How to format your references using the ACS Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDermott, J. The Evolution of Music. Nature 2008, 453 (7193), 287–288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnan, V.; Nestler, E. J. The Molecular Neurobiology of Depression. Nature 2008, 455 (7215), 894–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adams, E. J.; Chien, Y.-H.; Garcia, K. C. Structure of a Gammadelta T Cell Receptor in Complex with the Nonclassical MHC T22. Science 2005, 308 (5719), 227–231.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Linden, S.; Enkrich, C.; Wegener, M.; Zhou, J.; Koschny, T.; Soukoulis, C. M. Magnetic Response of Metamaterials at 100 Terahertz. Science 2004, 306 (5700), 1351–1353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, W. L.; Marn, M. V.; Zawada, C. C. The Price Advantage; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Flinovia - Flow Induced Noise and Vibration Issues and Aspects: A Focus on Measurement, Modeling, Simulation and Reproduction of the Flow Excitation and Flow Induced Response; Ciappi, E., De Rosa, S., Franco, F., Guyader, J.-L., Hambric, S. A., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Alahmari, S. Overcoming Cultural Barriers. In Critical Storytelling in Uncritical Times: Stories Disclosed in a Cultural Foundations of Education Course; Hartlep, N. D., Hensley, B. O., Eds.; Constructing Knowledge: Curriculum Studies in Action; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015; pp 37–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
Fang, J. Skin Cancer Drug Allows Fruit Flies to Live Longer. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Communications: Actions Needed to Ensure Advanced High Frequency Radios Interoperate; NSIAD-89-84; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escalante-Guerra, M. Policy Analysis Proposal Regarding the Adoptions and Safe Family Act of 1997. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Venezuela Tops Italy in Marathon. New York Times. March 12, 2017, p SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationACS Infect. Dis.
ISSN (online)2373-8227

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