How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson K: Personal finance. Summer salary and other windfalls. Science 313:1455, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwefel HGL, Türeci HE: Optics. A chaotic approach clears up imaging. Science 348:189–190, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou H, Pei Y, Fang D: Magnetic field tunable small-scale mechanical properties of nickel single crystals measured by nanoindentation technique. Sci Rep 4:4583, 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bernheim-Groswasser A, Wiesner S, Golsteyn RM, Carlier M-F, Sykes C: The dynamics of actin-based motility depend on surface parameters. Nature 417:308–311, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay R: Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation. Oxford, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Watson RR, Preedy VR, Zibadi S (eds): Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences. Totowa, NJ, Humana Press, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Farina D, Laffranchi F, Ravanelli M, Borghesi A, Maroldi R: Imaging of the Lacrimal Drainage System and Interventional Radiology. In: Endoscopic Surgery of the Lacrimal Drainage System. Edited by Presutti L and Mattioli F. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E: What Are The Chances That Climate Change Is “Natural”? IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Recovery Act: Broadband Programs Are Ongoing, and Agencies’ Efforts Would Benefit from Improved Data Quality. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza E: Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman B: The Start-Up Slump Is a Drag on the Economy. Maybe Big Business Is to Blame. New York Times B1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson 2006; Schwefel and Türeci 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwefel and Türeci 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bernheim-Groswasser et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Child Adolesc. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1044-5463
ISSN (online)1557-8992
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles