How to format your references using the Fishery Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fishery Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bull, J.J.
2015. Evolution: Reptile sex determination goes wild. Nature 523:43–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheetham, S.W., and Brand, A.H.
2013. Cell biology. Insulin finds its niche. Science 340:817–818
A journal article with 3 authors
Brantley, J.N., Wiggins, K.M., and Bielawski, C.W.
2011. Unclicking the click: mechanically facilitated 1,3-dipolar cycloreversions. Science 333:1606–1609
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burresi, M., van Oosten, D., Kampfrath, T., Schoenmaker, H., Heideman, R., Leinse, A., and Kuipers, L.
2009. Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies. Science 326:550–553

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dijksterhuis, G.B.
2008. Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science. Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., Trumbull, Connecticut, USA.
An edited book
Yu, G., and Jin, Y., eds
2016. Assessing Chinese Learners of English: Language Constructs, Consequences and Conundrums. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Lyons, D.E.
2009. The Rational Continuum of Human Imitation. In Mirror Neuron Systems: The Role of Mirroring Processes in Social Cognition (Pineda, J.A., ed). p. 77–103. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fishery Bulletin.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.
2015, July 28. No, The EM Drive Will Not Lead To Warp Travel Any Time Soon. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
2011. Information Technology: Investment Oversight and Management Have Improved but Continued Attention Is Needed (No. GAO-11-454T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, N.J.
2017. Queered (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.
2005, December 13. SUPREME COURT TO HEAR DISPUTE ON REDISTRICTING. New York Times. p. A1., p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bull, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cheetham and Brand, 2013; Bull, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheetham and Brand, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Brantley, Wiggins, and Bielawski, 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Burresi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFishery Bulletin
AbbreviationFish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.)
ISSN (print)0090-0656
ScopeAquatic Science

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