How to format your references using the Fishery Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fishery Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wan, Z.
2015. China’s scientific progress hinges on access to data. Nature 520:587
A journal article with 2 authors
Wuchty, S., and Uetz, P.
2014. Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Sci. Rep. 4:7187
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanner, C., Manca, C., and Leutwyler, S.
2003. Probing the threshold to H atom transfer along a hydrogen-bonded ammonia wire. Science 302:1736–1739
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kimura, J., Ichii, O., Miyazono, K., Nakamura, T., Horino, T., Otsuka-Kanazawa, S., and Kon, Y.
2014. Overexpression of Toll-like receptor 8 correlates with the progression of podocyte injury in murine autoimmune glomerulonephritis. Sci. Rep. 4:7290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., and Prutchi, S.R.
2012. Exploring Quantum Physics Through Hands-On Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carlsson, C.
2011. Possibility for Decision: A Possibilistic Approach to Real Life Decisions. (R. Fullér, ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., Vol. 270
A chapter in an edited book
Nemerson, Y., and Taubman, M.B.
2006. Thrombosis. In Essential Cardiology: Principles and Practice (Rosendorff, C., ed). p. 77–83. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fishery Bulletin.

Blog post
Hale, T.
2016, April 29. A Man Switched A Helicopter Engine Off Mid-Flight To Prove A Point. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
1999. Federal Communications Commission: Direct Broadcast Satellite Public Interest Obligations (No. OGC-99-32). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lefebvre, K.
2017. Racial Prejudice, Individualism, and Political Identity: Understanding the Forty-Year Trend of Anti-Welfare Spending Preferences (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.
2017, August 25. A Prince’s Kingdom is Scattered to the Winds. New York Times. p. C1., p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wuchty and Uetz, 2014; Wan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wuchty and Uetz, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tanner, Manca, and Leutwyler, 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kimura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFishery Bulletin
AbbreviationFish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.)
ISSN (print)0090-0656
ScopeAquatic Science

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