How to format your references using the European Journal of Business and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Business and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellison, A. M. (2014). Political borders should not hamper wildlife. Nature, 508(7494), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berg, P., & Lehman, I. R. (2007). Retrospective: Arthur Kornberg (1918-2007). Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1564.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saran, R., Stolojan, V., & Curry, R. J. (2014). Ultrahigh performance C60 nanorod large area flexible photoconductor devices via ultralow organic and inorganic photodoping. Scientific Reports, 4, 5041.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lei, Y., Mehmood, F., Lee, S., Greeley, J., Lee, B., Seifert, S., … Vajda, S. (2010). Increased silver activity for direct propylene epoxidation via subnanometer size effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5975), 224–228.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiu, L. (2012). Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
He, X. (2010). Process Neural Networks: Theory and Applications. (S. Xu, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhan, N., Wang, S., & Zhao, H. (2013). Formal Modelling, Analysis and Verification of Hybrid Systems. In Z. Liu, J. Woodcock, & H. Zhu (Eds.), Unifying Theories of Programming and Formal Engineering Methods: International Training School on Software Engineering, Held at ICTAC 2013, Shanghai, China, August 26-30, 2013, Advanced Lectures (pp. 207–281). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Business and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, October 3). Here’s How An Artist With Synesthesia “Sees” Famous Songs. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). [Comments on NASA Employee’s Proposed Work Schedule] (No. B-258316). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corral, E. (2012). Latino undocumented students in Los Angeles: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Karr, M. (2010, September 26). JAN. 15, 2006: Thanks for The Memoirs. New York Times, p. F15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellison, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Berg & Lehman, 2007; Ellison, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berg & Lehman, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Saran, Stolojan, & Curry, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lei et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Business and Economics
ISSN (print)1804-5839
ISSN (online)1804-9699

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