How to format your references using the European Journal of Business and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Business and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. (2000). PALEONTOLOGY: Fossils Made to Order, Any Size. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5472), 1729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallouzi, I. E., & Steitz, J. A. (2001). Delineation of mRNA export pathways by the use of cell-permeable peptides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1895–1901.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, J.-H., Yoneya, M., & Yokoyama, H. (2002). Tristable nematic liquid-crystal device using micropatterned surface alignment. Nature, 420(6912), 159–162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, E., Marcucci, M., Daniell, L., Pypaert, M., Weisz, O. A., Ochoa, G.-C., Farsad, K., Wenk, M. R., & De Camilli, P. (2002). Amphiphysin 2 (Bin1) and T-tubule biogenesis in muscle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1193–1196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fraser, J., & Simkins, B. J. (2009). Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oosterom, P. van, Zlatanova, S., Penninga, F., & Fendel, E. M. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in 3D Geoinformation Systems. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fu, Y. (2010). ROP GTPases and the Cytoskeleton. In S. Yalovsky, F. Baluška, & A. Jones (Eds.), Integrated G Proteins Signaling in Plants (pp. 91–104). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Business and Economics.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, October 7). New Summit Announced To Highlight Much-Needed Optimism In Conservation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Implementation of the Arts and Artifacts Indemnity Act (B-115398). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narayanan, B. C. (2008). Structure function diversity within the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily as revealed by the enzymes oxaloacetate decarboxylase and 2,3-dimethylmalate lyase [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. (2016, September 1). Music Videos Come to Life. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gallouzi & Steitz, 2001; Stokstad, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallouzi & Steitz, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kim et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Business and Economics
ISSN (print)1804-5839
ISSN (online)1804-9699

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