How to format your references using the Advances in Physiology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Physiology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Medzhitov R. Origin and physiological roles of inflammation. Nature 454: 428–435, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hanson R, Awschalom DD. Coherent manipulation of single spins in semiconductors. Nature 453: 1043–1049, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nederbragt AJ, van Loon AE, Dictus WJAG. Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline. Nature 417: 811–812, 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Piel M, Nordberg J, Euteneuer U, Bornens M. Centrosome-dependent exit of cytokinesis in animal cells. Science 291: 1550–1553, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Li RC-H. RF Circuit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
1.
Günlük O, Woeginger GJ, editors. Integer Programming and Combinatoral Optimization: 15th International Conference, IPCO 2011, New York, NY, USA, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fowler D, Smith R, Muller J, Cape JN, Sutton M, Erisman JW, Fagerli H. Long Term Trends in Sulphur and Nitrogen Deposition in Europe and the Cause of Non-linearities. In: Acid Rain - Deposition to Recovery, edited by Brimblecombe P, Hara H, Houle D, Novak M. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007, p. 41–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Physiology Education.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Robot Makes You Feel Like There’s a Ghost Behind You [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/spine-chilling-robot-makes-you-feel-theres-ghost-behind-you/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Follow-Up on Contracting Issues at Denver International Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gomez S. Support group for caregivers coping with their child diagnosed with autism: A grant proposal. California State University, Long Beach: 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bromwich JE. Real-Life Harvey and Irma Marvel at the Hurricanes. New York Times: A16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Physiology Education
AbbreviationAdv. Physiol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1043-4046
ISSN (online)1522-1229
ScopePhysiology
General Medicine

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