How to format your references using the Fishery Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fishery Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clawson, D.
2009. Infrastructure. Tenure and the future of the university. Science 324:1147–1148
A journal article with 2 authors
Toyoshima, C., and Nomura, H.
2002. Structural changes in the calcium pump accompanying the dissociation of calcium. Nature 418:605–611
A journal article with 3 authors
Okabe, Y., Sano, T., and Nagata, S.
2009. Regulation of the innate immune response by threonine-phosphatase of Eyes absent. Nature 460:520–524
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wolkers, M.C., Brouwenstijn, N., Bakker, A.H., Toebes, M., and Schumacher, T.N.M.
2004. Antigen bias in T cell cross-priming. Science 304:1314–1317

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins, D.
2008. Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ferraz Dias de Moraes, M.A.
2014. Production of Ethanol from Sugarcane in Brazil: From State Intervention to a Free Market. (D. Zilberman, ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham., Vol. 43
A chapter in an edited book
Bliem, B., Pichler, R., and Woltran, S.
2013. Declarative Dynamic Programming as an Alternative Realization of Courcelle’s Theorem. In Parameterized and Exact Computation: 8th International Symposium, IPEC 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 4-6, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Gutin, G., and S. Szeider, eds). p. 28–40. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fishery Bulletin.

Blog post
Evans, K.
2017, June 13. First Global Analysis Of Alien Species Reveals World’s “Hotspots.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
2009. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Oversight of Wireless Phone Service (No. GAO-10-34). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Underwood, V.L.
2010. The effect of guided reading instruction on reading achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M.
2017, July 18. Hopeful Talk and Lessons Learned (or Maybe Not). New York Times. p. B8., p. B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clawson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Toyoshima and Nomura, 2002; Clawson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toyoshima and Nomura, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Okabe, Sano, and Nagata, 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wolkers et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFishery Bulletin
AbbreviationFish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.)
ISSN (print)0090-0656
ScopeAquatic Science

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