How to format your references using the ACS Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Theise, N. D. Now You See It, Now You Don’t. Nature 2005, 435 (7046), 1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hor, H.; Tafti, M. Physiology. How Much Sleep Do We Need? Science 2009, 325 (5942), 825–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noborisaka, J.; Nishiguchi, K.; Fujiwara, A. Electric Tuning of Direct-Indirect Optical Transitions in Silicon. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6950.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Puschnig, P.; Berkebile, S.; Fleming, A. J.; Koller, G.; Emtsev, K.; Seyller, T.; Riley, J. D.; Ambrosch-Draxl, C.; Netzer, F. P.; Ramsey, M. G. Reconstruction of Molecular Orbital Densities from Photoemission Data. Science 2009, 326 (5953), 702–706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kanel, G. C. Pathology of Liver Diseases; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Accounting for the Public Interest: Perspectives on Accountability, Professionalism and Role in Society; Mintz, S., Ed.; Advances in Business Ethics Research, A Journal of Business Ethics Book Series; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; Vol. 4.
A chapter in an edited book
Lang, D. E. Diversity, Democracy, and Documentation: A Self-Study Path to Sharing Social Realities and Challenges in a Field-Based Social Studies Curriculum Methods Course. In Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education; Crowe, A. R., Ed.; Self Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; pp 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Journey To The Other Side Of Absolute Zero (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Urban Mass Transportation Administration’s Enforcement of Buy America Provisions of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act; T-RCED-88-33; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, C. Medication-Assisted Treatment: Education for Those Who Assist in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Curriculum Development. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, S. F.; Moynihan, C. Well Before Scandals, Cosby’s Wife Faulted Media Treatment of Blacks. New York Times. January 20, 2015, p C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationACS Infect. Dis.
ISSN (online)2373-8227

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