How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forrest LR: Structural biology. (Pseudo-)symmetrical transport. Science 339:399–401, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore SE, Gaudinski JB: Atmospheric science. The secret lives of roots. Science 302:1344–1345, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rastogi D, Suzuki M, Greally JM: Differential epigenome-wide DNA methylation patterns in childhood obesity-associated asthma. Sci Rep 3:2164, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deng X, Yin X, Allan R, Lu DD, Maurer CW, Haimovitz-Friedman A, Fuks Z, Shaham S, Kolesnick R: Ceramide biogenesis is required for radiation-induced apoptosis in the germ line of C. elegans. Science 322:110–115, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rajagopal R: Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Andréka H, Ferenczi M, Németi I (eds): Cylindric-like Algebras and Algebraic Logic. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Fatemi SH, Folsom TD: Prenatal Viral Infection in Mouse: An Animal Model of Schizophrenia. In: Genomics, Proteomics, and the Nervous System. Edited by Clelland JD. New York, NY, Springer, 2011, pp 113–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Evans K: Contrary To Popular Belief, Smiling Makes You Look Older. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Pipeline Safety Fund: Minimum Balance Was Not Reasonably Estimated. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan LG: Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard A, Gordon MR: Aid Convoy Is Hit in Syria as Cease-Fire Falters and Bombings Resume. New York Times A4, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forrest 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Forrest 2013; Trumbore and Gaudinski 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore and Gaudinski 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Child Adolesc. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1044-5463
ISSN (online)1557-8992
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles