How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGillicuddy DJ Jr: Oceans. Eddies masquerade as planetary waves. Science 334:318–319, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soles CL, Ding Y: Materials science. Nanoscale polymer processing. Science 322:689–690, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gebelein B, McKay DJ, Mann RS: Direct integration of Hox and segmentation gene inputs during Drosophila development. Nature 431:653–659, 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Svensen H, Planke S, Malthe-Sørenssen A, Jamtveit B, Myklebust R, Rasmussen Eidem T, Rey SS: Release of methane from a volcanic basin as a mechanism for initial Eocene global warming. Nature 429:542–545, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bains G: Cultural DNA. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Duttaroy AK: Early Nutrition and Lifestyle Factors: Effects on First Trimester Placenta. Edited by Basak S. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Acet M, Spasova M, Elsukova A: Diffusion Enhancement in FePt Nanoparticles for L1 $0$ Stability. In: Nanoparticles from the Gasphase: Formation, Structure, Properties. Edited by Lorke A, Winterer M, Schmechel R, and Schulz C. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012, pp 123–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Hale T: This Super-Realistic 3D Printed Body Is Helping Train Surgeons. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA Procurement Assessments. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan D: Facilitators or impediments to college readiness. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson A, Goldstein M: Man of Many Principles. New York Times BU1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGillicuddy 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McGillicuddy 2011; Soles and Ding 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soles and Ding 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Svensen et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Child Adolesc. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1044-5463
ISSN (online)1557-8992
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles