How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone R: HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS: CERN Link Breathes Life Into Russian Physics. Science 290:250–252, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
French SW, Romanowicz B: Broad plumes rooted at the base of the Earth’s mantle beneath major hotspots. Nature 525:95–99, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quax R, Kandhai D, Sloot PMA: Information dissipation as an early-warning signal for the Lehman Brothers collapse in financial time series. Sci Rep 3:1898, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dang L, White DW, Gross S, Bennett BD, Bittinger MA, Driggers EM, Fantin VR, Jang HG, Jin S, Keenan MC, Marks KM, Prins RM, Ward PS, Yen KE, Liau LM, Rabinowitz JD, Cantley LC, Thompson CB, Vander Heiden MG, Su SM: Cancer-associated IDH1 mutations produce 2-hydroxyglutarate. Nature 465:966, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair TH: Energy Production Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Petkov V (ed): Space, Time, and Spacetime: Physical and Philosophical Implications of Minkowski’s Unification of Space and Time. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Morita K: Policies Towards Tackling Climate Change and Their Compatibility with the WTO. In: Contemporary Issues in Environmental Law: The EU and Japan. Edited by Nakanishi Y. Tokyo, Springer Japan, 2016, pp 63–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Luntz S: Huge “Bathtub Ring” Left By Oil Spill. IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Interim Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research and Technology Transfer Programs. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson MS: Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G: Yankees Need One Of Those Comebacks. New York Times B17, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stone 2000).
This sentence cites two references (French and Romanowicz 2015; Stone 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (French and Romanowicz 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Dang et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Child Adolesc. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1044-5463
ISSN (online)1557-8992
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles