How to format your references using the Fishery Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fishery Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker, P.
2000. Nuclear physics. Doubly magic nickel. Nature 404:447, 449
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzberg, C., and Gazel, E.
2009. Petrological evidence for secular cooling in mantle plumes. Nature 458:619–622
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris, H.H., Pickering, I.J., and George, G.N.
2003. The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science 301:1203
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garcia-Viloca, M., Gao, J., Karplus, M., and Truhlar, D.G.
2004. How enzymes work: analysis by modern rate theory and computer simulations. Science 303:186–195

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, G., and Levin, B.
2014. The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kahraman, C., ed
2008. Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making: Theory and Applications with Recent Developments. Springer US, Boston, MA., Vol. 16
A chapter in an edited book
Wight, C.
2013. Morphogenesis, Continuity and Change in the International Political System. In Social Morphogenesis (Archer, M.S., ed). p. 85–101. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fishery Bulletin.

Blog post
Evans, K.
2016, December 30. Siberian Permafrost Cities In Danger Of Collapse In The Next 35 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
1992. Stafford Student Loans: Lower Subsidy Payments Could Achieve Savings Without Affecting Access (No. HRD-92-7). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matthews, L.K.
2016. The impact of trait displaced aggression and social support on cardiovascular reactivity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.
2011, January 25. Jets May Change, But Ryan Says He Won’t. New York Times. p. B11., p. B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walker, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Walker, 2000; Herzberg and Gazel, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzberg and Gazel, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Harris, Pickering, and George, 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Garcia-Viloca et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFishery Bulletin
AbbreviationFish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.)
ISSN (print)0090-0656
ScopeAquatic Science

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