How to format your references using the Advances in Physiology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Physiology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cyranoski D. Will creativity thrive in an island paradise? Nature 429: 220–221, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Goldstein JL, Brown MS. History of science. A golden era of Nobel laureates. Science 338: 1033–1034, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee J-Y, Tang CY, Huo F. Fabrication of porous matrix membrane (PMM) using metal-organic framework as green template for water treatment. Sci Rep 4: 3740, 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Yuan W, Zhou Y, Li Y, Li C, Peng H, Zhang J, Liu Z, Dai L, Shi G. The edge- and basal-plane-specific electrochemistry of a single-layer graphene sheet. Sci Rep 3: 2248, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Petrucelli JR. Detecting Fraud in Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
1.
Heydon R. Why Multimodal Literacy Matters: (Re)conceptualizing Literacy and Wellbeing through Singing-Infused Multimodal, Intergenerational Curricula. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Munoz RT, Fox MD. Legal Aspects of Brain Death and Organ Donorship. In: The Brain-Dead Organ Donor: Pathophysiology and Management, edited by Novitzky D, Cooper DKC. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, p. 21–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Physiology Education.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Major US Institutions Have Tentatively Backed Gene Editing Of Human Embryos [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/major-us-institutions-have-tentatively-backed-gene-editing-of-human-embryos/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Safety: Federal Highway Administration Should Conduct Research to Determine Best Practices in Permitting Oversize Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Han B. Mechanistic Consequences of Cardiac Oxidative Stress. Ohio State University: 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly LCC. PEARL HARBOR’S INFAMY, MY FATHER’S FAME. New York Times: 125, 1981.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Physiology Education
AbbreviationAdv. Physiol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1043-4046
ISSN (online)1522-1229
ScopePhysiology
General Medicine

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