How to format your references using the Fishery Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fishery Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kroes, G.-J.
2008. Frontiers in surface scattering simulations. Science 321:794–797
A journal article with 2 authors
Fortágh, J., and Zimmermann, C.
2005. PHYSICS: Toward Atom Chips. Science 307:860–861
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, G.-W., Oh, E., and Weissman, J.S.
2012. The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria. Nature 484:538–541
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Semaw, S., Simpson, S.W., Quade, J., Renne, P.R., Butler, R.F., McIntosh, W.C., Levin, N., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., and Rogers, M.J.
2005. Early Pliocene hominids from Gona, Ethiopia. Nature 433:301–305

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H.
2012. Building Physics: Heat, Air and Moisture. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Mohapatra, D.P., and Patnaik, S., eds
2014. Intelligent Computing, Networking, and Informatics: Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking, and Informatics, India, June 2013. Springer India, New Delhi., Vol. 243
A chapter in an edited book
Bornstein, R., Styrbicki-Imamura, R., González, J.E., and Lebassi, B.
2012. Interactions of Global-Warming and Urban Heat Islands in Different Climate-Zones. In National Security and Human Health Implications of Climate Change (Fernando, H.J.S., Z. Klaić, and J.L. McCulley, eds). p. 49–60. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fishery Bulletin.

Blog post
Fang, J.
2014, August 12. Is Yawning as Contagious in Bonobos as it is in Humans? IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
1996. Federal Employers’ Liability Act: Issues Associated With Changing How Railroad Work-Related Injuries Are Compensated (No. RCED-96-199). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, D.
2010. Subjective strain, anger, and delinquency: Evidence from South Korea (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.
1992, November 10. THE TRANSITION: The President-Elect; Despite Some Signs of Recovery, Clinton Points to Economic Perils. New York Times. p. A1., p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kroes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fortágh and Zimmermann, 2005; Kroes, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fortágh and Zimmermann, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Li, Oh, and Weissman, 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Semaw et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFishery Bulletin
AbbreviationFish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.)
ISSN (print)0090-0656
ScopeAquatic Science

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