How to format your references using the Fishery Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fishery Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, A.
2004. Graduate journal: choosing a boss. Nature 428:350
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, R.I., and Nicoll, R.A.
2002. Endocannabinoid signaling in the brain. Science 296:678–682
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh, D., Segal, A., and Voets, T.
2014. Distinct modes of perimembrane TRP channel turnover revealed by TIR-FRAP. Sci. Rep. 4:7111
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, K.-C., Reed, C.A., Elliott, D.W., Mueller, L.J., Tham, F., Lin, L., and Lambert, J.B.
2002. Crystallographic evidence for a free silylium ion. Science 297:825–827

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Passarelli, D.
2012. Trading Options Greeks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stanton, P.K., Bramham, C., and Scharfman, H.E., eds
2005. Synaptic Plasticity and Transsynaptic Signaling. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Haroun, R.
2015. Philosophical and Spiritual Roots of Aikido. In AiKiDô: The Trinity of Conflict Transformation (Wagner, W., ed). p. 87–113. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fishery Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrews, R.
2016, October 6. The Paris Agreement Will Come Into Force On November 4. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
1978. Inadequacies in Data Processing Planning in the Department of the Interior (No. FGMSD-78-41). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dixon, L.K.
2009. Tracing anthropogenic wastes: Detection of fluorescent optical brighteners in a gradient of natural organic matter fluorescence (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.
2010, June 3. High Talent At Low Prices. New York Times. p. E4., p. E4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson and Nicoll, 2002; Jenkins, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Nicoll, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ghosh, Segal, and Voets, 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kim et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFishery Bulletin
AbbreviationFish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.)
ISSN (print)0090-0656
ScopeAquatic Science

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