How to format your references using the Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.J. Arena, Outside my comfort zone, Science. 345 (2014) 842.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Fang, T.F. McCutchan, Thermoregulation in a parasite’s life cycle, Nature. 418 (2002) 742.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Li, B. Wu, L. Wang, Cooperation with both synergistic and local interactions can be worse than each alone, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.J. Keeling, M.E.J. Woolhouse, R.M. May, G. Davies, B.T. Grenfell, Modelling vaccination strategies against foot-and-mouth disease, Nature. 421 (2003) 136–142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Ravindran, The Mathematics of Financial Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
F. Bao, P. Samarati, J. Zhou, eds., Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 10th International Conference, ACNS 2012, Singapore, June 26-29, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
T.C. Hales, S.P. Ferguson, A Formulation of the Kepler Conjecture, in: J.C. Lagarias (Ed.), The Kepler Conjecture: The Hales-Ferguson Proof, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 83–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Python Requires Emergency Surgery After Swallowing BBQ Tongs, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Improvement Program: Better Management Needed for Funds Provided Under Letters of Intent, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Peters, From Cybernetics to Cyber Networks: Norbert Wiener, the Soviet Internet, and the Cold War Dawn of Information Universalism, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, White Guys, Grappling With a New Reality, New York Times. (2016) AR115.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute
ISSN (print)2346-8092

Other styles