How to format your references using the Fixed Point Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fixed Point Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trevan, T.: Biological research: Rethink biosafety. Nature. 527, 155–158 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, A., Sakaguchi, S.: Immunology. Early life Aire. Science. 348, 506–507 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, D.S.G., Knight, M., Wiggs, G.F.S.: Remobilization of southern African desert dune systems by twenty-first century global warming. Nature. 435, 1218–1221 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reimer, A., Yagur-Kroll, S., Belkin, S., Roy, S., van der Meer, J.R.: Escherichia [corrected] coli ribose binding protein based bioreporters revisited. Sci. Rep. 4, 5626 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P.J., Kennedy, J.E.: Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
West, B.J.: Networks of Echoes: Imitation, Innovation and Invisible Leaders. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, B., Zhang, L.: Multi-modal and Multi-granular Learning. In: Zhou, Z.-H., Li, H., and Yang, Q. (eds.) Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 11th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2007, Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007. Proceedings. pp. 9–10. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fixed Point Theory and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Lack Of ‘Dark Matter’ In Early Galaxies Perplexes Astronomers,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Online Access to Legislative Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada, H.: Modulation of BACE1 by a novel sorting nexin in Alzheimer’s disease, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden, J.: Qatar’s World Cup Résumé: Zero Games; 2022 Host, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFixed Point Theory and Applications
AbbreviationFixed Point Theory Appl.
ISSN (online)1687-1812
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Geometry and Topology

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