Minelli 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schier and Shen 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dupuy et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationGenet. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1415-4757
ISSN (online)1678-4685
Molecular Biology

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