How to format your references using the Fisterra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisterra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Handyside A. Let parents decide. Nature. 2010 Apr 15;464(7291):978–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hench LL, Polak JM. Third-generation biomedical materials. Science. 2002 Feb 8;295(5557):1014–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cochran WW, Mouritsen H, Wikelski M. Migrating songbirds recalibrate their magnetic compass daily from twilight cues. Science. 2004 Apr 16;304(5669):405–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ishii M, Egen JG, Klauschen F, Meier-Schellersheim M, Saeki Y, Vacher J, et al. Sphingosine-1-phosphate mobilizes osteoclast precursors and regulates bone homeostasis. Nature. 2009 Mar 26;458(7237):524–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rubin AB. Fundamentals of Biophysics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Ehrlenspiel K. Cost-Efficient Design. Kiewert A, Lindemann U, Hundal MS, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Inaba M, Iida T, Yamasaki T, Fume K, Mizoguchi Y, Nagano S, et al. Pattern-Based Semantic Tagging for Ontology Population. In: Kowalczyk R, Huhns M, Klusch M, Maamar Z, Vo QB, editors. Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2008 International Workshop, SOCASE 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 45–55. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisterra.

Blog post
Luntz S. Man Films Being Struck By Lightning [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/man-films-being-struck-lightning/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Key Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Health at Indian School Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Mar. Report No.: GAO-16-391T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duncan KF. Middle school teachers’ self-perceptions of response to intervention [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Engels Would Gasp, and Locals Gripe, at a Golden Mile. New York Times. 2006 Dec 18;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Handyside 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hench and Polak 2002; Handyside 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hench and Polak 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishii et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisterra
ISSN (print)2444-9164
Scope

Other styles