How to format your references using the Fixed Point Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fixed Point Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenburg, A.: Cosmology. Magnetic mysteries. Science. 292, 2440–2441 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Paerl, H.W., Otten, T.G.: Environmental science. Blooms bite the hand that feeds them. Science. 342, 433–434 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hori, S., Nomura, T., Sakaguchi, S.: Control of regulatory T cell development by the transcription factor Foxp3. Science. 299, 1057–1061 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Marshall, S.J., Overpeck, J.T., Miller, G.H., Hu, A.: Simulating Arctic climate warmth and icefield retreat in the last interglaciation. Science. 311, 1751–1753 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J.G.: Coal-Fired Power Generation Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Cleophas, T.J.: SPSS for Starters: SPSS for Starters. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Maev, R.G., Titov, S.A.: Measurements of Parameters of Leaky Waves Using Ultrasonic Material Characterization System with Electronic Scanning. In: André, M.P., Akiyama, I., Andre, M., Arnold, W., Bamber, J., Burov, V., Chubachi, N., Erikson, K., Ermert, H., Fink, M., Gan, W.S., Granz, B., Greenleaf, J., Hu, J., Jones, J.P., Khuri-Yakub, P., Laugier, P., Lee, H., Lees, S., Levin, V.M., Maev, R., Masotti, L., Nowicki, A., O’Brien, W., Prasad, M., Rafter, P., Rouseff, D., Thijssen, J., Tittmann, B., Tortoli, P., Steen, A.V. der, Waag, R., and Wells, P. (eds.) Acoustical Imaging. pp. 43–48. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fixed Point Theory and Applications.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Rare Fast Radio Burst Detected Just Four Days Into Australian Telescope Search,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: University Funding: Patterns of Distribution of Federal Research Funds to Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chlarson-Varner, G.: Falls among older adults 65 years and older, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F.: The Legacies They Left, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFixed Point Theory and Applications
AbbreviationFixed Point Theory Appl.
ISSN (online)1687-1812
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Geometry and Topology

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