How to format your references using the Fixed Point Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fixed Point Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally, R.J.: Are we winning the war against posttraumatic stress disorder? Science. 336, 872–874 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Otsuka, K., Karato, S.-I.: Deep penetration of molten iron into the mantle caused by a morphological instability. Nature. 492, 243–246 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Moles, A., Kieffer, B.L., D’Amato, F.R.: Deficit in attachment behavior in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor gene. Science. 304, 1983–1986 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogura, A., Yoshida, M.-A., Moritaki, T., Okuda, Y., Sese, J., Shimizu, K.K., Sousounis, K., Tsonis, P.A.: Loss of the six3/6 controlling pathways might have resulted in pinhole-eye evolution in Nautilus. Sci. Rep. 3, 1432 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford, R., Schüklenk, U.: 50 Great Myths about Atheism. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2013)
An edited book
Calcagno, A. ed: Edith Stein: Women, Social-Political Philosophy, Theology, Metaphysics and Public History: New Approaches and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Gardbaum, S.: Decoupling Judicial Review from Judicial Supremacy. In: Bustamante, T. and Gonçalves Fernandes, B. (eds.) Democratizing Constitutional Law: Perspectives on Legal Theory and the Legitimacy of Constitutionalism. pp. 93–118. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fixed Point Theory and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Common Lumps And Bumps On And Under The Skin: What Are They?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Survey of the Harrison County Head Start Program, Gulfport, Mississippi. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins, A.J.: Measurement of the spacial distribution of heat exchange in a geothermal analog bedrock site using fiber-otic distributed temperature sensing, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McWHORTER, J.: Patience Is a (Sexual) Virtue, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFixed Point Theory and Applications
AbbreviationFixed Point Theory Appl.
ISSN (online)1687-1812
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Geometry and Topology

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