How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson K: Personal finance. Young scientists need firm plan to make up for a late start. Science 313:1454–1457, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Loosdrecht MCM, Brdjanovic D: Water treatment. Anticipating the next century of wastewater treatment. Science 344:1452–1453, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halter WE, Pettke T, Heinrich CA: The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science 296:1844–1846, 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schutzius TM, Graeber G, Elsharkawy M, Oreluk J, Megaridis CM: Morphing and vectoring impacting droplets by means of wettability-engineered surfaces. Sci Rep 4:7029, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon MJ Jr: Total Quality Process Control for Injection Molding. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Schwenker F, Trentin E (eds): Partially Supervised Learning: First IAPR TC3 Workshop, PSL 2011, Ulm, Germany, September 15-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao Q, Zhang W, Tian F: Revolutionary Legal System: From Common Program to 1975 Constitution. In: The Road to the Rule of Law in Modern China. Edited by Zhang W and Tian F. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2015, pp 61–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Hale T: AI Can Predict How Much Longer You Have Left To Live. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reevaluation Needed of Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angell BD: Transformational Innovation and Transformational Leadership in the U.S. Government Department of Defense Acquisitions Workforce. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robles F, Alvarez L, Yee V: Entire State Shudders as Hurricane Irma Roars Into Florida. New York Times A1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson 2006; van Loosdrecht and Brdjanovic 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Loosdrecht and Brdjanovic 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Schutzius et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Child Adolesc. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1044-5463
ISSN (online)1557-8992
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles